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Marcus Garvey and the Politics of Revitalization

Lawrence W. Levine

in The Unpredictable Past: Explorations in American Cultural History

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195082975
eISBN:
9780199854035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082975.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The chapter discusses the life and work of Marcus Garvey as he influenced the politics of revitalization though he was not the only force for black revitalization in the 1920s. The black writers of ... More


Introduction

Adam Ewing

in The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter briefly presents some new perspectives on Garveyism. Though commonly recognized as one of the most important phenomena in the history of the African diaspora, observers of ... More


The Education of Marcus Mosiah Garvey

Adam Ewing

in The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter contends that the education of Marcus Garvey was both grounded in the decades-old discourse of global pan-Africanism and shaped by the ferment of his era. His youthful experiences and ... More


“His Failure Will Be Theirs”: Why the Black Elite Resisted Garveyism and Embraced Ethiopia

Alvin B. Tillery

in Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448973
eISBN:
9780801461019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448973.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the ways that black elites responded to Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) movement and the grassroots protest movement that emerged in black ... More


“Garvey’s Ghost”: Life after Death1

Tammy L. Brown

in City of Islands: Caribbean Intellectuals in New York

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781628462265
eISBN:
9781626746435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462265.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The legacy of Jamaican-born black nationalist political leader Marcus Garvey haunts the cultural landscape of black thought and artistic production from the 1920s to the present. In turn, ... More


The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Adam Ewing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Jamaican activist Marcus Garvey (1887–1940) organized the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Harlem in 1917. By the early 1920s, his program of African liberation and racial uplift had ... More


“I’m Not a Businessman, I’m a Business, Man”: A Hip-Hop Genealogy of Black Entrepreneurship

Simone C. Drake

in When We Imagine Grace: Black Men and Subject Making

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226363837
eISBN:
9780226364025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226364025.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter charts a genealogy of black men’s urban business practices in relationship to citizenship and the law. Focusing on Marcus Garvey, Berry Gordy, and Jay-Z (aka Shawn Carter), this chapter ... More


un Dios, Un Fin, Un Destino: Enacting Diaspora in the Garvey Movement

Frank Andre Guridy

in Forging Diaspora: Afro-Cubans and African Americans in a World of Empire and Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807833612
eISBN:
9781469604060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895979_guridy.6
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the forging of diasporic relationships in the 1920s within the context of Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). It views the organization as a ... More


Appeal

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.9
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the Universal Negro Improvement Association's (UNIA) appeal to members in the rural South, focusing on Southwest Georgia, the Arkansas Delta, and the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. ... More


We Depend on Others Too Much: Garveyism and Labor Radicalism in the Caribbean Basin

Frederick Douglass Opie

in Black Labor Migration in Caribbean Guatemala, 1882–1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033716
eISBN:
9780813038735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033716.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter investigates the organization of the black Caribbean coast under the influence of Garveyism. Starting in the 1920s, Marcus Garvey's followers founded local branches of the Universal ... More


The construction of a socio-political memory

Sarah Dayens

in Time and Memory in Reggae Music: The Politics of Hope

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076213
eISBN:
9781781702116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076213.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Reggae music expresses a central will: the recognition of a history of struggle – against slavery, segregation and colonisation – which is logically attached to Jamaica, but also goes beyond its ... More


Garvey in Oz: The International Black Influence on Australian Aboriginal Political Activism

John Maynard

in Anywhere But Here: Black Intellectuals in the Atlantic World and Beyond

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781628461558
eISBN:
9781626740839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461558.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

John Maynard discusses “Garvey in Oz: The International Black Influence on Australian Aboriginal Political Activism,” which brings to light the power of an historic exchange between West Indian ... More


Introduction: Rediscovering Southern Garveyism

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.4
Subject:
History, African-American History

Garveyism was an ideology spread by Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican of African ancestry, during World War I while promoting the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) as a global organization with ... More


Growth

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.7
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the structure of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in the South on a state-by-state basis. It documents the spread of UNIA divisions, both geographically and ... More


Lessons

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the early experiences of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Virginia, Florida, and North Carolina, and its success in organizing the urban South. In ... More


A Man Without A Country

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0021
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the editorial, “A Man without a Country,” where Fortune makes it clear that while the goal of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and Marcus Garvey may have been ... More


Africa for Africans and Asia for Asians: Japanese Pan-Asianism and its Impact in the Post–World War I Era

Keiko Araki

in Anywhere But Here: Black Intellectuals in the Atlantic World and Beyond

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781628461558
eISBN:
9781626740839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461558.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

Keiko Araki’s “Africa for Africans and Asia for Asians.” Japanese Pan Asianism and Its Impact in the Post WWI Era,” explores the history of Japanese nationalists, who, in the process of forging a ... More


Antecedents

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.5
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the most important strains of black thought in the South in the century prior to the emergence of Garveyism and how these ideologies prepared the way for the Universal Negro ... More


Black Labor Migration in Caribbean Guatemala, 1882–1923

Frederick Douglass Opie

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033716
eISBN:
9780813038735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033716.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

In the late 19th century, many Central American governments and countries sought to fill low-paying jobs and develop their economies by recruiting black American and West Indian laborers. This book ... More


Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Mary G. Rolinson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson
Subject:
History, African-American History

The black separatist movement led by Marcus Garvey has long been viewed as a phenomenon of African American organization in the urban North. But as this book demonstrates, the largest number of ... More


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