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Surrender and Capitulation in the Middle East in the Age of the Crusades

John France

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The great age of crusading in the Middle East, from 1095 to 1291, witnessed a collision between peoples inspired by rival religions, each of which had its own conception of Holy War. Crusading was ... More


The ongoing Muslim-Christian confrontation: the victorious contribution of the Turks

Carole Hillenbrand

in Turkish Myth and Muslim Symbol: The Battle of Manzikert

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625727
eISBN:
9780748671359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625727.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter looks at the legacy of Manzikert in the later Middle Ages. It examines the ways in which the Turks are portrayed in the historical writings of the Muslim Arabs and Persians over whom ... More


State, Society, and the Copts Under the Fatimids, Ayyubids, and Bahri Mamluks, 969–1382 Ce

Kurt J. Werthmuller

in Coptic Identity and Ayyubid Politics in Egypt: 1218–1250

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163456
eISBN:
9781617970238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163456.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The historical narrative of Coptic Egypt under the Fatimids, Ayyubids, and Bahri Mamluks forms the base of this chapter. The chapter discusses the definitive decline in size and fortune of Mamluk ... More


Historical Background

Charles Le Quesne

in Quseir: An Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of Egypt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774160097
eISBN:
9781936190027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

During the Ayyubid and earlier Mamluk periods, Quseir al-Qadim, by some distance the closest port to Qus, was re-occupied after a break of a thousand years. Its key characteristics provide an ... More


Symbolic Reproduction and Reproductive Symbolism

Robert A. Paul

in Mixed Messages: Cultural and Genetic Inheritance in the Constitution of Human Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226240725
eISBN:
9780226241050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241050.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

There are other ways besides men’s societies for symbols to be reproduced, and for them to represent reproduction in imagery drawn from sexual reproduction. Various examples are examined, including ... More


Introduction

in How Many Miles to Babylon?: Travels and Adventures to Egypt and Beyond, From 1300 to 1640

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236580
eISBN:
9781846313295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236580.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

During the medieval period, pilgrims and travellers from Europe believed that there was a Babylon in Egypt. This belief was often repeated in travel literature that provided a general picture of the ... More


The Mamluk Rulers of Egypt

in How Many Miles to Babylon?: Travels and Adventures to Egypt and Beyond, From 1300 to 1640

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236580
eISBN:
9781846313295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236580.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The Mamluks were a military elite who came from the Eurasian steppes to settle in Egypt. Their military prowess, which was instrumental in defeating the Mongols and Christian invaders, earned them ... More


Venetian Diplomacy and the Arrival of the Ottomans

in How Many Miles to Babylon?: Travels and Adventures to Egypt and Beyond, From 1300 to 1640

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236580
eISBN:
9781846313295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236580.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

After ruling Egypt and Syria for 250 years, the Mamluk sultanate began to decline. By the time the elderly sultan al-Ashraf Qansuh II al-Ghawri reluctantly ascended the throne in 1501 at sixty years ... More


Ottomans, Plague, and Rebellion: 1500–1800

Zeinab Abul-Magd

in Imagined Empires: A History of Revolt in Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520275522
eISBN:
9780520956537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275522.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues that Ottomans were an imagined empire in Upper Egypt. There was a reversed case of the core/periphery relationship: the consumerist imperial core was dependent on a capitalist ... More


The French, the Plague Encore, and Jihad: 1798–1801

Zeinab Abul-Magd

in Imagined Empires: A History of Revolt in Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520275522
eISBN:
9780520956537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275522.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The French Empire’s campaign in Egypt was a failed attempt at colonization, and Qina province was a distinct site at which this failure was exposed as an environmental crisis. The French forged ... More


The Impact of the Mongols on the History of Syria: Politics, Society, and Culture

Reuven Amitai

in Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839789
eISBN:
9780824869526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839789.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

In spite of the brief Mongol occupation of Syria in 1260 and 1300, their impact on the history of the country was profound in different areas. Part of this influence was indirect: the invasion of ... More


Palestine in Late Medieval Islamic Spirituality and Culture

Robert Irwin

in Byzantines, Latins, and Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean World after 1150

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199641888
eISBN:
9780191808357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199641888.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides an account of Palestine in medieval Muslim spirituality and culture. It shows that Jerusalem was a place the legitimizing potential of which had been actively promoted by its ... More


Turks, Mamluks, and Latin Merchants: Commerce, Conflict, and Cooperation in the Eastern Mediterranean

Kate Fleet

in Byzantines, Latins, and Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean World after 1150

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199641888
eISBN:
9780191808357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199641888.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the commercial relationships between the Latins, the Mamluks, and the Turks. It considers the extent to which the Mamluk and Ottoma states differed in their approach to the ... More


Authority by Persuasion: Power Relations in al-Suyūṭī’s Legal Opinion on Scholarly Stipends

Rebecca Skreslet Hernandez

in The Legal Thought of Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti: Authority and Legacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198805939
eISBN:
9780191843846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805939.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter gives the reader a snapshot of the socio-political context of late Mamluk Egyptian society in which al-Suyūṭī competed for authority. In an age of economic, political, and intellectual ... More


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