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The Frustrated Activist: Leonard Bernstein

Emily Abrams Ansari

in The Sound of a Superpower: Musical Americanism and the Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190649692
eISBN:
9780190649722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190649692.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter presents an account of the composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein, who, although constrained significantly by the ideological climate of the 1950s, refused to silence himself ... More


West Side Story: The Very Model of a Major Musical

Geoffrey Block

in Enchanted Evenings: The Broadway Musical from Show Boat to Sondheim

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195167306
eISBN:
9780199849840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167306.003.0012
Subject:
Music, Popular

West Side Story, a collaboration of four extraordinary individuals Jerome Robbins (choreographer and director), Arthur Laurents (librettist), Leonard Bernstein (composer), and ... More


Leonard Bernstein: The Political Life of an American Musician

Barry Seldes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257641
eISBN:
9780520943070
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257641.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

From his dazzling conducting debut in 1943 until his death in 1990, Leonard Bernstein's star blazed brilliantly. This biography of Bernstein's political life examines his career against the backdrop ... More


Bitter Rituals for a Lost Nation: Partch and Bernstein

W. Anthony Sheppard

in Revealing Masks: Exotic Influences and Ritualized Performance in Modernist Music Theater

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223028
eISBN:
9780520924741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223028.003.0013
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

Harry Partch and Leonard Bernstein are divergent in several dimensions, including their marketability. Yet through a juxtaposition of works by these apparent musical antipodes, it is possible to ... More


Introduction

Barry Seldes

in Leonard Bernstein: The Political Life of an American Musician

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257641
eISBN:
9780520943070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257641.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This introductory chapter discusses Leonard Bernstein, the former cultural ambassador of the United States and a composer of several popular musicals and ballets, including West Side Story. This ... More


Candide

Howard Pollack

in The Ballad of John Latouche: An American Lyricist's Life and Work

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190458294
eISBN:
9780190458324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190458294.003.0021
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter represents the most thorough and accurate study to date of Leonard Bernstein’s Candide, including its long, torturous history both before and after its 1956 premiere. It pays special ... More


From Camp to Carnegie Hall: Leonard Bernstein and Rhapsody in Blue

Ryan Raul Bañagale

in Arranging Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue and the Creation of an American Icon

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199978373
eISBN:
9780190201418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978373.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

This chapter locates the origins of Leonard Bernstein’s polemical statements and presentations of Rhapsody in Blue in his youthful encounters with the piece by exploring two recently discovered ... More


Leonard Bernstein: Born: August 25, 1918, Lawrence, Massachusetts Born: August 25, 1918, Lawrence, Massachusetts Died: October 14, 1990, New York, New York

Steven Suskin

in Show Tunes: The Songs, Shows, and Careers of Broadway’s Major Composers

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195314076
eISBN:
9780199852734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314076.003.0015
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter examines the work of Leonard Bernstein. It begins with an extended commentary of his career, followed by details on productions, with data and song information. Bernstein’s first theater ... More


The Queer Composition of America's Sound: Gay Modernists, American Music, and National Identity

Nadine Hubbs

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520241848
eISBN:
9780520937956
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241848.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This book shows how a gifted group of Manhattan-based gay composers were pivotal in creating a distinctive “American sound” and in the process served as architects of modern American identity. ... More


Music, Media, and Cultural Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union

Danielle Fosler-Lussier

in Music in America's Cold War Diplomacy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520284135
eISBN:
9780520959781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284135.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American

The State Department’s Cultural Presentations program famously sent jazz and classical musicians as well as dancers to the USSR. Although commentators have sometimes characterized U.S. music in the ... More


Youthful Celebrity and Personal Freedom: Breaking Out with Fancy Free

Carol J. Oja

in Bernstein Meets Broadway: Collaborative Art in a Time of War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199862092
eISBN:
9780199379989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862092.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American, Dance

Debuted by Ballet Theatre in 1944, Fancy Free represented the first major success for its composer Leonard Bernstein and choreographer Jerome Robbins. Inspired by The Fleet’s In, a controversial ... More


The Cradle Will Rock, II

Howard Pollack

in Marc Blitzstein: His Life, His Work, His World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199791590
eISBN:
9780199949625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791590.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, American, Popular

This chapter offers a detailed account of the legendary premiere of The Cradle Will Rock, a renegade production of the Federal Theatre Project directed by Orson Welles and John Houseman. The chapter ... More


Creating a Broadway Musical: The Conception and Debut of On the Town

Carol J. Oja

in Bernstein Meets Broadway: Collaborative Art in a Time of War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199862092
eISBN:
9780199379989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862092.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American, Dance

On the Town fused the creative voices of Fancy Free and The Revuers. This chapter chronicles the genesis of the, emphasizing how its key personnel crossed over freely between concert halls and ... More


Crossover Composition: The Musical Identities of On the Town

Carol J. Oja

in Bernstein Meets Broadway: Collaborative Art in a Time of War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199862092
eISBN:
9780199379989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862092.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American, Dance

This chapter probes the distinctive compositional voice that Bernstein developed in On the Town, a style that relished high-low fusions while shunning existing cultural hierarchies. Bernstein’s music ... More


George Gershwin and African American Music

Maurice Peress

in Dvorák to Duke Ellington: A Conductor Rediscovers America's Music and Its African-American Roots

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195098228
eISBN:
9780199869817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098228.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter details Gershwin's early contacts with African American music and musicians. His Blue Monday Blues of 1922, a failed attempt at writing an operatic scene about Negro characters, is sung ... More


Nine. Schuman, Copland, Koussevitzky, and Bernstein

Steve Swayne

in Orpheus in Manhattan: William Schuman and the Shaping of America's Musical Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195388527
eISBN:
9780199894345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388527.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

Though Harris was Schuman's last major teacher, it was Aaron Copland who gave Schuman the biggest boost in his career, first by helping Schuman win the prize for the Second Symphony and then by ... More


Sixteen. An Old Religion, Two Champions, and a New Symphony

Steve Swayne

in Orpheus in Manhattan: William Schuman and the Shaping of America's Musical Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195388527
eISBN:
9780199894345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388527.003.0017
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

The late 1940s brought Schuman back in touch with his Jewish roots through various encounters and queries that occurred. Leonard Bernstein, in particular, was in a state of wonderment at the birth of ... More


The Selected Correspondence of Aaron Copland

Aaron Copland

Elizabeth B. Crist and Wayne Shirley (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300111217
eISBN:
9780300133479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300111217.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This book is devoted to the correspondence of composer Aaron Copland, covering his life from age eight to eighty-seven. The chronologically arranged collection includes letters to many significant ... More


From Nightclubs to Broadway: The Revuers, Comedy Skits,and Left-Wing Politics

Carol J. Oja

in Bernstein Meets Broadway: Collaborative Art in a Time of War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199862092
eISBN:
9780199379989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862092.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American, Dance

The nightclub act called The Revuers is the stuff of legend–frequently mentioned in chronicles of the Broadway musical but little discussed in any detail. The group began in 1938 and included Betty ... More


Musical Triumphs, 1937–42

Elizabeth B. Crist and Wayne Shirley (eds)

in The Selected Correspondence of Aaron Copland

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300111217
eISBN:
9780300133479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300111217.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter looks at a period in Aaron Copeland's life that would be his busiest and most productive. It highlights several events and accomplishments that Copeland went through during these years ... More


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