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Reconstructing Darwinism: from Darwin to the genome via the Modern Synthesis

Antonio Fontdevila

in The Dynamic Genome: A Darwinian Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199541379
eISBN:
9780191728532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541379.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

This chapter deals with the traditional objections to the Modern Synthesis to decide whether the genome perusal forces us to update (or change) this synthesis. After a journey from Darwin's ideas to ... More


Elements of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis

Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews the directions that contribute to an Extended Synthesis. It deals with the significant advances in the understanding of the tightly linked ideas (in the Modern Synthesis [MS]) of ... More


Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1809—the year of Charles Darwin's birth—Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach ... More


Introduction: The Exclusion of Soft (“Lamarckian”) Inheritance from the Modern Synthesis

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the Modern Synthesis of evolution that emerged between the 1920s and 1950s and persisted in the 1960s. The Modern Synthesis refers to the fusion of ideas among biologists about ... More


Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley’s Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, the spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant ... More


History of investigations

Michael L. Arnold

in Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins with a brief history of pre-Darwinian, evolutionary studies concerning genetic exchange. It then discusses various organismal systems to exemplify some ways in which post-Modern ... More


The Use and Non-Use of the Human Nature Concept by Evolutionary Biologists

Peter J. Richerson

in Why We Disagree About Human Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198823650
eISBN:
9780191862267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823650.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A number of prominent modern evolutionists embraced ‘human nature’, signalling their commitment to the Modern Synthesis. Their claim is that for most of our evolutionary history, culture was of ... More


Multilevel Selection and Major Transitions

David Sloan Wilson

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the debate on group selection, a concept that has experienced vertiginous ups and downs since the 1960s, and brings it up to modern standards within the broader context of ... More


Integrating Genomics into Evolutionary Theory

Gregory A. Wray

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter characterizes the consequences of a shift of focus from individual genes to gene networks. It describes some of the opportunities and challenges that the genomic era brings to ... More


Why Did the Modern Synthesis Give Short Shrift to “Soft Inheritance”?

Adam Wilkins

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents three important reasons why evolutionary biologists dismissed Lamarckism or soft inheritance from the Modern Synthesis. The first is the legacy of adhering to August Weismann's ... More


The Modern Synthesis: Discussion

Eva Jablonka

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses important issues concerning the Modern Synthesis. First, it describes the neglected ideas and overlooked theories of Cyril Darlington. It then discusses the decline of the ... More


The “Species Concept” and the Beginnings of Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226377445
eISBN:
9780226377582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226377582.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

In the late 1940s, the discipline of paleontology took major steps towards becoming more fully integrated into the community of evolutionary biology. Key to this process was the development of ... More


Complexities in Genome Structure and Evolution

Michael Purugganan

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the revolutionary impact of genomic science on the study of evolution, and addresses the issues that modern evolutionary biology has either learned or needs to grapple with in ... More


Phenotypic Plasticity

Massimo Pigliucci

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the possible role of phenotypic plasticity in macroevolution. It analyzes how evolutionary biologists are now using the concept of plasticity to expand the horizons of the ... More


Transgenerational Epigenetic Inheritance

Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reports the case of transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. It concentrates on developmental biology, in particular on molecular studies of epigenetics, and on one specific challenge: ... More


The Morphological Tradition in German Paleontology: Otto Jaekel, Walter Zimmermann, and Otto Schmdewolf

Manfred D. Laubichler and Karl J. Niklas

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines the important morphological tradition in German paleontology. It suggests that the pluralistic and biologically oriented German paleontology both predated and anticipated many ... More


Reconsidering the Importance of Chance Variation

John Beatty

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the relative roles of contingency and chance variation in evolutionary theory. It describes the tradition and line of reasoning, from Charles Darwin throughout the Modern ... More


Revisiting the Phenotypic Hierarchy in Hierarchy Theory

Silvia Caianiello

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The hierarchy theory at its onset was primarily committed to vindicate the distinctness of macro-evolutionary phenomena from micro-evolutionary processes, minimizing the explanatory relevance of ... More


Ecology and Evolution: Neither Separate nor Merged

Emanuele Serrelli and Ilya Tëmkin

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since the 1970s, frequent attempts were made to bridge the gap between ecology and evolution. Ecology was divided into community ecology, that studies the composition and assembly of populations, ... More


Introduction

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

in Stratigraphic Paleobiology: Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649375
eISBN:
9780226649399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

Stratigraphic paleobiology is built on the premise that the distribution of fossil taxa in time and space is controlled not only by processes of evolution, ecology, and environmental change, but also ... More


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