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Nationalism in Transition: Nationalizing Impulses and International Counterweights in Latvia and Estonia

Julie Bernier

in Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242146
eISBN:
9780191599651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242143.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Nationalizing impulses in countries with substantial ethnic minorities often provoke counter‐mobilization by those minorities. This chapter looks at the effectiveness of international organizations ... More


Rebuilding Democracy in Latvia: Overcoming a Dual Legacy

Adolf Sprudzs

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Emphasizes the difficult process of constitutional engineering in Latvia. The author argues that these difficulties stem from two historical legacies: the inter‐war independence period and the Soviet ... More


Estonia and Latvia: International Influences on Citizenship and Minority Integration

Vello Pettai

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Argues that the Baltic states, mainly Estonia and Latvia, represent examples of the complicated sequence of endogenously derived transition and exogenously influenced consolidation. These democratic ... More


Definitions and Discourse: Applying Kymlicka's Models to Estonia and Latvia

Vello Pettai

in Can Liberal Pluralism be Exported?: Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199248155
eISBN:
9780191602955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924815X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This paper raises a number of points in relation to the basic concept of ‘ethnocultural justice’ and Kymlicka’s five models of ethnopolitical conflict. It argues that while ‘ethnopolitical justice’ ... More


The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Alexander V. Prusin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The book traces the turbulent history of the borderlands that before World War constituted the frontier‐zones between the Austro‐Hungarian, German, and Russian empires and in the course of the ... More


Russian Speakers in Post-Soviet Latvia: Discursive Identity Strategies

Ammon Cheskin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780748697434
eISBN:
9781474418539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697434.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

The political shocks of the 2014 Ukrainian crisis have been felt in many former Soviet countries, not least Latvia, where over 35% of the population are native Russian speakers. At a time when ... More


I Could Not Help Wondering: On Boder's Biography and the Idea of Testimony

Alan Rosen

in The Wonder of Their Voices: The 1946 Holocaust Interviews of David Boder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395129
eISBN:
9780199866588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395129.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter roots the interview project in Boder's Jewish European life and training as well as his transplanted North American surroundings. Little has been previously done to provide a life ... More


School of Europeanness: Tolerance and Other Lessons in Political Liberalism in Latvia

Dace Dzenovska

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501716836
eISBN:
9781501716867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501716836.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

Following independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, economic and political liberalization projects were rolled out in Latvia and across Eastern Europe. While economic liberalism was welcomed, ... More


The Mortality Consequences of the Transition to Market Economy in Latvia, 1991–1995

Juris Krumins and Uldis Usackis

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During the 19th and 20th centuries, Latvia — as well as its neighbouring countries of Estonia and Lithuania forming the Baltic States — enjoyed a remarkable healthcare system resulting in a life ... More


Latvia

Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu

in Church, State, and Democracy in Expanding Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195337105
eISBN:
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337105.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Although legislation expressly separates church and state, the Latvian authorities have unofficially distinguished new religions from the “traditional” Lutheran, Roman Catholic, Orthodox Christian, ... More


A Bright Future?

Ammon Cheskin

in Russian Speakers in Post-Soviet Latvia: Discursive Identity Strategies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780748697434
eISBN:
9781474418539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697434.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This final chapter ties together the preceding analysis and offers some general conclusions. It notes how, despite significant discursive challenges, Russian speakers have been remarkably proficient ... More


Gulag Letters

Arsenii Formakov

Emily D. Johnson (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209310
eISBN:
9780300228199
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209310.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Memoirs and works of fiction that describe the Stalinist Gulag often depict labor camps as entirely cut off from the rest of Soviet society. In fact, however, many prisoners corresponded at least ... More


Turning Citizens into Soldiers: Baltic Paramilitary Movements after the Great War

Tomas Balkelis

in War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654918
eISBN:
9780191744273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654918.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

In this chapter, Tomas Balkelis compares different paramilitary movements in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and their pivotal importance in building these three newly independent nation-states.


USSR

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald

in International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents annual data for the USSR and some constituent/successor republics on national sales of cigarettes for the years 1960–1995. Both Russian-style papyrosi and western-style ... More


Competing Histories: Soviet War Crimes in the Baltic States

Liivoja Rain

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter analyses the attempts of three Baltic states — Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania — to prosecute offences against international law committed in their territories by the Soviet authorities ... More


The Minsk Negotiations

Jerzy Borzęcki

in The Soviet-Polish Peace of 1921 and the Creation of Interwar Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300121216
eISBN:
9780300145014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121216.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the following events: the limited Soviet offensive in Belarus; the Soviet minor offensive in Ukraine; the Soviets and the Ukrainian issue; the Soviet major offensive in ... More


NATO’s Achilles’ Heel: The Baltic States

Agnia Grigas

in Beyond Crimea: The New Russian Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300214505
eISBN:
9780300220766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300214505.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The unique case of the Baltic States as EU and NATO members is discussed in this chapter. The implications of Russia’s compatriot policies in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are assessed, particularly ... More


Paradox of Europeanness: The Need to Exclude and the Virtue of Inclusion

Dace Dzenovska

in School of Europeanness: Tolerance and Other Lessons in Political Liberalism in Latvia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501716836
eISBN:
9781501716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501716836.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The introductory chapter outlines the argument of the book by drawing on the first publicly debated refugee case in Latvia. It traces two public positions that emerged in relation to the case: one ... More


Pride and Shame: The Moral and Political Landscape of Europe’s Colonial Past in the Present

Dace Dzenovska

in School of Europeanness: Tolerance and Other Lessons in Political Liberalism in Latvia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501716836
eISBN:
9781501716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501716836.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 1 outlines the moral landscape surrounding Europe’s colonial history. On the basis of analysis of encounters between Latvians who take pride in appropriating colonial expeditions of a 17th ... More


The State People and Their Minorities: Rebirth of a National State with a Minority Problem

Dace Dzenovska

in School of Europeanness: Tolerance and Other Lessons in Political Liberalism in Latvia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501716836
eISBN:
9781501716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501716836.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 2 considers whether and how Latvians took up lessons in political liberalism with regard to the most important issue at the foundation of the post-Soviet Latvian state, that is, how to handle ... More


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