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Between ‘Paper’ and ‘Real Tigers’: Mao's View of Nuclear Weapons

Guang Zhang Shu

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Mao Zedong originally saw a new China's struggle for security in terms of conventional warfare and in 1946 satirized the atomic bomb as a ’paper tiger’. Mao found it difficult to understand why the ... More


The Sino-Soviet Split and Problems for the United States in Asia, Europe, and the Americas, 1956–64

Thomas J. Christensen

in Worse Than a Monolith: Alliance Politics and Problems of Coercive Diplomacy in Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142609
eISBN:
9781400838813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142609.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the Sino-Soviet split and its implications for the United States' policies in Asia, Europe, and the Americas during the period 1956–1964. Coordination and comity in the ... More


The Evolution of the Relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the Comintern during the Sino-Japanese War

Yang Kuisong

in Negotiating China's Destiny in World War II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804789660
eISBN:
9780804793117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789660.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

During WWII, Stalin’s policy in East Asia aimed at drawing Japan into a quagmire in China so as to avoid fighting a war on two fronts. This meant supporting the Nationalists in China, the only force ... More


The Chinese Way of War

Andrew Scobell

in The Evolution of Operational Art: From Napoleon to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599486
eISBN:
9780191595806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599486.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter examines Chinese operational art, taking as its point of departure the rise of the Communist movement in the 1920s and the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Drawing on ... More


A New Course in the Countryside

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the Sixty Articles on Agriculture launched by the Chinese government to relieve the famine, establish an incentive system in the commune system, and reinvigorate agriculture. ... More


Mao Changes the Signals 1

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0013
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the reaction of Mao Zedong to the CCP Central Committee's circulation of a document seeking answers on agricultural policy, particular on the baochan daohu policy of dividing ... More


From Grey Eminence to Red Leader

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0019
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the increase in Jiang Qing's public exposure during the 1960s. Mao Zedong encouraged Jiang to investigate revisionism in the cultural arena and head of state Liu Shaoqi did the ... More


Mao and the Middle Kingdom

Christopher A. Ford

in The Mind of Empire: China's History and Modern Foreign Relations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192635
eISBN:
9780813135519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192635.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After the collapse of the Kouminating in the civil war following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945, the People's Republic of China emerged, with Mao Zedong as its leader. Although they were in many ... More


Mao Stoops to Conquer

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0020
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the political split between Chinese political leaders Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi. It suggests that Mao's decision to purge Liu was part of a strategy to remove members of the CCP ... More


“Be Mao’s Good Soldiers”: Creating the New Man in China

Yinghong Cheng

in Creating the New Man: From Enlightenment Ideals to Socialist Realities

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824830748
eISBN:
9780824870164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824830748.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter details China's communist experiment with human nature. The idea of a new man, a morally perfect person, served as a model for Chinese society and became embedded in the Chinese culture. ... More


The Emergence of a Rivalry, 1919–1950

Gregg A. Brazinsky

in Winning the Third World: Sino-American Rivalry during the Cold War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631707
eISBN:
9781469631721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631707.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The first chapter explores the evolution of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) views of China’s role in what would later come to be known as the Third World. I argue that during these years, despite ... More


Untrusting and Untrusted: Mao’s China at a Crossroads, 1969

Sergey Radchenko

in Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter analyzes the border clashes between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union in March 1969. It details the development of Chinese leader Mao Zedong's perception of the Soviet ... More


Anyuan: Mining China's Revolutionary Tradition

Elizabeth J. Perry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520271890
eISBN:
9780520954038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271890.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

How do we explain the surprising trajectory of the Chinese Communist revolution? Why has it taken such a different route from its Russian prototype? An answer, Elizabeth Perry suggests, lies in the ... More


The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Roderick MacFarquhar

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This is the final volume in a trilogy which examines the politics, personalities, economics, culture, and international relations of China from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s. The book uses a ... More


Reds and Experts

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the struggle between the so-called ‘redness’ and expertise in the debates generated by the Seventy Articles on Industry in China during the 1960s. Mao Zedong proclaimed the ... More


Chairman Mao Weighs In: The High Politics of the Campaign

Miriam Gross

in Farewell to the God of Plague: Chairman Mao's Campaign to Deworm China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520288836
eISBN:
9780520963641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288836.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter provides an overview of the snail-fever campaign from the perspective of top leadership (1949–1976). It discovers why Chairman Mao and the CCP focused on this globally neglected rural ... More


Political Allegory in the 1980s

Xiao Jun and Bai Hua

in Speaking to History: The Story of King Goujian in Twentieth-Century China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255791
eISBN:
9780520942394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255791.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

Although the Goujian story does not appear to have had a significant impact during China's Cultural Revolution decade, it never disappeared entirely. Mao Zedong died in September 1976, and the ... More


Woman Warrior

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0018
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role of Jiang Qing, Mao Zedong's wife, on the Cultural Revolution in China. Mao's marriage to Jiang had caused considerable consternation among his colleagues because of her ... More


The Socialist Education Movement

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0016
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines Mao Zedong's launch of the Social Education Movement (SEM) in China as a way to prevent revisionism. Under Mao's direction, the CCP stepped up its campaign to oppose revisionism ... More


The Smashing of the Gang of Four

Immanuel C. Y. Hsü

in China without mao: The Search for a New Order

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195060560
eISBN:
9780199854370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195060560.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

1976 was a year of agony for China. Deep bereavement was felt in every corner of the land over the loss of three of its great leaders: Premier Zhou Enlai in January, Marshal Zhu De in July, and ... More


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