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Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Alan Thomas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book seeks to further the debate between ‘cognitivists’ and ‘non-cognitivists’ about the possibility and the nature of moral knowledge. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents the ... More


Justice, Responsibility, and the Demands of Equality

T. M. Scanlon

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the disagreement between Cohen and Rawls on the question of whether individuals should be held responsible for their tastes and preferences. It notes the difference in principle, ... More


Rawls and the Abstract Contract

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Rawls's argument in A Theory of Justice, which attempts to derive liberal rights and rules of justice from an original position or contract among people denied full knowledge of ... More


Creating Citizens: Political Education and Liberal Democracy

Eamonn Callan

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292586
eISBN:
9780191598913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292589.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The problem of education in liberal democracies is to ensure the intergenerational continuity of their constitutive political ideals while remaining open to a diversity of conduct and belief that ... More


Public Discourse and Reasonable Pluralism: Rethinking the Requirements of Neutrality

H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the view that religious claims have no legitimate place in the public forum. This exploration involves a critical re-examination of the public versus private distinction that ... More


Contextual Arguments for Liberalism

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Contextual Arguments for Liberalism This chapter examines Rawls's essays published since A Theory of Justice and Charles Larmore's argument in Patterns of Moral Complexity, both of which reject the ... More


Political Liberalism and Contextualism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter puts contextualism to work in analyzing Rawlsian liberalism. Political Liberalism marked a shift in focus in Rawls’s project from the presentation of a conception of justice and its ... More


Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Matt Matravers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book attempts to answer the challenge of showing that morality is not a confidence trick or a fetish. It does so by arguing that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested people could ... More


Distributive Justice

Simon Caney

in Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780198293507
eISBN:
9780191602337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829350X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Having argued, in Ch. 2, that there are universal moral values, the next logical step is to ask what these universal moral values are; this question is pursued in Chs 3 and 4, which consider ... More


Critical Justification

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The internal coherence of any system of political institutions and ideas is only one of the considerations we must have in mind in an account of ultimate justification; there is also the idea of a ... More


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