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Mandarin Chinese: “Altaicization” or Simplification?

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter shows that while Altaic languages had a decisive effect upon Mandarin, transfer was a relatively minor factor, while reduction due to non-native competence was comprehensively ... More


Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

John McWhorter

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Foreigners often say that the English language is “easy”. A language like Spanish is challenging in its variety of verb endings and gender for nouns, whereas English is more straightforward. But ... More


Ancient China’s Cultural Constitution: A Unified Script and Mandarin Chinese

Su Li

in The Constitution of Ancient China

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691171593
eISBN:
9781400889778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171593.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role and significance of a unified script and Mandarin Chinese for the political and cultural formation of ancient China. From the Qin dynasty on, the bureaucracy was ... More


Preliminaries

Janet Zhiqun Xing

in Teaching and Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622097629
eISBN:
9789882207479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622097629.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses the aims of the book, which is designed primarily to aid teachers and students in learning the Chinese language. Included in this ... More


On the Syntax of Topic and Focus in Chinese

Linda Badan and Francesca Del Gobbo

in Mapping the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 5

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740376
eISBN:
9780199895304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740376.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This study is dedicated to an analysis of the left periphery of Mandarin Chinese, within the Cartographic Project. It is shown that in Mandarin Chinese there are three different types of Topics: ... More


Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese

Yongxian Luo

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660223
eISBN:
9780191745096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660223.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese exhibit a rich array of correlations between the possessor and possesee in the noun phrase, as well as in the verb phrase and the lexicon. They are ... More


The Fine Structure of Spatial PPs in Mandarin Chinese

Hsiao-Hung Iris Wu

in The Cartography of Chinese Syntax: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 11

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190210687
eISBN:
9780190210717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210687.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Spatial Preposition Phrases (PPs) have long posed problems for a uniform analysis of the category P. Following the general cartographic project of mapping distinct functional projections associated ... More


Aspectual Composition and Recursion

Henriëtte de Swart

in Mood, Aspect, Modality Revisited: New Answers to Old Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226363523
eISBN:
9780226363660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226363660.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents a model of aspectual interpretation, in which grammatical aspect is a modifier, mapping sets of eventualities onto sets of eventualities. This treatment makes it possible to ... More


Control and restructuring in Mandarin Chinese

Thomas Grano

in Control and Restructuring

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198703921
eISBN:
9780191773082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703921.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

The functional restructuring approach to exhaustive control is extended in this chapter to Mandarin Chinese. The chapter argues that in Mandarin, exhaustive control predicates instantiate monoclausal ... More


Hybridity and Its Discontents: Popular Music in Taiwan

Marc L. Moskowitz

in Cries of Joy, Songs of Sorrow: Chinese Pop Music and Its Cultural Connotations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833695
eISBN:
9780824870812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833695.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses Taiwan's musical history and explores the issue of why Taiwan pop is so appealing to Chinese-speaking audiences throughout the world. It focuses on the music's exceptional ... More


The Non‐uniformity of Wh‐indeterminates with Polarity and Free Choice in Chinese

Lisa Lai‐Shen Cheng and Anastasia Giannakidou

in Strategies of Quantification

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199692439
eISBN:
9780191744891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692439.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Wh‐elements in Chinese (as in Japanese and Korean) can have non‐interrogative interpretations, i.e. they are the so‐called ‘wh‐indeterminates’ la Kuroda 1965. While the existential ... More


Appositives in Mandarin Chinese and Cross-Linguistically

Francesca Del Gobbo

in Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199945658
eISBN:
9780190201104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The goal of this chapter is to lay out a theory for a typology of appositive relative clauses. By studying the characteristics of appositive relative clauses in four languages (Mandarin Chinese, ... More


Cries of Joy, Songs of Sorrow: Chinese Pop Music and Its Cultural Connotations

Marc L. Moskowitz

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833695
eISBN:
9780824870812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833695.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Since the mid-1990s, Taiwan's unique brand of Mandopop (Mandarin Chinese-language pop music) has dictated the musical tastes of the mainland and the rest of Chinese-speaking Asia. This book explores ... More


Ellipsis and Missing Objects

Joseph Aoun and Yen-hui Audrey Li

in Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062787
eISBN:
9780262273152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Ellipsis phenomena in natural language involve instances of meaning without sound as they do, and their interpretation requires the presence of some covert structure. The central issue for a theory ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Grano

in Control and Restructuring

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198703921
eISBN:
9780191773082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703921.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

The concluding chapter distills the book’s content into five central themes. The first is empirical: complement control splits into two classes, as evidenced by how a number of properties cluster. ... More


Control and Restructuring

Thomas Grano

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198703921
eISBN:
9780191773082
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703921.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Relying primarily on data from English, Mandarin Chinese, and modern Greek, this book investigates the intimate relationship that control bears to restructuring and to the meanings of the embedding ... More


The Tail Wags the Dog: Taiwan’s Musical Counter-Invasion of China

Marc L. Moskowitz

in Cries of Joy, Songs of Sorrow: Chinese Pop Music and Its Cultural Connotations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833695
eISBN:
9780824870812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833695.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book explores the range of cultural connotations of Taiwan-produced Mandopop in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and Taiwan. While ... More


China’s Mandopop Roots and Taiwan’s Gendered Counter-Invasion of the PRC

Marc L. Moskowitz

in Cries of Joy, Songs of Sorrow: Chinese Pop Music and Its Cultural Connotations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833695
eISBN:
9780824870812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833695.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines China's musical history, starting with the birth of Chinese popular music in the East Asian jazz mecca of 1920s Shanghai and tracing musical and cultural developments to the ... More


Mandopop Under Siege: Culturally Bound Criticisms of Taiwan’s Pop Music

Marc L. Moskowitz

in Cries of Joy, Songs of Sorrow: Chinese Pop Music and Its Cultural Connotations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833695
eISBN:
9780824870812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833695.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the cultural biases embedded in critiques of Mandopop. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan's popular music swept across China. Many in the PRC government reacted to the values ... More


A revision of Talmy’s typology

Víctor Acedo-Matellán

in The Morphosyntax of Transitions: A Case Study in Latin and Other Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198733287
eISBN:
9780191797804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733287.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

The split within the class of satellite-framed languages is further explored. Ancient Greek is shown as behaving like Latin and Slavic, its complex resultative constructions requiring the presence of ... More


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