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Reconsidering Organizations as Cultures of Integrity

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter focuses on the modern organization as a unit of life experience that is taken for granted yet little understood, showing how organizational culture shapes and sustains integrity (or ... More


Introduction

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter discusses the development of Alan Turing's ‘universal computing machine’, better known as the universal Turing Machine. The earliest large-scale electronic digital ... More


The DEUCE—a user's view

Robin A. Vowels

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes the origins and development of the English Electric DEUCE (Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine), the production machine derived from the ACE Pilot Model. The DEUCE ... More


Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Robert Aunger (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The publication in 1998 of Susan Blackmore's bestselling The Meme Machine re-awakened the debate over the highly controversial field of memetics. In the past couple of years, there has been an ... More


George Gershwin: “The Composer in the Machine Age” (1930)

Robert Wyatt and John Andrew Johnson

in The George Gershwin Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327113
eISBN:
9780199851249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327113.003.0036
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter presents an excerpt from the 1930 book Revolt in the Arts edited by Oliver Saylor, which describes George Gershwin as a composer in the Machine Age. The book suggested that the Machine ... More


Fashioning a Market: The Singer Sewing Machine in Colonial Lanka

Nira Wickramasinghe

in Cultures in Motion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159096
eISBN:
9781400849895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159096.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the role of the Singer sewing machine in fashioning a consumer market in colonial Lanka, now known as Sri Lanka. More specifically, it narrates the fashioning of a market ... More


The descriptive complexity of strings

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter develops the theory of plain Kolmogorov complexity, and then of prefix-free Kolmogorov complexity. A main technical tool for later chapters is the Machine Existence (or Kraft–Chaitin) ... More


Introduction and Overview

Kumaraswamy Velupillai

in Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295273
eISBN:
9780191596988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295278.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The first chapter gives a summary of the methodological and epistemological underpinnings of computable economics. There are, in addition, concise chapter summaries and a brief excursion into a ... More


The Unified Self

J.T. Ismael

in The Situated Self

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195174366
eISBN:
9780199872121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174366.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of Dennett's view of self-representation. It introduces the so-called “Joycean Machine”, special narrative module in the brain charged with production of an ... More


The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Arlindo Oliveira

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This book addresses the connections between computers, life, evolution, brains, and minds. Digital computers are recent and have changed our society. However, they represent just the latest way to ... More


An Anthropology of the Machine: Tokyo's Commuter Train Network

Michael Fisch

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226558417
eISBN:
9780226558691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226558691.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Anthropology of the Machine: Tokyo’s Commuter Train Network is an exploration of collective life formed at the interstices of human and machine operation within one of the most complex and ... More


New Romantic Cyborgs: Romanticism, Information Technology, and the End of the Machine

Mark Coeckelbergh

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035460
eISBN:
9780262343084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Most people assume that technology and romanticism are opposed. They share this assumption with many contemporary philosophers of technology, who tend to reduce romanticism to nostalgia. This book ... More


Making Music Modern: New York in the 1920s

Carol J. Oja

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195058499
eISBN:
9780199865031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058499.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

New York City witnessed a burst of creativity in the 1920s. This artistic renaissance is examined from the perspective of composers of classical and modern music who, along with writers, painters, ... More


Kentucky Maverick: The Life and Adventures of Colonel George M. Chinn

Carlton Jackson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813161051
eISBN:
9780813165516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813161051.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Colonel George M. Chinn, born in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, in 1902, grew up with a fondness for guns. After attending Millersburg Military Institute, he played football for Centre College. He spent his ... More


The Galvanic World: Carlyle and the Dickens Monster

Chris Baldick

in In Frankenstein's Shadow: Myth, Monstrosity, and Nineteenth-Century Writing

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122494
eISBN:
9780191671432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122494.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

For Thomas Carlyle, the nineteenth century was to be defined not just as the Machine Age—as if technology were the end of the problem—but more fully as a Galvanic World in which the inward sanctuary ... More


Engineers of Art

Carol J. Oja

in Making Music Modern: New York in the 1920s

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195058499
eISBN:
9780199865031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058499.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

Leo Ornstein and Edgard Varèse began imagining the dimensions of American modernism during the 1910s. But on the whole, the 20th century dawned for American composers in the 1920s. This was a decade ... More


Three Years with Montgomery and Stone 1914–17

Bruce Vermazen

in That Moaning Saxophone: The Six Brown Brothers and the Dawning of a Musical Craze

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195372182
eISBN:
9780199864140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372182.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, American

In October 1914, the Six Brown Brothers were given a featured spot in Chin Chin, a Broadway musical produced by C. B. Dillingham and starring Fred Stone and David Montgomery. Theresa Valerio danced ... More


Turing machines and causal mechanisms in cognitive science

Lappi Otto and Anna‐Mari Rusanen

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

A body of recent literature has proposed that explanation in neurosciences, including cognitive neuroscience, is mechanistic. It has also been argued that the mechanistic model could be extended to ... More


We Want Robots to See and Understand the World

Antonio Torralba and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Antonio Torralba, member of MIT CSAIL, opens the dialogue by describing the research he performs in the field of computer vision and related artificial intelligence (AI). He also compares the ... More


“His Master’s Voice”: The Victor Talking Machine Company and the Social Reconstruction of the Phonograph

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American

The history of the phonograph clearly demonstrates important ways in which economic and cultural forces have shaped technological inventions in the world. In 1877, Thomas Edison invented the first ... More


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