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Introduction

Gennady Estraikh

in Soviet Yiddish: Language-Planning and Linguistic Development

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184799
eISBN:
9780191674365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184799.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Soviet Yiddish, especially various peculiarities of its lexicon, has attracted the attention of many scholars and writers. Books and periodicals published in the Soviet Union, coupled with immense ... More


Gershon C. Bacon, The Politics of Tradition: Agudat Yisrael in Poland, 1916–1939. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 1996. 331 pp.

Alan Mittleman

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry an Annual XV 1999

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195134681
eISBN:
9780199848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134681.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Religion

A review of the book, The Politics of Tradition: Agudat Yisrael in Poland, 1916–1939 by Gershon C. Bacon is presented. Students of interwar Polish Jewry, modern Jewish politics and Orthodoxy will ... More


Daniel Blatman, Lema'an herutenu veḥerutkhem: habund bepolin 1939–1949 (For Our Freedom and Yours: The Jewish Labor Bund in Poland 1939–1949). Jerusalem: Yad Vashem and the Avraham Harmen Institute of Contemporary Jewry, 1996. xx + 410 pp.

David Engel

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry an Annual XV 1999

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195134681
eISBN:
9780199848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134681.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Religion

A review of the book, Lema 'an herutenu veherutkhem: habund bepolin 1939–1949 (For Our Freedom and Yours: The Jewish Labor Bund in Poland 1939–1949) by Daniel Blatman is presented. Blatman's ... More


Oded Heilbronner (ed.), Weimar Jewry and the Crisis of Modernization, 1918–1933. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 1994. 318 pp.

Yeshayahu A. Jelinek

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry an Annual XV 1999

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195134681
eISBN:
9780199848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134681.003.0026
Subject:
History, History of Religion

A review of the book, Weimar Jewry and the Crisis of Modernization, 1918–1933 by Oded Heilbronner (ed.) is presented. This book is a collection of essays. It has neither introduction nor conclusion, ... More


The Jewish Soldier between Memory and Reality

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the Jews' historic self-image as a people that shuns what the Hebrew writer S.Y. Agnon called “the craft of Esau, the waging of war.” The notion of Jews as wards of divine and ... More


The Mongol Shock: Can Judaism Survive when Trade and Urban Economies Collapse?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at the Mongol invasion of Persia and Mesopotamia, beginning in 1219 and culminating in the razing of Baghdad in 1258. The Mongol invasion of Persia and Mesopotamia contributed to ... More


God and David

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter deals with an exegesis of Daniel 7:9, found only in the Babylonian Talmud, which boldly assigns the Messiah–King David a throne in heaven, next to that of God. This presents a clear ... More


Introduction

JONATHAN I. ISRAEL

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550–1750

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198219286
eISBN:
9780191678332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219286.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

The early modern period in the context of Jewish history is often regarded by several authors as an extension of the Middle Ages, without considering that this may comprise an entirely new era in ... More


The Centrifugal Movement

Benjamin Harshav

in Language in Time of Revolution

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520079588
eISBN:
9780520912960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520079588.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter concentrates on the Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern European origin a) because they constituted the overwhelming majority of world Jewry at the beginning of this period and b) because it was ... More


Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Geoffrey Cantor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This study examines how two religious minorities — the Quaker and Anglo-Jewish communities — engaged with the sciences. It argues that for both Quakers and Jews, science offered educational and ... More


Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Marion A. Kaplan (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This examination of the everyday lives of ordinary Jews in Germany focuses on emotions, perceptions, and mentalities. How did they construe changes brought about by industrialization? How did they ... More


Introduction: Science in ‘Dissenting’ Religious Communities

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

A number of historiographical problems are addressed concerning ‘Science and Religion’ to provide a grounding for present study. This study focuses on two religious communities — the Quakers and ... More


Two Communities

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter provides a brief outline of the histories of the Quaker and Anglo-Jewish communities, from the mid-17th century to the end of the 19th century. The development of Quakerism is charted ... More


Jewish Attitudes and Practices

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter opens with a discussion on some of the contexts in which science was deployed intersected with Jewish observance during the 19th century, including calendar-making, the use of electric ... More


Jewish Responses to Evolution

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Drawing mainly on the Anglo-Jewish periodical press, it appears that Jewish writers were generally supportive of Darwin’s theory of evolution. Having been chastised on many occassions as ... More


Introduction

Renee Levine Melammed

in A Question of Identity: Iberian Conversos in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195170719
eISBN:
9780199835416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195170717.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Spanish Jewry was adept at adapting over the centuries to the changes in rule, from Visigoth to Muslim and finally to the Catholic reconquest. Nevertheless, the riots of 1391 and the forced ... More


Historical Comparisons and Historiographical Reflections

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The scientific practices and attitudes to science of the Quaker and Jewish communities are compared and contrasted. Quakers tended to be more involved in science — especially the observational ... More


Hans Pfitzner Magister Teutonicus Miser

Michael H. Kater

in Composers of the Nazi Era: Eight Portraits

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195099249
eISBN:
9780199870004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099249.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter begins by mentioning how other artists see Hans Pfitzner as a composer. It also tells of Pfitzner's professional and personal life. It discusses some of his great works and ideas. It ... More


Writing as Resistance? Bearing Witness in the Warsaw Ghetto

Zoe Vania Waxman

in Writing the Holocaust: Identity, Testimony, Representation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199541546
eISBN:
9780191709739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541546.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the work of Emmanuel Ringelblum, a trained social historian and teacher, who initiated the Warsaw-based secret archives of Oneg Shabbat (Sabbath Delight: a code-name for the ... More


Education

Steven M. Lowenstein

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows that virtually every German Jew born in the second and third quarters of the 19th century received an elementary German education and could read and write German. Advanced Talmudic ... More


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