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Georgia

Natalie Kuchinka‐Lančava and Florian Grotz

in Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Volume I: Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249589
eISBN:
9780191600029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924958X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Includes all relevant information on national elections and referendums held in Kazakhstan since 1990. Part I gives a comprehensive overview of Kazakhstan's political history, outlines the evolution ... More


Trust in Building Multicultural Democratic Societies: Estonia, Moldova, and Kazakhstan

Wanda Dressler

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

After the implosion of the Soviet Union, democratization processes in all the post-Soviet republics took their specific paths. This chapter highlights the particular characteristics of these ... More


Introduction

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter first sets out the book's purpose, namely to explore the role played by the Gulag in the Soviet polity. It provides a close study of the camps and exiles in the Karaganda region of ... More


Reforming Resource-Abundant Transition Economies: Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Richard M. Auty

in Resource Abundance and Economic Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199275786
eISBN:
9780191602160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275785.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of natural resources on transition reform in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan using the rapid reform model. Natural resource endowment was incorporated into the model to ... More


Reform Paths in Central Asian Transitional Economies

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Vladimir Popov (eds)

in Transition and Institutions: The Experience of Gradual and Late Reformers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242184
eISBN:
9780191697043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242184.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter investigates the reform paths of four Central Asian Republics (CARs): Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It analyses their reform strategies and identifies ... More


The Price of Access: Contracts and Corruption

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199929825
eISBN:
9780199950485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 8 examines the deteriorating levels of corruption in Central Asia and explores how outside actors have contributed to some of these practices. The chapter overviews alleged corruption ... More


Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In recent years, there has been a regression of democracy and a growing resistance to Western democratization efforts within the governments of Central Asian states. To uncover the sources of the ... More


Political Regimes in Central Asia: Two Decades after Independence

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter discusses the lack of true democracy in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan in order to set the stage for a presentation of the study's findings. In the mid-1980s the leadership in ... More


A Framing Perspective on Democracy Promotion

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with a discussion of international perspectives on democratization, premised on the assumption that the strategies of international actors determine the outcomes of democracy ... More


Models of Governance Promoted by Russia and China

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines alternative democracy promotion frames advocated by Russia and China through their foreign policies toward the Central Asian states, including through regional organizations ... More


Central Asian Democracy Frames

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explains how the leaders of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan devised and actively disseminated their own rhetorical and ideological subsets of democracy, presented under the guises ... More


Democracy in the Public Eye

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores beliefs, understandings, and attitudes toward various aspects of democracy and democratization among the Central Asian populations, discerned through a public opinion survey and ... More


Assessing the Effectiveness of Democracy Promotion Frames

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this chapter, alternative democracy promotion frames used by the US, EU, Russia, China, and the governments of the Central Asian states are assessed on several dimensions of effectiveness, ... More


Russia and China in Central Asia

Charles E. Ziegler

in The Future of China-Russia Relations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125633
eISBN:
9780813135359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125633.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the Chinese and Russian interests in policy toward Central Asia. It reviews the various elements in Russian and Chinese relations with the countries of post-Soviet Central Asia ... More


Friends and Allies

Michael Stenton

in Radio London and Resistance in Occupied Europe: British Political Warfare 1939-1943

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208433
eISBN:
9780191678004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208433.003.0025
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

In July 1941 Moscow acknowledged a vested British interest in Poland. If Polish soldiers were not pressed into Soviet service or placed under Soviet political discipline, Moscow would feel the lack ... More


Internationalization of the Fuel Cycle and the Nuclear Energy Renaissance: Confronting the Credible Commitment Problem

Adam N. Stulberg

in The Nuclear Renaissance and International Security

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804784177
eISBN:
9780804785303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784177.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter tackles the puzzle of international fuel supply cooperation. It explains why the historical record of multilateral nuclear approaches (MNAs) is mixed even though internationalizing the ... More


Transplantation and Transition: Legality and Legitimacy in the Kazakhstani Legislative Process

Scott Newton

in Law and Informal Practices: The Post-Communist Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199259366
eISBN:
9780191698606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259366.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

‘Legal transplantation’ is a term used for the borrowing or importing of legislative models, concepts, and approaches or even statutory language from another jurisdiction, typically via the offices ... More


Rentierism, Dependency and Sovereignty in Central Asia

Wojciech Ostrowski

in Sovereignty After Empire: Comparing the Middle East and Central Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748643042
eISBN:
9780748653270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643042.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Twenty years after becoming independent states, all five Central Asian republics can be broadly characterized as either rentier or semi/quasirentier states. The ‘classic’ rentier states — Kazakhstan ... More


Bribery, Favoritism, and Clientelism: Evidence from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter details the petty corruption that goes on in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The interviews conducted offer direct evidence that citizens use bribes, personal connections, and promises of ... More


Market Actors as an Unrealized Alternative: The Effect of Market Reforms

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter demonstrates how market reform has limited market actors' ability to provide goods and services, and thus has encouraged citizens to seek them illicitly from government officials. ... More


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