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International Democracy and the West: The Roles of Governments, Civil Society, and Multinational Business

Richard Youngs

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199274468
eISBN:
9780191602030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274460.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book adds to debates on the international dimensions of democratisation by exploring the politics and actions of Western governments, multinational companies, and non-profit organisations ... More


San Francisco and Human Rights, 1945

Ian Clark

in International Legitimacy and World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199297009
eISBN:
9780191711428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297009.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The draft proposals for the United Nations Charter that emerged from Dumbarton Oaks allowed only for one brief mention of human rights. The final version agreed at San Francisco gave human rights a ... More


Accountability

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Although international administrators wield enormous power, they are not directly accountable to the populations over which they rule. Strictly speaking, a transitional administrator is accountable ... More


Greece

Maria Kousis

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Analysis of 579 environmental protest events in Greece, reported in Eleftherotypia during 1988–97, showed an uneven decline of protest during the decade, an overrepresentation of urban environmental ... More


Multi-level Governance and International Relations

STEPHEN WELCH and CAROLINE KENNEDY-PIPE

in Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259250
eISBN:
9780191600968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259259.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Stephen Welch and Caroline Kennedy‐Pipe consider the relevance of multi‐level governance to developments in international relations (IR). In doing so, they provide a synoptic review of five issue ... More


The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Douglas A. Chalmers, Carlos M. Vilas, Katherine Hite, Scott B. Martin, Kerianne Piester, and Monique Segarra (eds)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Almost all agree that political systems in Latin America underwent a transformation in the 1980s. The usual quick description of this change was ‘democratization’. But whether one takes an optimistic ... More


Prologue

Stuart Rutherford

in The Pledge: ASA, Peasant Politics, and Microfinance in the Development of Bangladesh

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380651
eISBN:
9780199869312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380651.003.10011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

ASA's origins can be dated to 1978 when a group of young NGO workers in Bangladesh, led by Shafiqual Haque Choudhury, pledged to develop a new sort of NGO. Its aims would be to eliminate poverty and ... More


Humanitarian Organizations and the Role of Media

The Independent International Commission on Kosovo

in The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243099
eISBN:
9780191599538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243093.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Part 1 argues that when there are large numbers of internally displaced people, humanitarian groups should anticipate and prepare for the risks of a large outflow of refugees. The chapter argues that ... More


Regional Integration and Transnational Politics: Popular Sector Strategies in the NAFTA Era

María Lorena Cook

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Explores a novel and unexpected by‐product of the process of negotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement—a network of North American labour, environmental, human rights, and other citizens’ ... More


The Evolution of the Brazilian Environmental Movement and Its Political Roles

Kathryn Hochstetler

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Perceptions of the political importance of social movements and popular organizations often err by seeing only one of their many possible roles. An analysis of the evolution of the Brazilian ... More


NGOs in the Context of National Struggle

Maanuel Hassassian

in Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125924
eISBN:
9780199833894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125924.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) began to develop in Palestine after the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip in 1967, but only a few of these can be considered peace and ... More


Globalization and the National Security State

T.V. Paul and Norrin Ripsman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393903
eISBN:
9780199776832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393903.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the past two decades, many have posited a correlation between the spread of globalization and the decline of the nation-state. In the realm of national security, advocates of the globalization ... More


Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails

Judith G. Kelley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152776
eISBN:
9781400842520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In recent decades, governments and NGOs—in an effort to promote democracy, freedom, fairness, and stability throughout the world—have organized teams of observers to monitor elections in a variety of ... More


The Regulation of Labour Standards/Rights in Supplier Countries: The Role of Firms, Nation States, and International Organizations

Christel Lane and Jocelyn Probert

in National Capitalisms, Global Production Networks: Fashioning the Value Chain in the UK, US, and Germany

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214815
eISBN:
9780191721779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214815.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter starts by examining the labour standards and rights which exist in low-wage supplier countries and the role played by national institutions — particularly the state and unions, but also ... More


Post‐TRIPS Tensions and Global IP Debates

Carolyn Deere

in The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550616
eISBN:
9780191720284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 4 shows how disagreements over the final TRIPS text set the stage for struggles over implementation and the variation that emerged. TRIPS implementation occurred amidst competing efforts of ... More


Bury or display? The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda

Rémi Korman

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Contrary to other countries that suffered mass violence in the late twentieth century, such as Bosnia, the issue of individual identification or DNA identification has never been considered seriously ... More


The Rise of a New Norm

Judith G. Kelley

in Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152776
eISBN:
9781400842520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter talks about a combination of several factors that led to the rapid rise of monitoring. First, proponents were able to frame monitoring as a mechanism for upholding evolving political and ... More


What Influences Monitors’ Assessments?

Judith G. Kelley

in Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152776
eISBN:
9781400842520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes some of the factors that may influence how organizations assess elections. Identifying such possible biases is necessary to assess the legitimacy of the monitoring process ... More


A Politicized Minority: “”

Jonathan Laurence

in The Emancipation of Europe's Muslims: The State's Role in Minority Integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144214
eISBN:
9781400840373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144214.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses the growth of Political Islam and transnational religious NGOs in Western Europe. While the European receiving states were granting a de facto monopoly of religious ... More


A short history of ‘pro-poor policy’ 1970–2010

Paul Mosley

in The Politics of Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692125
eISBN:
9780191739286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692125.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

When development studies were born, after decolonization in the middle of the twentieth century, poverty was not an important concern of policy-makers. This chapter asks how this situation changed in ... More


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