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The ACE Simulator and the Cybernetic Model

Michael Woodger

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the ACE simulator and the Cybernetic Model. The ACE simulator was a demonstration machine built as an aid to the visualization of binary operations. Designed by D. W. Davies ... More


A Proposed Model for Derivative Actions: the Functional and Focused Model (FFM)

Arad Reisberg

in Derivative Actions and Corporate Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199204892
eISBN:
9780191709487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204892.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter develops a model to analyse and explain the use of the derivative action referred to as the Functional and Focused Model (FFM). It is organized in two parts. Part A provides the setting. ... More


Concluding Observations

Chris Argyris

in Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes how readers can become more critical of the advice they read. The advice examined in the previous chapters contains four characteristics that limit both its validity and its ... More


THE UNITED STATES 2004 MODEL BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATY AND DENIAL OF JUSTICE IN INTERNATIONAL LAW

Stephen M. Schwebel

in International Investment Law for the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Christoph Schreuer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571345
eISBN:
9780191705472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571345.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Private International Law

In 2004, the United States government adopted and published a Model Bilateral Investment Treaty that substantially revised the Model Bilateral Investment Treaty previously employed by it in ... More


Introducing the Sinai Model for Reducing Health Disparities and Improving Health

Steven Whitman, Ami M. Shah, and Maureen R. Benjamins

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the events and lessons that led to the development of the Sinai Model for Reducing Health Disparities and Improving Health. The methods and experiences described in this book ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


Theory

Matthew Flinders

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter sets out the theoretical framework used in this book. This consists of three complementary theoretical approaches — the Westminster Model, Historical Institutionalism, and ... More


Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Jacques Thomassen and Hermann Schmitt

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Offers brief definitions of political representation and legitimacy: the former is loosely defined as the concept of representative democracy, including both the institutions of responsible ... More


Distinctiveness and Cohesion of Parties

Hermann Schmitt and Jacques Thomassen

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the first of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the first of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in this chapter) ... More


The Cognitive Basis of Voting

Wouter van der Brug and Cees van der Eijk

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the second of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the second of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in Ch. 6) to an ... More


Policy Preferences and Party Choice

Cees van der Eijk, Mark N. Franklin, and Wouter van der Brug

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the third of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the third of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in Ch. 6) to an ... More


Issue Congruence

Jacques Thomassen and Hermann Schmitt

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the fourth of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the last of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in Ch. 6) to an ... More


The Idea of the European Social Model: Limits and Paradoxes of Europeanization

Daniel Wincott

in The Politics of Europeanization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252091
eISBN:
9780191599224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252092.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Both positive and negative integration can produce Europeanization, but while the former, which generally implies the specification of a European model, is more likely to be politically loaded with ... More


Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Laurent Lellouch, Rainer Sommer, Benjamin Svetitsky, Anastassios Vladikas, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book is based on the lectures delivered at the XCIII Session of the ´Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in August, 2009. The aim of the event was to familiarize the new generation of Ph.D. ... More


C. S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy

Sanford Schwartz

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374728
eISBN:
9780199871506
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374728.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This study of C. S. Lewis’s popular Space Trilogy—Out of the Silent Planet (1938), Perelandra (1943), and That Hideous Strength (1945)—departs from the prevailing emphasis upon Lewis’s affection for ... More


Understanding Behavior Change: The Theory Behind Informing, Motivating, and Planning for Health

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical models that have guided thinking and research on health behavior change, providing a historical perspective on major developments in the field. Included in this ... More


Incoherence and Chauvinism

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter continues the investigation of how it is that Ronnie's desire explains his reason. The Standard Model for normative explanations is introduced by way of an illustration. The Standard ... More


Language

Keith Hossack

in The Metaphysics of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199206728
eISBN:
9780191709777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206728.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Faculty Model treats the acquisition of knowledge by testimony as similar to the acquisition of knowledge by perception. When one becomes aware of a fact κ by immediate visual perception, the ... More


Adaptationism, Culture, and the Malleability of Human Nature

Chandra Sekhar Sripada

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It is often thought that if an adaptationist explanation of some behavioural phenomenon is true, then this fact shows that a culturist explanation of the very same phenomenon is false, or else the ... More


Instrumental and Socioemotional Paths to Intergroup Reconciliation and the Needs-Based Model of Socioemotional Reconciliation

Arie Nadler and Nurit Shnabel

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter centers on processes of intergroup reconciliation and has three related goals. It begins with a definition of reconciliation, then considers the distinction between socioemotional and ... More


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