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Lineages of the Digital State

Philip N. Howard

in The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736416
eISBN:
9780199866441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736416.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter addresses two important questions: Which governments are online? What is the relative capacity of their information infrastructure? There are many aspects to the information society, and ... More


Political Parties Online

Philip N. Howard

in The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736416
eISBN:
9780199866441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736416.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter shows that political parties play different roles in Muslim countries. In some, parties participate in competitive elections; in others, a single political party manages the state ... More


Censorship and the Politics of Cultural Production

Philip N. Howard

in The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736416
eISBN:
9780199866441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736416.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter explores the more pernicious applications of ICTs, which are used in many Muslim countries not simply for censorship but for actively managing collective identity. The first part of the ... More


Civil Society and Systems of Political Communication

Philip N. Howard

in The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736416
eISBN:
9780199866441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736416.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter develops grounded theory about the role of information and communication technologies in civil society development. Civic groups are important for democratization because they are, by ... More


New Media and Journalism Online

Philip N. Howard

in The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736416
eISBN:
9780199866441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736416.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

One of the most important changes over the last decade has been in the business and practice of journalism in countries with large Muslim communities. This chapter reviews the ways in which the ... More


Conclusion: Information Technology and Democratic Islam

Philip N. Howard

in The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736416
eISBN:
9780199866441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736416.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter takes a transnational approach to answering a crucial question: What role does the internet have in the democratic transitions of Muslim countries? The previous four chapters reviewed ... More


Not Washington, Beijing nor Mecca: The Limitations of Development Models

Robert Springborg

in Development Models in Muslim Contexts: Chinese, 'Islamic' and Neo-liberal Alternatives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639687
eISBN:
9780748653171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639687.003.0020
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This concluding chapter aims to draw out from the preceding chapters answers to key questions about the transportability to Muslim countries of development models, particularly the Chinese model. ... More


Corruption and Crime

M. Steven Fish

in Are Muslims Distinctive?: A Look at the Evidence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199769209
eISBN:
9780190252502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769209.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between Islam and social disorder, with particular reference to corruption and crime. Using data drawn from the World Values Survey (WVS), it evaluates whether ... More


The Roots of Political Activism in Six Muslim-Majority Nations

Nancy J. Davis, Robert V. Robinson, and Tom VanHeuvelen

in Values, Political Action, and Change in the Middle East and the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190269098
eISBN:
9780190633929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269098.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Through analyses of World Values Surveys of six predominantly Muslim countries (Algeria, Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, and Pakistan), the authors explore the religious, social, and contextual ... More


Different Conceptions of Nationalism

Arskal Salim

in Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832377
eISBN:
9780824868963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter presents debates over the idea of nationalism and Islam–state relations in pre-independence Indonesia (from the 1920s to the early 1940s). It identifies a widespread conviction that ... More


State, Islam, and Gender Politics

Jocelyne Cesari (ed.)

in Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198788553
eISBN:
9780191830419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788553.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

The existing literature on women’s rights and Islam falls short of addressing the relationship between the religious debate on women’s rights and the existing rules of law in Muslim-majority ... More


Introduction

John L. Esposito, Tamara Sonn, and John O. Voll

in Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780195147988
eISBN:
9780190263799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147988.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter begins by considering the failure of the Arab Spring uprisings to produce democracy in the Muslim world. It then turns to modernization theory and its corollary, the ... More


Conclusion

John L. Esposito, Tamara Sonn, and John O. Voll

in Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780195147988
eISBN:
9780190263799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147988.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This concluding chapter summarizes the case studies in the preceding chapters and presents some final thoughts. It discusses how democratization has been ongoing in Muslim-majority countries for well ... More


Constitutional Dissonance

Arskal Salim

in Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832377
eISBN:
9780824868963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores what Islamic constitutionalism means and its implications for Muslim countries. It looks at the variety of Islamic constitutionalism available in the Muslim world and ... More


Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia

Arskal Salim

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832377
eISBN:
9780824868963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This book examines Muslim efforts to incorporate sharia (religious law) into modern Indonesia's legal system from the time of independence in 1945 to the present. The book argues that attempts to ... More


The End of Fear, the Beginning of Understanding

in Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226645605
eISBN:
9780226645643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645643.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the failure of the United States to address suicide terrorism. It highlights the facts that American military policies have not stopped the rising wave of extremism in the ... More


Democracy and Islam in Indonesia

Alfred Stepan and Mirjam Künkler (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161916
eISBN:
9780231535052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161916.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this volume, political scientists, religious scholars, legal theorists, and anthropologists examine the theory and practice of Indonesia's democratic transition and consider whether it can serve ... More


Secularism in Islamic Countries: Turkey as a Model

Ergun Özbudun

in Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199759880
eISBN:
9780190259921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759880.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter first discusses the secularization of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century. It then covers the distinct character of Turkish secularism; the Turkish Constitutional Court as ... More


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