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Biochronology, Faunal Turnover, and Evolution

Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Tim White, Raymond L. Bernor, Lorenzo Rook, and Elisabeth S. Vrba

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Middle Awash late Miocene faunal assemblages document diverse evolutionary trajectories for mammalian species across the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. The assemblages indicate a number of ... More


Introduction

Yohannes Haile-Selassie and Giday Woldegabriel

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book addresses the geology, geochronology, paleontology, paleogeography, paleobiochronology, and paleoecology of the Middle Awash late Miocene. It synthesizes vertebrate evolution in eastern ... More


Carnivora

Yohannes Haile-Selassie and F. Clark Howell

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the Middle Awash carnivore fauna, which represents one of the most diverse in the latest Miocene of eastern Africa. At least 15 genera in seven families are recognized from the ... More


Suidae

Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the phylogenetic relationships among African suids. It describes cranial and dentognathic suid remains from the late Miocene of the Middle Awash study area. The available ... More


Equidae

Raymond L. Bernor and Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the hipparionine horses of the Eurygnathohippus clade from the Middle Awash late Miocene. It presents the morphological description and statistical analysis of the Middle Awash ... More


Conclusions

Yohannes Haile-Selassie and Giday Woldegabriel

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter summarizes the importance of the Middle Awash late Miocene faunal assemblages in terms of their contribution toward our understanding of the diversity, evolutionary history, ... More


Paleobiogeography

Raymond L. Bernor, Lorenzo Rook, and Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter conducts comparative biogeographic analyses to examine how much the Middle Awash fauna resembles faunas from other localities of similar age at the genus level. The results indicate that ... More


Paleoenvironment

Denise F. Su, Stanley H. Ambrose, David Degusta, and Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the paleoenvironment of the Middle Awash study area in the Afar Rift of Ethiopia. Different aspects of the large mammalian faunal communities from the Asa Koma and Kuseralee ... More


Small Mammals

Henry B. Wesselman, Michael T. Black, and Mesfin Asnake

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the systematics and paleoecology of the small mammals recovered in fossiliferous localities of the Adu-Asa Formation. The micromammalian fauna from the late Miocene of the ... More


Cercopithecidae

Stephen R. Frost, Yohannes Haile-Selassie, and Leslea Hlusko

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the cercopithecid fossils recovered from the late Miocene sediments of the western margin and Central Awash Complex (CAC) of the Middle Awash. Cercopithecids in the Adu-Asa ... More


Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Yohannes Haile-Selassie (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The second volume in a series dedicated to fossil discoveries made in the Afar region of Ethiopia, this work contains description of the geological context and paleoenvironment of the early hominid ... More


Volcanic Record of the Adu-Asa Formation

William K. Hart, Giday Woldegabriel, Yohannes Haile-Selassie, and Paul R. Renne

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the Mio-Pliocene volcanic materials exposed along the western margin of the Middle Awash area, with a primary focus on the late Miocene deposits of the Adu-Asa Formation. The ... More


Giraffi dae

Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the giraffid remains in the Middle Awash late Miocene deposits. The family Giraffidae is represented by two modern genera (Okapia and Giraffa) in Africa. Giraffids first appear ... More


Tubulidentata

Thomas Lehmann

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Tubulidentata is currently represented by a single extant species—Orycteropus afer, the aardvark. They are the largest African anteaters. This chapter focuses on the identification and description of ... More


Geochronology

Paul R. Renne, Leah E. Morgan, Giday Woldegabriel, William K. Hart, and Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

40Ar/39Ar dating has been applied extensively to volcanic units of late Miocene to Pleistocene age in the Middle Awash study area, and is the most important dating method applied to these deposits. ... More


Homo erectus: Pleistocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

W. Henry Gilbert (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251205
eISBN:
9780520933774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251205.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book, the first in a series devoted to the paleoanthropological resources of the Middle Awash Valley of Ethiopia, studies Homo erectus, a close relative of Homo sapiens. It provides detailed ... More


Rhinocerotidae

Ioannis X. Giaourtsakis, Cesur Pehlevan, and Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the Rhinocerotid remains in the Middle Awash late Miocene. During the Miocene, fossil rhinoceroses were diverse and widespread in Africa. At least five different lineages ... More


Hominidae

Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Gen Suwa, and Tim White

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Recent discoveries of hominid remains older than 5 Ma have afforded new perspectives on the origin of the hominid clade. This chapter describes and assesses the key evidence bearing on these ... More


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