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Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Maximilian J. Telford and D.T.J. Littlewood (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Animal life, now and over the past half billion years, is incredibly diverse. Describing and understanding the evolution of this diversity of body plans — from vertebrates such as humans and fish to ... More


Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Alessandro Minelli

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Animal phylogeny is currently undergoing a major revolution due to the availability of an exponentially increasing amount of molecular data and the application of novel methods of phylogenetic ... More


The earliest fossil record of the animals and its significance

Graham E. Budd

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

The fossil record of the earliest animals has been enlivened in recent years by a series of spectacular discoveries, including embryos, from the Ediacaran to the Cambrian, but many issues, not least ... More


Assembling the spiralian tree of life

Gonzalo Giribet, Casey W. Dunn, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Andreas Hejnol, Mark Q. Martindale, and Greg W. Rouse

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

The advent of numerical methods for analyzing phylogenetic relationships, along with the study of morphology and molecular data, have driven our understanding of animal relationships for the past ... More


Invertebrate Problematica: kinds, causes, and solutions

Ronald A. Jenner, D. Timothy, and J. Littlewood

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Problematica are taxa that defy robust phylogenetic placement. Traditionally the term was restricted to fossil forms, but it is clear that extant taxa may be just as difficult to place, whether using ... More


The animal in the genome: comparative genomics and evolution

Richard R. Copley

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Comparisons between completely sequenced metazoan genomes have generally emphasized how similar their encoded protein content is, even when the comparison is between phyla. Given the manifest ... More


MicroRNAs and metazoan phylogeny: big trees from little genes

Erik A. Sperling and Kevin J. Peterson

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Understanding the evolution of a clade, from either a morphologic or genomic perspective, first and foremost requires a correct phylogenetic tree topology. This allows for the polarization of traits ... More


Ice surface environments

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on ice shelves, supraglacial habitats (snow, supraglacial lakes, cryoconites holes), and other debris habitats including the ice margin. It discusses the nature of mat ... More


ANIMALIA (METAZOA)

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

In Systema Naturæ (1735, 1758), Carolus Linnaeus proposed a definition of the Kingdom Animalia: natural objects that grow, live, and sense. In contrast, plants grow and live but do not sense, while ... More


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