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Retrospect

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In 1070, when Lanfranc left his abbacy at Caen to become Archbishop of Canterbury, he was probably about 60 years old — by medieval standards an advanced age. In Lombardy, and then in Normandy, he ... More


Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

H. E. J. Cowdrey

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Lanfranc of Pavia was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1070 to 1089, and so for nineteen critical years in the history of the Anglo-Norman church and kingdom after the Norman conquest of 1066. He came ... More


The Wider Primacy

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

From the beginning of his archiepiscopate, Lanfranc insisted that the primacy of his church of Canterbury extended beyond the two English provinces of Canterbury and York to include the whole of the ... More


The Monastic Order

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

When Lanfranc became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1070, he had some two-and-a-half decades of monastic life behind him. Lanfranc's episcopal model, for himself as a monk and for others who shared his ... More


Lanfranc and the English

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

There has been considerable debate amongst historians about the process by which Lanfranc established his ultimate view of English saints. It has involved the wider question of the attitude of Norman ... More


Lanfranc and King William I

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Like most leading churchmen of his time, Lanfranc favoured strong kings who provided peace and justice in a violent world, not least for churches, monks, and all grades of clergy. During the ... More


Lanfranc and the Gregorian Papacy

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Lanfranc's loyal and collaborative service of King William I of England in both ecclesiastical and temporal affairs stands in contrast to the coolness and distance that he showed towards the great ... More


External Concerns

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

As Archbishop of Canterbury, Lanfranc was the ecclesiastical head of an English church that consisted of the provinces of Canterbury and York; he claimed a primacy over the British Isles that ... More


The Last Years

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0016
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Lanfranc allegedly wished to die of some dysentery or fever, because these illnesses neither disturb the memory nor impair speech. His wish was fulfilled: he died of a fever, postponing medication ... More


Conclusion

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Considered in terms of his own life and achievement, Lanfranc's exceptional stature as Archbishop of Canterbury is apparent. In particular aspects of an archbishop's life and work in church and ... More


Early Life

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Lanfranc's birthplace, Pavia, had its origin in the Roman municipium of Ticinum which was established before the Christian era on the River Ticino, just north of its confluence with the River Po. ... More


Monk and Abbot

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter discusses Lanfranc's entry into the monastic order as a fundamental conversion of life, his life as monk, and his years as prior of Bec. There is no positive reason to doubt that ... More


Service Outside the Cloister, c.1042–1070

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

William II, Duke of Normandy, succeeded to the Duchy of Normandy in 1035 as a boy aged only some 7 years. Some features of the Norman church under Duke William are particularly relevant when ... More


Scholar and Teacher

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

As scholar and teacher, Lanfranc's intellectual concerns extended over his lifetime, but they also underwent changes so far as his priorities were concerned. He came to Normandy as a teacher of the ... More


The Move to Canterbury

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter discusses the ecclesiastical background to Lanfranc's becoming Archbishop of Canterbury. In a letter probably of early 1073, Lanfranc testified to his long and stubborn resistance in ... More


The Primacy of Canterbury

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

An ultimate pastoral motive lay behind Lanfranc's thoroughgoing reform and development of the structure and organisation of the Canterbury church as archbishop. Although this was in accordance with ... More


The Church of Canterbury

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

If the endeavour to assert the primacy of Canterbury was one aspect of Lanfranc's renewal of the mother church of the kingdom, a second and complementary concern was with the primatial see itself. In ... More


The Ordering of the English Church

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The effects of Lanfranc's reordering of the English church as Archbishop of Canterbury were profound and lasting. With the support of King William, Lanfranc sought to revive the spiritual authority ... More


The Justification of the Conquest

George Garnett

in Conquered England: Kingship, Succession, and Tenure 1066-1166

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198207931
eISBN:
9780191716775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207931.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter shows that Duke William's claim to be Edward the Confessor's designated, direct successor shaped the way in which the conquest of England was implemented. The kingdom was deemed to be ... More


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