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Nationalism and Kemalism

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Turkish nationalism and Kemalism. The elimination of Islam as an ideological pillar of the main Ottoman successor state created a legitimacy vacuum at the center of the regime. ... More


Muslim Communism? The Turkish War of Independence

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Turkish War of Independence. Fighting between 1919 and 1922 on two principal fronts—against the British-backed Greeks in the West and the unsupported Armenians in the ... More


The Secular Republic

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter addresses Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's secularism. If popular expectations were any guide, two paths to global leadership lay wide open to Mustafa Kemal in 1922: he could either capitalize on ... More


Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Ryan Gingeras

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The birth of the Turkish Republic was an event borne out of immense bloodshed and carnage. During the decade leading up to the end of the Ottoman Empire and the ascendancy of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, ... More


Turkey and the West

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how Mustafa Kemal Atatürk held strongly to the old Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) belief that maintaining the state's European character was crucial for its survival. ... More


The Scientism of the Young Turks

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter details how Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's attitudes and policies were to be shaped to an extraordinary degree by the ideas he encountered and the experiences he underwent as an activist in the ... More


<i>Das Volk in Waffen</i>: The Formation of an Ottoman Officer

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's military education. In January 1896, upon graduating from the military preparatory school in Salonica, Mustafa Kemal enrolled in the military high school ... More


From Wars to the Great War: A Hero Is Born

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks at Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's quest for heroism. As he expressed it in a personal letter to a female friend, he had “grand desires” to render extraordinary services to his homeland. ... More


The Grammatology of Nationalism

Nergis Ertürk

in Grammatology and Literary Modernity in Turkey

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746682
eISBN:
9780199918775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746682.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Chapter Two argues that the revolutionary moment of the mid-nineteenth century failed to deliver on its promise of a new egalitarian writing. Although the “freeing” of the Ottoman Turkish language ... More


Introduction

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book, which seeks to place the founder of the modern Turkish republic in his historical context. This approach shows Mustafa Kemal Atatürk to be ... More


Fin-de-Siècle Salonica

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's childhood in the ancient Macedonian capital of Salonica. The future founder of the Turkish Republic was born one winter, either in 1880 or in 1881. His ... More


Conclusion

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

in Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter demonstrates that while Mustafa Kemal Atatürk played a momentous role in the transition from the Ottoman order to modern Turkey, his work cannot be considered that of a ... More


The Imperial Origins of the “Turkish Mafia”

Ryan Gingeras

in Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198716020
eISBN:
9780191784279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716020.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

To understand the origins of organized crime in Turkey one must look first at the context and the significance of crime and violence in Anatolia during the first three decades of the twentieth ... More


Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

M. Sükrü Hanioglu

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science would reign supreme as ... More


The Search for a Useable Past: Prisoners of War, the Ottoman Great War and Turkish Nationalism

Yücel Yanikdağ

in Healing the Nation: Prisoners of War, Medicine and Nationalism in Turkey, 1914-1939

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748665785
eISBN:
9780748689262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748665785.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The epilogue brings together the themes explored in the earlier chapters to argue that the First World War and nearly everything connected to it – war neurosis, prisoners of war, fears of degeneracy ... More


The Political Economy of Muslim Politics in Turkey

Joshua D. Hendrick

in Gülen: The Ambiguous Politics of Market Islam in Turkey and the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814770986
eISBN:
9780814760475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770986.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

This chapter discusses the political economy of Muslim politics that gave rise to the Gülen Movement's (GM) collective mobilization. It situates the GM in its proper milieu by explaining how Turkey's ... More


Hogan’s Heroes

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter defines the key terms used throughout the book: military, military coup, and popular revolution. The military, also known as the armed forces, is the state institution responsible for ... More


Education

Joshua D. Hendrick

in Gülen: The Ambiguous Politics of Market Islam in Turkey and the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814770986
eISBN:
9780814760475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770986.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

This chapter provides a brief history of education in Turkey and how the Gülen Movement (GM) was able to carve a niche in the area of private education and test preparation. It begins with an ... More


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