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Behavioral Biomarkers: What Are They Good For?: Toward the Ethical Use of Biomarkers

Matthew Baum and Julian Savulescu

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Biomarkers range from metabolites, protein levels and genetic variants to brain states, and can target varied behaviours. This chapter focuses on the MAOA polymorphism and its use as biomarker to ... More


MAOA and the Bioprediction of Antisocial Behavior: Science Fact and Science Fiction

Joshua W. Buckholtz and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Directing public and private sector spending towards preventing antisocial behavior would seem likely to provide a significant return on investment. However, with limited resources at their disposal, ... More


Genetic Biomarker Research of Callous-Unemotional Traits in Children: Implications for the Law and Policymaking

Essi Viding and Eamon McCrory

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

This chapter begins by providing a short overview of the twin method and then consider four important points regarding the existing quantitative genetic data: (i) CU traits show heritable and mainly ... More


Disarming the “Genetic Predisposition to Violence”: The Dangers of Mischaracterizing Interaction

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 2002, scientists were reported to have discovered a “genetic predisposition to violence” in the form of the MAOA gene (monoamine oxidase A). Bioethicists reflecting on the discovery recommended ... More


Reduced Responsibility: Distinguishing Conditions in Which Biomarkers Properly Reduce Legal Responsibility

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the relevance of bioprediction to reductions in legal responsibility. The chapter responds to general objections in the context of neuroscience and law to the use of ... More


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