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The Drama of Jihad: The Emergence of Salafi Youth in Indonesia

Noorhaidi Hasan

in Being Young and Muslim: New Cultural Politics in the Global South and North

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195369212
eISBN:
9780199871179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369212.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

Using the backdrop of the bloody communal warfare between Muslims and Christians that erupted in the islands of the Moluccas in the eastern part of Indonesia in January 1999, this chapter examines ... More


Intifada to the Rescue

Yezid Sayigh

in Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296430
eISBN:
9780191685224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296430.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

There had been numerous demonstrations and confrontations during the year 1987, the latest in response to the death of four members of the little-known Islamic Jihad. The occupied territories were ... More


Surrender and Capitulation in the Middle East in the Age of the Crusades

John France

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The great age of crusading in the Middle East, from 1095 to 1291, witnessed a collision between peoples inspired by rival religions, each of which had its own conception of Holy War. Crusading was ... More


The thirteenth-century accounts of the battle of Manzikert

Carole Hillenbrand

in Turkish Myth and Muslim Symbol: The Battle of Manzikert

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625727
eISBN:
9780748671359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625727.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter gives translations of Muslim accounts of the battle of Manzikert dating from the thirteenth century. All these narratives are in Arabic; some of them are written in ornate style. The ... More


Forgiveness Toward Humankind

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139914
eISBN:
9780199848935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139914.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In Muslim culture, the restoration of relationships has traditionally required some measure of retribution, tempered with pardon. The Koran and the Tradition have treated retribution as a ... More


Introduction

Sherman A. Jackson

in Initiative to Stop the Violence: Sadat's Assassins and the Renunciation of Political Violence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300196771
eISBN:
9780300211061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196771.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter places the Gamā‘ah’s renunciation of political violence in historical context, including the evolution of the group itself, its key members, its ideological profile and organizational ... More


The Trained Triumphant Soldiers of the Prophet Muhammad: Holy War and Holy Peace in Modern Ottoman History

Mustafa Aksakal

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the role jihad played in Ottoman war- and peace-making from the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca in 1774 to the Ottoman entry into World War I in late October 1914. During the “long ... More


No Grave in the Earth: Antigone's Emigration and Arab Circulations

Edward Ziter

in Antigone on the Contemporary World Stage

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586196
eISBN:
9780191728754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586196.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The well-known Syrian star of film and television, Jihad Saad, staged Antigone's Emigration in 2006 to a packed audience at the Damascus International Theatre Festival. The play — which literally ... More


Islamism as a Revitalization Movement

James Toth

in Sayyid Qutb: The Life and Legacy of a Radical Islamic Intellectual

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790883
eISBN:
9780199332601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790883.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter seven investigates three of Qutb’s most key concepts – the condition of Islamic ignorance, jahiliyya, the vision of God’s dominion, hakimiyya, and the process of going from one to the other, ... More


Rival jihads: Islam and the Great War in the Middle East, 1914–1918: Elie Kedourie Memorial Lecture read 8 July 2014

Eugene Rogan

in British Academy Lectures, 2015-16

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780197266045
eISBN:
9780191851452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266045.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Ottoman Empire, under pressure from its ally Germany, declared a jihad shortly after entering the First World War. The move was calculated to rouse Muslims in the British, French and Russian ... More


Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Simon Staffell and Akil Awan (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Jihadist narratives have evolved dramatically over the past five years, driven by momentous events in the Middle East and beyond; the death of bin Laden; the rise and ultimate failure of the Arab ... More


Islam and Authority before the Colonial Period

Benjamin F. Soares

in Islam and the Prayer Economy: History and Authority in a Malian Town

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622856
eISBN:
9780748670635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622856.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

This chapter elucidates the social and cultural foundations for the way in which Islam has historically been practiced in this region of West Africa and the relationship of different understandings ... More


Colonialism and After

Benjamin F. Soares

in Islam and the Prayer Economy: History and Authority in a Malian Town

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622856
eISBN:
9780748670635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622856.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

This chapter discusses the history of Nioro du Sahel in Mali as a socio-political and religious space in the aftermath of the French colonial conquest, the development of colonial policies toward ... More


“Can't Help but Speak, Can't Help but Play”: Dual Discourse in Arab Music Pedagogy

Ali Jihad Racy, Scott Marcus, and Ted Solís

in Performing Ethnomusicology: Teaching and Representation in World Music Ensembles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520238749
eISBN:
9780520937178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238749.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter opens with a discussion of dual discourse in Arab music pedagogy in an interview with Ali Jihad Racy. It also presents the early background and career trajectory of Ali Jihad Racy's ... More


From 25 January to Islamic State: Transitions in Egyptian Jihadist Narratives

Simon Staffell

in Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The history of the jihadist movement in Egypt provides important lessons about its possible future trajectories. This chapter sets out the history of jihadism in Egypt from Al-Gama‘a al-Islamiyya ... More


The Power of Moral Belief

Scott Atran

in Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253476
eISBN:
9780520934313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253476.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Suicide attacks have grown exponentially in recent years and result in roughly 50% of the casualties due to terrorism. This chapter examines the role of religion in motivating fundamentalist ... More


Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Asma Afsaruddin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In popular and academic literature, jihād is often assumed to refer to “armed combat,” while martyrdom is understood to be invariably of the military kind. This perspective, derived mainly from legal ... More


The Coastal Settlements of Ouzaii and Jnah: Analysis of an Upgrading Project in Beirut

Falk Jähnigen

in Popular Housing and Urban Land Tenure in the Middle East: Case Studies from Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789774165405
eISBN:
9781617971358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165405.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes the many social actors involved in urban planning for two informal settlements in the same southern suburb of Beirut. It studies resident committees that support Hezbollah and ... More


Hausaland’s Islamic Modernity

Sarah Eltantawi

in Shari'ah on Trial: Northern Nigeria's Islamic Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520293779
eISBN:
9780520967144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293779.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter provides a history of the rise of Islam in west Africa, in particular to Hausaland, which is today’s Northern Nigeria. The chapter then concentrates on the Sokoto Jihad and subsequent ... More


The Use of Evolutionary Theory in Modeling Culture and Cultural Conflict

Marc W. D. Tyrrell

in Culture, Conflict, and Counterinsurgency

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804785952
eISBN:
9780804789219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785952.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a model for one potential Darwin theory of cultural evolution. Initially, the author discusses the theoretical work of numerous sources to construct an evolutionary model of ... More


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