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Handbook of Jewish Literature from Late Antiquity, 135–700 CE

Eyal Ben-Eliyahu, Yehudah Cohn, and Fergus Millar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265222
eISBN:
9780191771873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265222.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

From major seminal works such as the Mishnah or the Palestinian and Babylonian Talmuds, to Biblical commentaries, translations of Biblical books into Aramaic or relatively little-known mystical, ... More


Composing the Tannaitic Oral‐Literary Tradition

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

While rabbinic texts represent halakhic tradition as a tradition transmitted by word of mouth, the surviving texts show many signs of having been composed in their extant form with the use of ... More


The Talmud as Conversation and Repository

Alexander Samely

in Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the literary features in the Babylonian Talmud. The Gemara's use of earlier rabbinic voices appears partly carefully orchestrated and partly merely accumulative. The lemmatic ... More


The Purity of the Second Temple in Rabbinic Literature

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines an array of rabbinic sources concerning the temple, including Mishnah, Midrash, and Talmud, drawing a number of contrasts with Qumran literature in particular. The Rabbis seem ... More


Oral and Written Texts

Alexander Samely

in Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Rabbinic documents present themselves to some extent as having their root in the oral transmission of information. This chapter attempts to summarize some important aspects of the rabbis' own ... More


Talmudic Texts

Eyal Ben-Eliyahu, Yehudah Cohn, and Fergus Millar

in Handbook of Jewish Literature from Late Antiquity, 135–700 CE

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265222
eISBN:
9780191771873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265222.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter describes the following Talmudic texts: the Mishnah; the Tosefta; the Talmud Yerushalmi/Palestinian Talmud; the Talmud Bavli/Babylonian Talmud; Minor Tractates; and external tractates ... More


Jewish Animal Sacrifice in the Period 100 bc–ad 200

Maria‐Zoe Petropoulou

in Animal Sacrifice in Ancient Greek Religion, Judaism, and Christianity, 100 BC to AD 200

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199218547
eISBN:
9780191711503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218547.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The chapter discusses animal sacrifice in the Jerusalem Temple based on sources from the late Second Temple period, that is Philo and Josephus, and of the Mishnah. Animal sacrifice shaped Philo's ... More


Introduction

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Introduces key technical terms referring to the composition and transmission of oral tradition, and proposes a general theoretical model for studying the various elements of Jewish oral tradition in ... More


Tannaitic Tradition as an Object of Rabbinic Reflection

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies the representations of the oral nature of rabbinic law (halakhah) and text‐interpretive tradition as found in the earliest extant rabbinic literary sources: the Mishnah and the ... More


The Rabbinic Calendar: Development and History

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The calendar described in the Mishnah and Tosefta (early third century c.e.) is purely empirical, both in its intercalation procedure and in its determination of the new moon. But in the Amoraic ... More


Ritualization and Redemption: Mishnah Sandhedrin Chapter Six

Beth A. Berkowitz

in Execution and Invention: Death Penalty Discourse in Early Rabbinic and Christian Cultures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195179194
eISBN:
9780199784509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195179196.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter looks at the laws of rabbinic criminal execution as a ritual narrative and interprets that ritual, paying close attention to the way it constructs space and speech. It shows that the ... More


Performing Execution, Part 2: The Relatives and the Rabbis

Beth A. Berkowitz

in Execution and Invention: Death Penalty Discourse in Early Rabbinic and Christian Cultures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195179194
eISBN:
9780199784509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195179196.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter completes the study of the cast of characters found in rabbinic execution, turning attention to the criminal’s relatives and to the role of the Rabbis themselves. In exploring the part ... More


Don’t Cry Over Spilled Blood

Kathryn McClymond

in Ancient Mediterranean Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738960
eISBN:
9780199918676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738960.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

Writing long after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple, the compilers of the Mishnah (ca. 220 CE) nevertheless included several instructions regarding the remedies appropriate to various ... More


Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture in the Mishnah

Alexander Samely

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198270317
eISBN:
9780191683978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270317.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

This book offers a description of early rabbinic hermeneutics (midrash) as it can be reconstructed from the Mishnah (3rd century CE). The argument is based on a survey of all passages of biblical ... More


Purity, Body, and Self in Early Rabbinic Literature

Mira Balberg

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520280632
eISBN:
9780520958210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280632.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book explores the ways in which the early rabbis reshaped and reinvented the biblical laws of ritual purity and impurity, and it argues that the purity discourse that the rabbis created ... More


Blood for Thought: The Reinvention of Sacrifice in Early Rabbinic Literature

Mira Balberg

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520295926
eISBN:
9780520968660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295926.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Blood for Thought delves into a relatively unexplored area of classical rabbinic literature: the vast corpus of laws, regulations, and instructions pertaining to sacrificial rituals. The book traces ... More


Rabbis in Palestine: Texts, Origins, Development

Hayim Lapin

in Rabbis as Romans: The Rabbinic Movement in Palestine, 100-400 CE

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195179309
eISBN:
9780199950355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179309.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter surveys the contents of the rabbinic canon for two purposes. First, much of the argument of the book draws on the contents of these works, so that a historically grounded understanding ... More


Rabbinic Responses to War's Failure

Reuven Firestone

in Holy War in Judaism: The Fall and Rise of a Controversial Idea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860302
eISBN:
9780199950621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860302.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In the wake of the Destruction rose a new class of Jewish leadership in the rabbis. This chapter discusses the emergence and dominance of Rabbinic Judaism and its sacred literature after the ... More


Missing Persons

Mira Balberg

in Blood for Thought: The Reinvention of Sacrifice in Early Rabbinic Literature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520295926
eISBN:
9780520968660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295926.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The first chapter aims to reconstruct the rabbinic paradigm of sacrifice as a religious practice, and to examine how the rabbis understand the workings and value of the sacrificial process. Its point ... More


Ordinary Miracles

Mira Balberg

in Blood for Thought: The Reinvention of Sacrifice in Early Rabbinic Literature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520295926
eISBN:
9780520968660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295926.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The chapter focuses on two expansive ritual narratives that pertain specifically to sacrificial procedures in the temple: the account of the daily morning ritual in tractate Tamid and the account of ... More


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