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DETECTOR SYSTEMS

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses conflicts and compromises in detector systems and illustrates different design approaches in a variety of applications. After a discussion of general design considerations, ... More


A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Gian Francesco Giudice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

It is at this very moment that the most ambitious scientific experiment of all time is about to begin, and yet its precise aims are rather poorly understood by the general public. This book provides ... More


Prologue

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the LHC project and its main motivation: the exploration of ‘zeptospace’. Zeptospace is a word invented in this book to designate the world as viewed at lengths of hundred ... More


The Lord of the Rings

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter is devoted to the LHC accelerator complex. It first presents the history of the construction of the LHC and the challenges involved. It then describes the functioning of the LHC, ... More


Supersymmetry

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Superspace is an extension of space-time which includes new coordinates with unusual algebraic rules. The nature of superspace is quantum mechanical, because it requires the concept of particle spin. ... More


Epilogue

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter draws some conclusions, and presents speculations on the possible discoveries at the LHC.


The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics: A Primer for the LHC Era

John Campbell, Joey Huston, and Frank Krauss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199652747
eISBN:
9780191749148
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652747.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The LHC (Large Hadron Collider) will serve as the energy frontier for high-energy physics for the next 20 years. The highlight of the LHC running so far has been the discovery of the Higgs boson, but ... More


Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Laurent Baulieu, Karim Benakli, Michael R. Douglas, Bruno Mansoulie, Eliezer Rabinovici, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is based on lectures at the Les Houches Summer School held in August 2011 for an audience of advanced graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in particle physics, theoretical physics, ... More


Who Cares about Particle Physics?: Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Pauline Gagnon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198783244
eISBN:
9780191826269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783244.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Particle physics is too much fun to leave it only to physicists! CERN, the European laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news, but why are fundamental research and the discovery of ... More


Introduction

John Iliopoulos

in The Origin of Mass: Elementary Particles and Fundamental Symmetries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198805175
eISBN:
9780191843259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805175.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The discovery of a new elementary particle at LHC, the large hadron collider operating at CERN, has stirred great emotion not only in the scientific community, but also in world media. In this little ... More


Epilogue

John Iliopoulos

in The Origin of Mass: Elementary Particles and Fundamental Symmetries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198805175
eISBN:
9780191843259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805175.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The construction of the Standard Theory has been a remarkable achievement of modern theoretical physics. We argue that its very success shows also its limitations. It suggests the existence of novel ... More


Unifying Particle Physics with the Cosmology of the Primordial Universe

José Bernabéu and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The dialogue with physicist José Bernabéu firstly looks into why discovery of the Higgs boson has a spiritual dimension and is a great starting point for new discovery. It then moves on to discuss ... More


Particle physics and cosmology

Pascal Pralavorio

in Post-Planck Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 100, July 2013

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198728856
eISBN:
9780191795794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728856.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines how it is possible to deduce consequences of particle physics for cosmology in light of the recent systematic exploration of the electroweak scale by experiments at the Large ... More


Data at the LHC

John Campbell, Joey Huston, and Frank Krauss

in The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics: A Primer for the LHC Era

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199652747
eISBN:
9780191749148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652747.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Cross sections have been measured over 14 orders of magnitude at the LHC, with good agreement in general with predictions from QCD and the Standard Model. The only grain of salt of this success story ... More


What Could the Next Big Discoveries Be?

Pauline Gagnon

in Who Cares about Particle Physics?: Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198783244
eISBN:
9780191826269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783244.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN has only just started and could produce enough data in the next twenty years to revolutionize particle physics. If supersymmetric particles exist, the chances ... More


The Large Hadron Collider

Lyndon Evans

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the design principles of the LHC, which gives access to the TeV energy scale for the first time. To achieve this, a number of technological innovations have been necessary. Two ... More


The LHC machine: from beam commissioning to operation and future upgrades

Massimo Giovannozzi

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the current status of the LHC. General machine parameters are reviewed and the beam commissioning process is presented, showing the evolution of the machine’s performance over ... More


The LHC detectors and the first CMS data

Dan Green

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the subsystems of a generic LHC detector and explains how the values of the detector parameters were selected. The design of the LHC detectors follows from the requirement of ... More


About the identification of signals at LHC: analysis and statistics

Bruno Mansoulié

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the main ingredients and steps of the analysis used in the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson decaying into WW (l‎, l‎, νν‎) in the ATLAS experiment. It presents a short ... More


Accelerators and Detectors: The Essential Tools

Pauline Gagnon

in Who Cares about Particle Physics?: Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198783244
eISBN:
9780191826269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783244.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

To produce Higgs bosons, one needs to concentrate a huge amount of energy into a tiny point in space. That is the role of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, which accelerates beams of protons ... More


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