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Marx and Darwin: A Reconsideration

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Many commentators have claimed that Marx's materialist conception of history owes something to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. Why else, they ask, would Marx have offered to dedicate a ... More


New Marx for Old? Marxism, Humanity, and Ecology

Mathew Humphrey

in Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The proponents of an ecologically inspired form of Marxism, or a Marx‐inspired form of political ecology, argue that eco‐Marxism transcends the anthropocentric‐ecocentric dichotomy, and this chapter ... More


Vico and Marx on ‘Making’ History

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Although both Giambattista Vico and Karl Marx claimed that men `make’ their own history, each had a different view of what `making’ means and what it entails. Both agreed that humans have a special ... More


Alienation and Communism

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Socialists have attacked market economies on the grounds that they create personal relationships that are alienating rather than communal. Taking Marx's theory of alienation as its main point of ... More


From the Second American Revolution to the First International and Back Again: Marxism, the Popular Front, and the American Civil War

Andrew Zimmerman

in The World the Civil War Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624181
eISBN:
9781469624204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624181.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines how the American Civil War influenced Karl Marx and changed the meaning of revolution, and particularly the American Revolution of 1861–1877. Through their observations and ... More


From Rags to Risches: On Marx's Other Jewish Question

Jay Geller

in The Other Jewish Question: Identifying the Jew and Making Sense of Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233618
eISBN:
9780823241781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233618.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter demonstrates how the role of Judentum in Karl Marx's work cannot be limited to its few explicit discussions such as in “On the Jewish Question.” Though Marx did not self-identify as a ... More


Rouseau and Marx

Robert Wokler and Christopher Brooke

Bryan Garsten (ed.)

in Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147888
eISBN:
9781400842407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147888.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The political theories of Rousseau and Marx arouse stronger feelings than do most doctrines, and they have exercised a greater influence on the course of social revolutions than have the ideas of any ... More


Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx versus Friedrich List

Roman Szporluk

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195051032
eISBN:
9780199854417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Three years before publication of the Communist Manifesto Karl Marx began work on a critique of a movement that was gaining popularity as a challenge to capitalism—nationalism, as put forth by the ... More


Morality and the Dialectic Method (1857–1883)

Philip J. Kain

in Marx and Ethics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239321
eISBN:
9780191679896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239321.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Karl Marx's doctrine of historical materialism, as developed in the German Ideology, led to the implication that morality was ideological illusion, an implication that at least before 1853 Marx fully ... More


Shakespeare’s Universal Wolf: Studies in Early Modern Reification

Hugh Grady

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198130048
eISBN:
9780191671906
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198130048.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

William Shakespeare was neither a Royalist defender of order and hierarchy nor a consistently radical champion of social equality, but rather simultaneously radical ... More


Isaiah’s Marx, and Mine

G. A. Cohen

Michael Otsuka (ed.)

in Finding Oneself in the Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148809
eISBN:
9781400845323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148809.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares and contrasts between the perspectives of the author (G. A. Cohen) and of his mentor, Isaiah Berlin, on the thought of Karl Marx. The discussion is intertwined with the author's ... More


Really Existing Nationalisms: A Post-Communist View from Marx and Engels

Erica Benner

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279594
eISBN:
9780191598791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279590.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is widely thought that Marx and Engels lacked a coherent understanding of nationalism. With the collapse of communist regimes and the resurgence of national and ethnic conflicts after the Cold ... More


Bourgeois and Proletarians

G. A. Cohen

Jonathan Wolff (ed.)

in Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the question of the nature of the alienation of the bourgeoisie under capitalism. In particular, it considers the distinction made by Karl Marx in The Holy Family between the ... More


Community and Citizenship

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The radical socialist vision of community associated with thinkers such as Marx, Morris, and Kropotkin sees it as unitary, egalitarian, and all‐embracing. Although this vision is flawed, socialists ... More


Karl Marx’s ‘Critique of Political Economy’: A Critique

Keith Tribe

in The Economy of the Word: Language, History, and Economics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780190211615
eISBN:
9780190211646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190211615.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter reconstructs Marx’s first encounter with political economy in early 1844, using his early notebooks as evidence of what he read, and what he made of what he read. It is shown that since ... More


Karl Marx's Vampires and Grave-diggers

Chris Baldick

in In Frankenstein's Shadow: Myth, Monstrosity, and Nineteenth-Century Writing

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122494
eISBN:
9780191671432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122494.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The most vivid representation of the bourgeoisie's doomed state of possession by irresistible forces is to be found in Karl Marx's repeated images of capital as a vampire. After Friedrich Engels had ... More


Justice, Exploitation, and the End of Morality

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines exploitation—what it is for somebody to be exploited, in what ways people can be and are exploited, whether exploitation necessarily involves coercion, what Karl Marx's ... More


Ideology and Revolution: From Superscience to False Consciousness

Manfred B. Steger

in The Rise of the Global Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the Global War on Terror

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199286942
eISBN:
9780191700408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286942.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The social and industrial revolutions that swept across Europe and the Americas between 1776 and 1848 served as midwives to the birth of a new social imaginary decisively colored by the national. The ... More


Marx's Utopias and Women's Work

Diemut Elisabet Bubeck

in Care, Gender, and Justice

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279907
eISBN:
9780191684319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279907.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that Karl Marx's vision of abundance in the communist utopia only occurred to him as a solution to the necessary labour problem because he failed to consider women's work. ... More


Modelling the Middle Ages: The History and Theory of England's Economic Development

John Hatcher and Mark Bailey

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244119
eISBN:
9780191697333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244119.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Economic History

Most of what has been written on the economy of the Middle Ages is deeply influenced by abstract concepts and theories. The most powerful and popular of these guiding beliefs are derived from ... More


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