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Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Jonathan Klawans

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book reevaluates modern scholarly approaches to ancient Jewish cultic rituals, arguing that sacrifice in particular has been long misunderstood. Various religious and cultural ideologies ... More


Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos: Priests, Purity, Sacrifice, and Angels

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes two distinct symbolic understandings of the Jerusalem temple and its rituals. It finds evidence for a belief in the temple as representing the cosmos in Josephus, Philo and ... More


The Hasmonean Dynasty: John Hyrcanus and His Successors

Deborah W. Rooke

in Zadok's Heirs: The Role and Development of the High Priesthood in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269984
eISBN:
9780191600722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269986.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Using material from Josephus (Antiquities xiii–xiv; Jewish War i) and the Psalms of Solomon, examines the descendants of Simon Maccabee, known as the Hasmoneans, who formed a ruling dynasty in ... More


Rome and the Jews: Josephus on ‘Freedom’ and ‘Autonomy’

DANIEL R. SCHWARTZ

in Representations of Empire: Rome and the Mediterranean World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262764
eISBN:
9780191753947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262764.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In Ant. 14. 77, speaking of the Roman conquest and dismemberment of the Hasmonean state in 63 bce, Josephus complains that ‘we lost our freedom and became subject to the Romans’. That is, eleutheria ... More


Opening the Files

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter opens the dossiers on Jesus and Muhammad. The sources on each are, as it turns out, essentially literary: historical biographies composed by the followers of the two holy men, ... More


Flavius Josephus and Flavian Rome

Jonathan Edmondson, Steve Mason, and James Rives (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262120
eISBN:
9780191718533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262120.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Flavian Rome has most often been studied without serious attention to its most prolific extant author, Titus Flavius Josephus. Josephus, in turn, has usually been studied for what he is writing about ... More


Jerusalem under Siege: Marino Sanudo’s Map of the Water Supply, 1320

Evelyn Edson

in Imagining Jerusalem in the Medieval West

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265048
eISBN:
9780191754159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265048.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The map of Jerusalem, which appeared in 1320 in Marino Sanudo's book, Liber secretorum fidelium crucis, has no obvious precursor, though it draws on textual sources from the works of Josephus to the ... More


Jewish Animal Sacrifice in the Period 100 bc–ad 200

Maria‐Zoe Petropoulou

in Animal Sacrifice in Ancient Greek Religion, Judaism, and Christianity, 100 BC to AD 200

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199218547
eISBN:
9780191711503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218547.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The chapter discusses animal sacrifice in the Jerusalem Temple based on sources from the late Second Temple period, that is Philo and Josephus, and of the Mishnah. Animal sacrifice shaped Philo's ... More


Disrupting Acts: Reading Stephen alongside James, the Brother of Jesus

Shelly Matthews

in Perfect Martyr: The Stoning of Stephen and the Construction of Christian Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393323
eISBN:
9780199866618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393323.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter considers the Stephen story alongside extracanonical narratives of the martyrdom of James, found in Hegesippus, Josephus, and the Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions 1.27–71 to evoke a more ... More


Josephus in the Diaspora

Tessa Rajak

in Flavius Josephus and Flavian Rome

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262120
eISBN:
9780191718533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262120.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter lays out the evidence for the continued importance of Josephus’ personal connections with diaspora ‘Ioudaioi’ in the years after he had settled in Rome. First, Josephus needs to be ... More


The Media of Pharisaic Text‐Interpretive Tradition

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses upon conceptions of written and oral tradition ascribed to the Pharisees, an important group in Second Temple Judean society. It surveys the key sources of knowledge about ... More


After the Canon: The Later Persian Period

Deborah W. Rooke

in Zadok's Heirs: The Role and Development of the High Priesthood in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269984
eISBN:
9780191600722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269986.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Discusses extra‐canonical material that might relate to high priesthood in the fourth century—namely, the narrative of Joannes and Jesus in Josephus, Jewish Antiquities xi. 297–301, and issues of the ... More


The Hidden Years: High Priesthood Under the Ptolemies

Deborah W. Rooke

in Zadok's Heirs: The Role and Development of the High Priesthood in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269984
eISBN:
9780191600722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269986.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Surveys the limited evidence that is available for the political situation in Judah during the Ptolemaic period. The sources examined are the Yehud coins, an excerpt from Hecataeus of Abdera that is ... More


The Maccabean Conquest: Jonathan and Simon the Maccabees

Deborah W. Rooke

in Zadok's Heirs: The Role and Development of the High Priesthood in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269984
eISBN:
9780191600722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269986.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Uses material from Josephus (Antiquities xii), and 1 and 2 Maccabees to examine the changes in the high priesthood leading up to the Maccabean revolt, and the careers of the first two Maccabean ... More


Jews and Christians Survive Rome's Crushing of Revolts

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The destruction of the Temple and banishment of Jews from Jerusalem by the emperor Hadrian made the survival of the Jewish people dependent on the ‘tenacious conservatism of an unassimilated and ... More


Solar and Lunar Calendars

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Ancient sources including the books of Enoch and Jubilees, Qumran and related literature, Philo, Josephus, Graeco‐Roman, and early Christian sources, reveal that a variety of solar and lunar ... More


The New Moon

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The month in Jewish lunar calendars usually began when the new moon crescent was first sighted, as evident from Philo, Josephus, and other literary and epigraphic sources (e.g. the Berenike ... More


Jesus and Empire: The Crucified

Christopher Bryan

in Render to Caesar: Jesus, the Early Church, and the Roman Superpower

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195183344
eISBN:
9780199835584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195183347.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Jesus suffered crucifixion by the Romans. Is this because he was a rebel against Rome? Not according to the evangelists, who claim that the Sanhedrin under Caiaphas initially arraigned Jesus on a ... More


The Tobiad Romance

Lawrence M. Wills (ed.)

in Ancient Jewish Novels: An Anthology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151428
eISBN:
9780199870516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151429.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

An introduction and translation of The Tobiad Romance, which recounts the family drama of wealthy Jews called the Tobiads. It is known only through its use by Josephus in his history entitled ... More


St Paul and the Hebrew Background

James Barr

in Biblical Faith and Natural Theology: The Gifford Lectures for 1991: Delivered in the University of Edinburgh

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263760
eISBN:
9780191600395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263767.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Further investigates the degree to which Paul's arguments depend on a Jewish or a Hellenistic background.


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