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German Länder and the European Community

Hans‐Georg Gerstenlauer

in The European Union and the Regions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279990
eISBN:
9780191599552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019827999X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

German federalism has been affected by European integration and the Länder have long demanded extended rights in European matters. They have achieved a considerable amount, using constitutional ... More


Austria

Wolfgang C. Müller

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The Domestic Level

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296645
eISBN:
9780191599613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296649.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter on the national co-ordination of European Union (EU) policy in Austria starts by discussing the challenge of co-ordination, and outlining the policy changes and reforms in the lead-up to ... More


The German Case: A Key Moderator in a Competitive Multi‐Level Environment

Andreas Maurer and Wolfgang Wessels

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199248056
eISBN:
9780191601545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248052.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This study of the German permanent representation at Brussels unravels the complexities of co-ordination in a domestic political system characterized by vertical and horizontal pluralism, ... More


Germany

Martin K. Welge and Dirk Holtbrügge

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This case study analyses the possible impact of globalization on the state governance of FDI (foreign direct investment) and NEC (non‐equity forms of cooperation) in Germany in six sections. The ... More


The Länder and German federalism

Arthur Gunlicks

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book provides an introduction to how the Länder (the sixteen states of Germany) function, not only within the country itself, but also within the wider context of Europe's political affairs. It ... More


Elections in the Länder

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Five phases can be distinguished in the development of political parties in the Länder. In order to provide the reader with some of the flavour and spice of Landtag elections, and to better assess ... More


The Länder, the Bundesrat, and the legislative process in Germany and Europe

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Germany's second chamber is unique in the world's federal systems, in that it is a federal, not a Land, organ, in which the member states are represented by their governments (that is, cabinets). ... More


European and foreign policy of the Länder

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

European policy is now to a considerable extent domestic policy in Germany, and many responsibilities that have traditionally belonged to the Länder have been and are today the subjects of European ... More


Conclusion: the German model of federalism

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The most commonly cited characteristic of American federalism is ‘dual federalism’. This refers to constitutionally delegated powers for the federal government and reserve powers for the states, with ... More


Introduction

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Germany, like most European states, has a well-established parliamentary system with the typical array of rights and liberties associated with all recognised, functioning democracies. Germany is a ... More


The origins of the Länder

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Questions about identity have been asked for centuries in Germany, and to some extent are still asked today. Following the French Revolution, the concept of the state was modified to include a ... More


Theory and constitutional framework of German federalism

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

As in the case of the American states, the Länder in Germany existed before the federation. But, unlike the United States, there is no legal controversy in Germany over the role of the states as ... More


Administrative structures in Germany

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

To some extent the Allies tried after World War II to break older administrative traditions in Germany, but the Americans and French looked for guidance at the pre-Nazi administrative structures in ... More


The Land constitutions

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

For almost forty years after the federal constitution went into effect, little attention was paid to state (Land) constitutions in Germany. At the end of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s, ... More


Financing the federal system

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

According to the official English translation of Article 20, para. 1, of the Basic Law, the Federal Republic of Germany is a ‘democratic and social federal state’. A better translation might be ‘a ... More


The German Land parliaments (Landtage)

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

In the Kaiserreich of 1871–1918, the German Constitution gave the central government only a brief catalogue of powers, with all other powers reserved for the states. However, the central state also ... More


Parties and politics in the Länder

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The American party system stands in sharp contrast to the German political parties, which, in spite of regional party organisations of varying strength, are hierarchically organised and member-based, ... More


Bavarian defence of the Heimat in Europe

Eve Hepburn

in Using Europe: Territorial Party Strategies in a Multi-level System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081385
eISBN:
9781781703236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081385.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter shows that, whilst all parties are unquestionably pro-European, this masks a growth of scepticism about what Europe can do for Bavarians, and where its limits should be drawn. Demands ... More


Statist policy advice: policy analysis in the German Länder

Roland Sturm and Markus M. Müller

in Policy analysis in Germany

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306252
eISBN:
9781447310983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter argues that while there is a fully developed government apparatus at the Länder level, as well as complete sets of actors and interests of civil society, there is still a major lack of ... More


Media Ownership and Concentration in Germany

Julia Bösch, Max-Josef Meier, Philipp Rösch-Schlanderer, and Achim Ekkehard Henning Wolf

in Who Owns the World's Media?: Media Concentration and Ownership around the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199987238
eISBN:
9780190210182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987238.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics, Economic Sociology

This chapter looks at media ownership and concentration in Germany. Once it has given an overview of the German media landscape, the chapter focuses on print media (newspapers, book publishing, ... More


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