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Reflating Europe with the Marshall Plan

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America: Europe and the Challenge of the Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198228790
eISBN:
9780191741739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter summarises the far and near origins of the Marshall Plan project, and the American and European contexts in which it was born and developed. Emphasises the evolution of the Plan in ... More


Americanization: Ideology or Process? The Case of the United States Technical Assistance and Productivity Programme

Jacqueline McGlade

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the New Left argument that the Marshall Plan evolved out of the corporatist framework of American foreign economic policy-making set before the Second World War. It also ... More


Remodelling the Italian Steel Industry: Americanization, Modernization, and Mass Production

Ruggero Ranieri

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter discusses the impact of American industrial practices on the Italian steel industry in the post-war period. The chapter is organized into three sections. Firstly the chapter provides ... More


Debate on the economic consequences of peacetime

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Peace is not only difficult to build, but, like war, it has important economic and financial consequences. Unlike the post-World War periods when policymakers, scholars, and practitioners debated the ... More


Exporting the American Model: The Post-War Transformation of European Business

Marie-Laure Djelic

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293170
eISBN:
9780191684968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293170.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Corporate Governance and Accountability

The author explores the convergent and divergent trends in the evolution of business systems and organization in Western Europe in the post-war period. She examines in ... More


Taking off the Gloves

Anne Deighton

in The Impossible Peace: Britain, the Division of Germany, and the Origins of the Cold War

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278986
eISBN:
9780191684272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278986.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

On June 5, 1947, George Marshall delivered a historic speech offering American aid to any European government willing to assist in the task of European recovery, and adding that any government which ... More


The Marshall Plan in Action, 1949–1950

Bruce L. R. Smith

in Lincoln Gordon: Architect of Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813156552
eISBN:
9780813165455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813156552.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

Gordon is back at his teaching duties in January 1948 but continues to work with his colleagues in the State Department on European recovery. He was forewarned by his friend Richard Bissell that Paul ... More


Europe’s American Idol

Joseph M. Parent

in Uniting States: Voluntary Union in World Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199782192
eISBN:
9780199919147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782192.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates the prospects for Europe to truly unify and form a pole in the international system. It tracks the ebb and flow of European integration from the Concert of Europe to 2010. ... More


Coalitional Hegemony: Pax Americana 1945–1971

Ian Clark

in Hegemony in International Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556267
eISBN:
9780191725609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556267.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The final historical case is that of Pax Americana, the supposed role of the USA as a hegemon after 1945. The central argument is that if that were so, the USA was a hegemon in only part of the ... More


Wall Street Is in the Saddle: Henry Wallace's Critique of Containment

Thomas W. Devine

in Henry Wallace's 1948 Presidential Campaign and the Future of Postwar Liberalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469602035
eISBN:
9781469607924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469602035.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes how Wallace's views, particularly on foreign policy, came under closer scrutiny as the New Party's fortunes appeared to be on the upswing. Since late 1947, the former vice ... More


“A Campaign of Truth”: Marshall Plan Films in Greece

Katerina Loukopoulou

in Cinema's Military Industrial Complex

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520291508
eISBN:
9780520965263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291508.003.0018
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter, by Katarina Loukopoulou, discusses the Marshall Plan (MP) documentary films about Greece in the post–World War II geopolitical context. Drawing on archival research, it explores ... More


The Social Market and the Crisis in the German Economy, 1947–1948

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the German economic and political crisis and the social market situation during the 1947–8 period. Modern industry suffered during the crisis period due to a concentration of ... More


Aid and Democracy

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Could Spain participate in the Marshall Plan while at the same time it was politically otracized at the United Nations? While the State Department monitored warily the fortunes of the monarchists, ... More


The Senator as Statesman, 1947–1948

Lawrence S. Kaplan

in The Conversion of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg: From Isolation to International Engagement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813160559
eISBN:
9780813165493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160559.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter details Vandenberg’s positions on UN policies, the reconstruction of Western Europe, and suppression of the Soviets. He knew that the future of the UN depended on ongoing relations ... More


Birth of the Marshall Plan, 1947–1948

Bruce L. R. Smith

in Lincoln Gordon: Architect of Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813156552
eISBN:
9780813165455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813156552.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

In the spring of 1947 Gordon becomes active with some Harvard colleagues in the cause of European recovery and gives some speeches to local civic groups. He does not attend Secretary of State George ... More


Conclusion

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The particular circumstances of the Cold War that swiftly succeeded World War II highlighted the problem of an unpalatable regime in a country with a desirable attribute, in this case, Spain's ... More


The Conversion of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg: From Isolation to International Engagement

Lawrence S. Kaplan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813160559
eISBN:
9780813165493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160559.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book argues for the importance of Arthur H. Vandenberg’s role in America’s conversion to a new status in the world, placing Vandenberg’s name alongside other influential figures such as George ... More


Cold War and the Fear of Subversion

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

Post-war Western Europe converged towards an American model of high-wage consumerist capitalism, considerably attenuating class conflict. In Western Europe, Christian democracy and Social Democracy ... More


The Cotton Lobby and the Spanish Loan

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

A key domestic issue in the United States in 1949 was the continuing post-war overproduction of commodities in a world of increased competition, especially American cotton. This problem focused ... More


Epilogue: The Past and the Present

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter contrasts the consequences of the First and Second World Wars. It starts by reviewing the cooperation among the Allies during and following the Second World War: Lend-Lease, the Bretton ... More


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