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Introduction

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a description of Jim Crow reformers. Jim Crow reformers, along with others, played a significant role in shaping the political, economic, and social context in ... More


The Problem of the South and the Beginning of Reform

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Southern liberalism has typically been identified with a small subset of white males. This identification has tended to ignore the southern black men and the southern women (black and white) who also ... More


The Natural Way: Education in the Jim Crow Order

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how the emergence of Jim Crow reform in the 1920s stimulated the emergence of what Jim Crow reformers would call the “golden age” of segregated education. In particular, the ... More


Building the Jim Crow University System

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how Jim Crow reformers used southern universities to create a new southern ideology of race relations and interracialism, which preached that reform inspired by social science ... More


Jim Crow Reform and the Rebirth of Black Political Citizenship

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores how southern African Americans' quest for social citizenship dovetailed with their renewed insistence on the restoration of their political citizenship. Education politics and ... More


The End of Jim Crow Reform

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter traces the ending of Jim Crow reform during the late 1940s as the problem of regime maintenance became more transparent and the order become increasingly subjected not only to external ... More


Lynching, Legitimacy, and Order

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter traces some of the efforts of Jim Crow reformers to transform lynching from a heroic defense of white womanhood and white supremacy, into a manifestation of bad government and social ... More


Southern Reform and the New Deal

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores how Jim Crow reformers, energized by the New Deal and with access to its resources, attempted to further centralize government power in a political order that was characterized ... More


Higher Education for Blacks in the South: Pragmatism and Principle?

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the shaping of higher education for blacks by focusing on the role of Jim Crow reformers, foundations, individual whites, black educational leaders and administrators, and ... More


Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Elizabeth Abel

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book traces the career of Jim Crow signs—simplified in cultural memory to the “colored/white” labels that demarcated the public spaces of the American South—from their intellectual and political ... More


Democratization for the White South

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how the struggle to reshape the southern state would lead to a new struggle for political citizenship for whites. Guided by their belief that the root of the South's problems was ... More


Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Kimberley Johnson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Historians of the Civil Rights era typically treat the key events of the 1950s Brown v. Board of Education — sit-ins, bus boycotts, and marches — as contributing toward a revolutionary social ... More


“We of the North were thoroughly wrong”: How Racial Alliances Mobilized Ideas and Law

Desmond S. King and Rogers M. Smith

in Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142630
eISBN:
9781400839766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142630.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter talks about the complex patterns of racial alliances that emerged during the Jim Crow era. It shows that, shaped by the interactions of a wide range of groups, the patterns and practices ... More


Restroom Doors and Drinking Fountains: Perspective, Mobility, and the Fluid Grounds of Race and Gender

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter brings together sites of assimilation and elimination, beginning with the imaginative bedrock of Jim Crow: the restroom doors and drinking fountains whose parallel alignment, derived ... More


Introduction: Jim Crow’s Cultural Turns

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book examines the pervasive and tenacious and variously mediated web of racial signage that stretched across much of the United States for three-quarters of a century and which lagged several ... More


American Graffiti: The Social Life of Jim Crow Signs

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the material history of Jim Crow signs, their tangible forms, and circuits of transmission. Tracing the signs' “biography” across the twentieth century, it discusses how, ... More


The Signs of Race in the Language of Photography

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter turns to photographic modes of reproduction and from historical to theoretical accounts of photography's role in the construction of racial meaning. It examines the verbal strategies ... More


“We Challenged Jim Crow”: The Journey of Reconciliation and the Emergence of Direct Action Civil Rights Protest in the 1940s

DEREK CHARLES CATSAM

in Freedom's Main Line: The Journey of Reconciliation and the Freedom Rides

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125114
eISBN:
9780813135137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125114.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Four men representing a pacifist human rights organization called the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) and a civil rights organization that advocated the restoration of black rights through ... More


Jim Crow, Economics, and the Politics of Musicianship

INGRID MONSON

in Freedom Sounds: Civil Rights Call Out to Jazz and Africa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195128253
eISBN:
9780199864492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128253.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter begins with a discussion of the segregation of the music business until the mid-1960s. It then looks at the development of a pro-integration discourse in the jazz world that mobilized ... More


Cultural Memory and the Conditions of Visibility: The Circulation of Jim Crow Photographs

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the complex inquiries posed by visual culture studies against the uses of the visual in the construction of cultural memory. It analyzes the pressures that have made Jim Crow ... More


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