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“To Protect and Defend”: World War II

István Hargittai

in The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195178456
eISBN:
9780199787012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178456.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

By the start of World War II, the Martians had become involved in politics. They helped the United States get ready for modern warfare, including advancements in air power, the atomic bomb, and an ... More


The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Sean F. Johnston

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book follows nuclear engineers, specialists in a field described by early participants as a ‘strange journey through Alice in Wonderland’ and ‘What Buck Rogers reads about when he reads’. Their ... More


Reactors

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Leaders in the Manhattan Project laid the groundwork for the government’s mass-production of radioisotopes during the war. The U.S. Army constructed the Oak Ridge reactor as a pilot plant for the ... More


Implanting industrial cultures

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Wartime experiences seeded the new nuclear specialists, and these environments gestated their post-war opportunities. The laboratories and production sites merged industrial and scientific cultures. ... More


At Work in the Atomic Beehive

Lindsey A. Freeman

in Longing for the Bomb: Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622378
eISBN:
9781469623177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622378.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter discusses atomic fordism—the systematic compartmentalization of work for the Manhattan Project. The system stretched across the country with the nation’s major highways functioning as a ... More


The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

István Hargittai

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195178456
eISBN:
9780199787012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178456.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Five men born at the turn of the 20th century in Budapest: Theodore von Kármán, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller, became a special group often referred to as the ... More


Manhattan Project Time Machine

Lindsey A. Freeman

in Longing for the Bomb: Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622378
eISBN:
9781469623177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622378.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores the growth of tourism in former nuclear sites, as the former sites of the Manhattan Project, as well as its progeny—nuclear storage facilities and aging apparatuses from Cold ... More


Atomic Snapshots

Lindsey A. Freeman

in Longing for the Bomb: Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622378
eISBN:
9781469623177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622378.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter presents a photo of J. Robert Oppenheimer, as well as the author’s mother and grandfather, in examining Ed Westcott’s photography concerning the Manhattan Project. His photographs stare ... More


From Hiroshima to Normalization

Lindsey A. Freeman

in Longing for the Bomb: Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622378
eISBN:
9781469623177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622378.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter narrates events in Oak Ridge following the Hiroshima Bombing, particularly when the secret war project had been broadcast throughout the world. For Oak Ridgers, the day of bombing was a ... More


Atomic Tracings:: Radioisotopes in Biology and Medicine

Angela N. H. Creager

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The U.S. government developed atomic energy for peacetime after World War II in the form of radioactive isotopes, produced in a former Manhattan Project reactor and distributed to civilian ... More


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