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Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

George Basalla

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book records the long scientific search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Although philosophical speculation about alien civilizations dates to antiquity, the invention of the telescope ... More


Reconstructing Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many of the perceived failures of Aristotelian natural philosophy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries were put down to his conception of method. In fact, both defenders of Aristotle and his ... More


Newton's Phenomena

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the phenomena Newton cites. It introduces Römer’s measurement of a finite speed of light obtained from eclipses of one of Jupiter’s moons. It reviews Newton’s Phenomenon 1 and ... More


The giants

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newton truly did stand on the shoulders of giants whose work prepared the way for modern science. For astronomy and gravity, these were Ptolemy, Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler. Their individual ... More


The universal force

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the last half of the 18th century, the validity of the inverse square law was an urgent question. Kepler's laws of motion showed how the planets revolve around the Sun, but the form of the law ... More


The system of the world

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

From the Sun to beyond Pluto, giant worlds, mini-planets, moons, and comets move in thrall to the law of gravitation. This has been called the System of the World for millennia. It is so large that ... More


Life on the Moon

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Life on the Moon — an old notion — was revived by the astronomical work of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century and the invention of the optical telescope in the early 17th century. Galileo ... More


Light and Death: Figuration in Spenser, Kepler, Donne, Milton

Judith H. Anderson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272778
eISBN:
9780823272822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272778.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Death, light, figuration, and, especially, analogical expressions of figuration are the primary subjects of this book. They generate associated interests: the relation of literature and science, the ... More


Histories of Heaven

Alastair Fowler

in Time's Purpled Masquers: Stars and the Afterlife in Renaissance English Literature

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183402
eISBN:
9780191674037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183402.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Renaissance science and theology interacted rather than diverged, in a period of fruitful dialogue. Renaissance astronomy, with its combination of ... More


Theorems on order

Barry M. McCoy

in Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556632
eISBN:
9780191723278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556632.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses Hales proof of Kepler's conjecture for densest packing of hard spheres and recent extensions to hard ellipsoids. It gives the proofs of lack of certain types of order in one ... More


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