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Black Bile and Melancholia: Avicenna

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Avicenna's discussion of melancholy. Avicenna is the Latinized form of the Arabic Ibn Sina, an abbreviation of Abu Ali al Husain ibn Abd, Allah ib Sina. Avicenna lived between ... More


 The Second Rationality

Ariel Glucklich

in The Footsteps of Vishnu: A Historical Introduction to Hinduism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195314052
eISBN:
9780199871766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314052.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter sets aside the work of the intellectual and cultural elites. It identifies the cultural productivity of the lower classes of Hindu society, including women, low castes, magicians and ... More


Weill Cornell Medicine: A History of Cornell's Medical School

Antonio M. Jr., MD Gotto and Jennifer Moon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702136
eISBN:
9781501703676
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702136.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This book is a story of continuity and transformation. Cornell medical school has been a leader in education, patient care, and research—from its founding as Cornell University Medical College in ... More


Personalized Medicine and Integrative Neuroscience: Toward Consensus Markers for Disorders of Brain Health

Leanne M. Williams and Evian Gordon

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the emerging new paradigm of “Personalized Medicine,” the goal is to shift the treatment for brain-related illness from trial and error into a bull’s-eye. To date, much of the research in ... More


Pathology, physiology, and race

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The final chapter of Part I examines the relationships between pathology, nervous physiology, and notions of race during the early nineteenth century. The chapter is divided between British India and ... More


Between Observation and Spectatorship: Medicine, Movies, and Mass Culture

Scott Curtis

in The Shape of Spectatorship: Art, Science, and Early Cinema in Germany

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231134033
eISBN:
9780231508636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231134033.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter Two examines the use of film as a medical research tool in Germany from the 1890s to 1914. It argues that the advocacy and use of film by medical researchers displayed their ideals and ... More


Value-free Biology and Cultural Interpretation

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0081
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter throws light on the interpretation of Western medicine by the Chinese. The Chinese, influenced by the Confucians' early intervention maxims, did not like the concept of the powers of ... More


Xu Dachun, Giovanni Morgagni, and Intra-abdominal Abscesses

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0060
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter studies the observers from China who expressed that they could gain insight in the interior of the human without opening the body. They found the answer instead of in the body, in old ... More


A Vision of Unity over All Diversity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0099
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The world of today is at the forefront of development. The past has shown that there is first a model image and then a body image. Now, the two images fit together like mirror images. The new image ... More


History of problem-based learning in medical education

Harry Hillen, Albert Scherpbier, and Wynand Wijnen

in Lessons from Problem-based Learning

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583447
eISBN:
9780191594519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583447.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The Faculty of Medicine was founded in 1974, as the first faculty of the new University of Maastricht. From the outset, problem-based learning (PBL) has been the trademark of the university and the ... More


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