Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 158 items

  • Keywords: Medicine x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Black Bile and Melancholia: Avicenna

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Avicenna's discussion of melancholy. Avicenna is the Latinized form of the Arabic Ibn Sina, an abbreviation of Abu Ali al Husain ibn Abd, Allah ib Sina. Avicenna lived between ... More


Prescription for Change: The Looming Crisis in Drug Development

Michael Kinch

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630625
eISBN:
9781469630649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630625.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The introduction of new medicines has dramatically improved the quantity and quality of individual and public health while contributing trillions of dollars to the global economy. In spite of these ... More


 The Second Rationality

Ariel Glucklich

in The Footsteps of Vishnu: A Historical Introduction to Hinduism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195314052
eISBN:
9780199871766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314052.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter sets aside the work of the intellectual and cultural elites. It identifies the cultural productivity of the lower classes of Hindu society, including women, low castes, magicians and ... More


Value-free Biology and Cultural Interpretation

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0081
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter throws light on the interpretation of Western medicine by the Chinese. The Chinese, influenced by the Confucians' early intervention maxims, did not like the concept of the powers of ... More


Personalized Medicine and Integrative Neuroscience: Toward Consensus Markers for Disorders of Brain Health

Leanne M. Williams and Evian Gordon

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the emerging new paradigm of “Personalized Medicine,” the goal is to shift the treatment for brain-related illness from trial and error into a bull’s-eye. To date, much of the research in ... More


Weill Cornell Medicine: A History of Cornell's Medical School

Antonio M. Jr., MD Gotto and Jennifer Moon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702136
eISBN:
9781501703676
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702136.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This book is a story of continuity and transformation. Cornell medical school has been a leader in education, patient care, and research—from its founding as Cornell University Medical College in ... More


Xu Dachun, Giovanni Morgagni, and Intra-abdominal Abscesses

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0060
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter studies the observers from China who expressed that they could gain insight in the interior of the human without opening the body. They found the answer instead of in the body, in old ... More


A Vision of Unity over All Diversity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0099
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The world of today is at the forefront of development. The past has shown that there is first a model image and then a body image. Now, the two images fit together like mirror images. The new image ... More


Pathology, physiology, and race

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The final chapter of Part I examines the relationships between pathology, nervous physiology, and notions of race during the early nineteenth century. The chapter is divided between British India and ... More


Between Observation and Spectatorship: Medicine, Movies, and Mass Culture

Scott Curtis

in The Shape of Spectatorship: Art, Science, and Early Cinema in Germany

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231134033
eISBN:
9780231508636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231134033.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter Two examines the use of film as a medical research tool in Germany from the 1890s to 1914. It argues that the advocacy and use of film by medical researchers displayed their ideals and ... More


Beyond the State: The colonial medical service in British Africa

Anna Greenwood (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719089671
eISBN:
9781526104366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089671.001.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

A collection of essays about the Colonial Medical Service of Africa in which a group of distinguished colonial historians illustrate the diversity and active collaborations to be found in the untidy ... More


Diagnosing Folklore: Perspectives on Disability, Health, and Trauma

Trevor J. Blank and Andrea Kitta (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496804259
eISBN:
9781496804297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496804259.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Mythology and Folklore

Diagnosing Folklore aspires to provide an inclusive forum for an expansive conversation on the sensitive, raw, and powerful processes that shape and imbue meaning in the lives of individuals and ... More


History of problem-based learning in medical education

Harry Hillen, Albert Scherpbier, and Wynand Wijnen

in Lessons from Problem-based Learning

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583447
eISBN:
9780191594519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583447.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The Faculty of Medicine was founded in 1974, as the first faculty of the new University of Maastricht. From the outset, problem-based learning (PBL) has been the trademark of the university and the ... More


The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Stephen T. Casper

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Since the 1990s, the English-speaking world has seen the rise of a neuroculture derived from neurology and neuroscience. The Neurologists is a book that asks how did we arrive at this moment? What is ... More


Afflicted: How Vulnerability Can Heal Medical Education and Practice

Nicole M. Piemonte

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037396
eISBN:
9780262344968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037396.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

While many commentators have pointed to the lack of compassion and empathy in medicine, their critiques, for the most part, have not considered seriously the deeper philosophical, psychological, and ... More


Gender, Health, and History in Modern East Asia

Angela Ki Che Leung and Izumi Nakayama (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9789888390908
eISBN:
9789888455096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390908.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This volume explores gender and health in the East Asian region during the long twentieth century. The nine chapters represent cases studies from China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan, with ... More


Crowdsourced Health: How What You Do on the Internet Will Improve Medicine

Elad Yom-Tov

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034500
eISBN:
9780262334808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034500.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This book shows how data people leave on the Internet is being employed to answer questions of health and medicine. When we use search engines such as Google or Bing, post messages on social ... More


Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

R. J. Hankinson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this book, R. J. Hankinson traces the history of investigation into the nature of cause and explanation, from the beginnings of Ancient Greek philosophy in 600 bc, through the Graeco‐Roman world, ... More


Irish Women in Medicine, c. 1880s-1920s: Origins, Education and Careers

Laura Kelly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780719088353
eISBN:
9781781704622
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088353.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book is the first comprehensive history of Irish women in medicine in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It focuses on the debates surrounding women's admission to Irish medical ... More


Feminine missionary medical professionalism and secular medical feminists, 1880–1927

Tim Allender

in Learning Femininity In Colonial India, 1820-1932

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719085796
eISBN:
9781526104298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085796.003.0006
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter examines how missionary education feminised medical learning outcomes in India. Male medical colleges in each major Indian province were citadels that were cleverly infiltrated by female ... More


View: