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What Do Reasons Do?

Jonathan Dancy

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the issue of how we are to understand ‘contributory reasons’, particularly as they are related to oughts. It begins by rehearsing six proposals for understanding contributory ... More


Moral Action: Motivation, Normativity, and Autonomous Willing

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 3 focuses on moral action and its conditions. It fulfils both a negative and a positive task. The negative task consists in contextualizing the questions of moral psychology, which have ... More


Causal Theories and Conceptual Analyses

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Nature of Normativity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers two other rival accounts of normative statements. First, it considers the account of ‘Cornell moral realism’ which is based on applying the causal theory of reference to ... More


Desire and Belief

Rüdiger Bittner

in Doing Things for Reasons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines the desire‐belief‐theory, as presented, for example, in the work of Donald Davidson, which holds that a reason for which somebody does something is a combination of a desire and a belief of ... More


Is It Irrational to Be Amoral?: How Psychopaths Threaten Moral Rationalism

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral rationalism provides one prominent way of securing moral objectivism. If morality derives from reason, then morality might enjoy an objective basis. In this chapter, two rationalist claims are ... More


Non‐Teleological Explanations of Actions

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There are well‐known arguments in favour of the idea that explanations of actions are at bottom non‐teleological. Michael Smith's ‘direction‐of‐fit’ argument entails this, and both Davidson and ... More


THE DESIRE RELATIVITY OF VALUE

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter supplies a subjectivist definition of intrinsic value in terms of what satisfies intrinsic desires in a specified sense, and of derivative value by reference to intrinsic value. Other ... More


Akratic Freedom?

Neil Levy

in Hard Luck: How Luck Undermines Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199601387
eISBN:
9780191729256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601387.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 5 argued that agents are not blameworthy for wrongful actions when they genuinely believe them to be best, all things considered, and are not culpable for that belief. It follows that blame ... More


The Standard Story of Action : An Exchange (2)

Hornsby Jennifer

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is a response to the arguments presented in the previous one. The previous chapter’s criticisms were directed against philosophers who argue that deficiencies in the standard story of ... More


Twenty-First-Century Writers: The Rural Southern Tradition Continues

Jean W. Cash

in Rough South, Rural South: Region and Class in Recent Southern Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496802330
eISBN:
9781496804990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802330.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter focuses on twenty-first-century writers who carry on the rural southern tradition in their work. Since 2000, several young southern writers, nearly all born after 1975 and from ... More


Do the Desires of Rational Agents Converge?

David Sobel

in From Valuing to Value: Towards a Defense of Subjectivism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198712640
eISBN:
9780191780998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712640.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter I defend subjectivism from the charge that unless everyone would value similarly, when rational, such desires must be problematically arbitrary and could not provide reasons. Michael ... More


The Motivating Power of the A Priori Obvious

Ram Neta

in The Many Moral Rationalisms

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198797074
eISBN:
9780191858291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797074.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How does moral reasoning motivate? Michael Smith argues that it does so by rationally constraining us to have desires that motivate, but the plausibility of his argument rests on a false assumption ... More


English Catholicism reconsidered: Beyond ‘ghettos’ and ‘golden ages’

Alana Harris

in Faith in the family: A lived religious history of English Catholicism, 1945-82

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780719085741
eISBN:
9781781706503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085741.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter provides an overview of the socio-economic status and cultural identity of English Catholics in British society after the Second World War, surveying the existing histories of English ... More


Conceptual Analysis and Philosophical Naturalism

David Braddon-Mitchell and Robert Nola (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012560
eISBN:
9780262255202
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012560.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Many philosophical naturalists eschew analysis in favor of discovering metaphysical truths from the a posteriori, contending that analysis does not lead to philosophical insight. A countercurrent to ... More


Philip Pettit

Nathaniel Jason Goldberg

in Kantian Conceptual Geography

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190215385
eISBN:
9780190215408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215385.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter Two focuses on Philip Pettit, who stands out among nearly all his analytic peers for range of research, including not merely epistemology, philosophy of language, and metaphysics, but also ... More


Against Direction of Fit Accounts of Belief and Desire: Co-authored with David Copp

David Sobel

in From Valuing to Value: Towards a Defense of Subjectivism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198712640
eISBN:
9780191780998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712640.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter David Copp and I argue that the direction of fit metaphor is limited in providing an account of beliefs and desires. The metaphor is given its most rigorous analysis by Michael Smith; ... More


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