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Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Alexander Bird

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the laws of nature, and what explains their existence? This book develops the proposal that the laws of nature are grounded in the essences of properties. It is argued that fundamental ... More


Purgatory: The Logic of Total Transformation

Jerry L. Walls

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732296
eISBN:
9780199918492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732296.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book is a philosophical and theological exploration and defense of the doctrine of purgatory. After a historical overview of the development of the doctrine, it examines Protestant objections to ... More


Absences

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is desirable to expel absences from the ontology. Phil Dowe's account of preventions and omissions (which involve absences) indicates that they supervene on actual causal states of affairs. ... More


Classes

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

David Lewis' major contribution to the ontology of classes is to perceive that many‐membered classes are mereological sums of the singletons (unit‐classes of their members: {a, b, c, d, . . .} is ... More


Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In this text, a variety of modal logics at the sentential, first-order, and second-order levels are developed with clarity, precision, and philosophical insight. All of the S1-S5 modal logics of ... More


Reading Gothic Fiction: A Bakhtinian Approach

Jacqueline Howard

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119920
eISBN:
9780191671258
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119920.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, Criticism/Theory

This is the first full-length study of Gothic to be written from the perspective of Bakhtinian theory. The author uses Bakhtin's concepts of heteroglossia and dialogism in specific historical ... More


Introduction

Erik J. Olsson

in Against Coherence: Truth, Probability, and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199279999
eISBN:
9780191602665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279993.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Two main questions are raised: Does coherence imply truth? Does more coherence imply higher likelihood of truth? Probability theory is chosen as the framework within which these issues will be ... More


Philosophical Papers Volume I

David Lewis

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains 15 papers by the influential American philosopher, David Lewis. All previously published (between 1966 and 80), these papers are divided into three groups: ontology, the philosophy ... More


A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Jonathan Bennett

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Conditionals are of two basic kinds, often called ‘indicative’ and ‘subjunctive’. This book expounds and evaluates the main literature about each kind. It eventually defends the view of Adams and ... More


Was Jesus Mad, Bad or God?

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In this chapter, C.S. Lewis’ famous trilemma argument in favor of the divinity of Christ (Jesus was either mad, bad, or God) is developed, and a version of it is defended. The crux of the argument is ... More


Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Timothy McCarthy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Attempts to offer a response to Quine's arguments for the indeterminacy of reference and translation by developing an original theory of radical interpretation, i.e. the project of characterising ... More


Changing the Rules

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines other ways the Argument from Completeness might be attacked. It identifies two strategies that the realist might deploy in order to avoid the difficulties engendered by the ... More


The Status of Natural Properties

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the case for natural properties made by David Lewis. Section 5.1 looks at the role such properties play in Lewis’s system. Section 5.2 sets out his reasons for believing in ... More


Counterpart Theory and the Puzzles of Transworld Identity

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the proposal that counterpart theory should be adopted as a solution to the problems about identity across possible worlds discussed in the previous chapters: a solution that ... More


Marx and Darwin: A Reconsideration

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Many commentators have claimed that Marx's materialist conception of history owes something to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. Why else, they ask, would Marx have offered to dedicate a ... More


The Myth of Adam and American Identity

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter looks at a pervasive American myth—that of the American Adam—which holds that America was originally an Eden, and Americans like Adam before the Fall: fresh, innocent, and ... More


Contextualism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the thesis of contextualism about knowledge attributions, which is the view that the proposition expressed by a sentence such as ‘John knows that the bank is open at 2 p.m. ... More


Knowledge Ascriptions and Context‐Sensitivity

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a range of context-dependent constructions, and concludes that there are sufficiently significant disanalogies between all of them and the behavior of epistemic predicates such ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism versus Contextualism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is devoted to a thorough-going comparison of Interest-Relativism Invariantism and contextualism. It argues that the contextualist is committed to a worse error-theory than the advocate ... More


Modality

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that neither the modal realism of David Lewis nor abstract possible worlds reductionism can satisfy Truthmaker or TSB when it comes to truths of de re modality. On the contrary, ... More


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