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Cogito?: Descartes and Thinking the World

Joseph Almog

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195337716
eISBN:
9780199868704
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Decartes' maxim Cogito, Ergo Sum (from his Meditations) is perhaps the most famous philosophical expression ever coined. The author of this book, Joseph Almog, is a Descartes scholar whose last book ... More


Pharoah's Tale

Williams Martin

in Jazz Changes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195083491
eISBN:
9780199853205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083491.003.0015
Subject:
Music, Popular

Pharoah Sanders was a Grammy Award winner American jazz saxophonist. He was tagged as the “best tenor player in the world” by the great Ornette Coleman. He was famous for his harmonic and multiphonic ... More


Synopsis: The Thinking-Man Paradox

Joseph Almog

in Cogito?: Descartes and Thinking the World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195337716
eISBN:
9780199868704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337716.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins with a discussion of Descartes' proposition, Cogito or in English, I think, and his “thinking-man paradox”. It explains the focus of the book, which is the predicate (verb) of the ... More


Thinking about God (and Nature-as-a-Whole)

Joseph Almog

in Cogito?: Descartes and Thinking the World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195337716
eISBN:
9780199868704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337716.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Descartes' view of another single thinking fact: thinking of God. Central to Descartes' account in Meditation III of thinking of God is an attempt to prove from (i) this ... More


Privileged Access and the Mark of the Mental

Katalin Farkas

in The Subject's Point of View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Our conception of the mind is essentially shaped by the Cartesian theory, and this book suggests this should be embraced, rather than overthrown. The chapter argues that we can abstract a method for ... More


Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Ronald Rubin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book attempts to explain The Meditations (1641), a classic of Western philosophy in which Descartes tries to reach a predetermined end (“perfect certainty”) by means of a definite method (“the ... More


Introduction

Emily R. Grosholz

in Cartesian Method and the Problem of Reduction

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242505
eISBN:
9780191680502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242505.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Descartes was not only a philosopher, but a mathematician and physicist as well. Over the centuries and with currently renewed intensity, his ... More


The Meditations Re-examined

Emily R. Grosholz

in Cartesian Method and the Problem of Reduction

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242505
eISBN:
9780191680502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242505.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter re-examines the argument of the Meditations, attempting to do justice to its coherence within its historical situation and revealing ... More


Reading Descartes Otherwise: Blind, Mad, Dreamy, and Bad

Kyoo Lee

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823244843
eISBN:
9780823250738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244843.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Focusing on the first four images of the Other mobilized in René Descartes’ Meditations—namely, the blind, the mad, the dreamy, and the bad—Reading Descartes Otherwise casts light on what have ... More


The Cogito: Privileged Truth or Exemplary Truth?

Michelle Beyssade

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes how Descartes, after having gained the certainty of his existence as a thinking thing, derived from this first knowledge the general rule that allows him to become certain of ... More


Ego Sum

Jean-Luc Nancy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270613
eISBN:
9780823270651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Published in 1979, Ego sum challenges, through a careful and unprecedented reading of Descartes’s writings, the picture of Descartes as the father of modern philosophy: the thinker who founded the ... More


The Defence of Natural Philosophy 1640–1644

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses the Meditationes, its reception, and Descartes's response. In this work, Descartes avoided theological questions (except for the doctrine of transubstantiation). Describes the structure of ... More


Self Knowledge and the Rule of Truth

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Basic Cartesian intuitions are directed at simple natures, not truths; but intuitions are also a foundation for propositional knowledge. There are two basic objectives of this chapter: (1) to show ... More


Causes, Existence, and Ideas

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There are two main formulations of a key causal principle in the Cartesian a priori philosophical system: one, present in Meditation III, says that the cause of the representational content ... More


The Sense Experience of Primary Qualities

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It seems undeniable that we have both sense experience of primary qualities and sense experience of secondary qualities, and yet, based on a text in the Sixth Replies among others, many commentators ... More


The Theory of Natural Knowledge

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Cartesian epistemology comprises three main divisions: (1) an a priori theory, discussed in Chs. 1–3, (2) a psychological theory of error explanations in judgment induced by features of our sense ... More


The Janus‐Faced Theory of Ideas of the Senses

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The leading idea of this chapter is that, for Descartes, intellectual ideas make it obvious what metaphysical category the properties they disclose to the mind fall into but not whether they are ... More


The Years of Consolidation 1634–1640

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses various works of Descartes's and their reception, including objections to them and his response to those objections. Météors deals with meteorology, which includes a corpuscular model of ... More


Malebranche: Vision in God and Occasionalism

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is characteristic of both occasionalism and vision in God that they place man in a condition of extreme dependence on God; indeed, they might be seen respectively as ontological and ... More


Cartesian Substances

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter locates Descartes's theory of substance in the context of its scholastic background. It argues that the wax passage from the Meditations should be read as an argument for an enduring ... More


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