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70 CE–1492: How Many Jews Were There, and Where and how did they Live?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes how many Jews there were, where they lived, and how they earned their living from the time of the destruction of the Second Temple to the mass expulsion of the Jews from the ... More


When May We Kill Our Brethren? Jews at War

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Jewish wartime sensibilities. As Jews began to serve in substantial numbers in the armies of Europe and North America, their patriotic inclinations clashed with their ... More


 The Transnational Struggle for Jewish Pluralism

Yossi Shain

in Democracy and the New Religious Pluralism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195307221
eISBN:
9780199785513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307221.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the relationship between the American Jewish community and Israel from the perspective of a transnational struggle over Jewish pluralism. The question of Jewish identity in ... More


The Jewish Community Health Survey of Chicago: Methodology and Key Findings

Maureen R. Benjamins

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter summarizes findings from the groundbreaking Jewish Community Health Survey. Overall, the findings indicate that the individuals in this community were as healthy (or healthier) than the ... More


Children of Intermarriage: How “Jewish”?

Peter Y. Medding

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: Volume XIV: Coping with Life and Death: Jewish Families in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195128208
eISBN:
9780199854592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128208.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

In 1990, the second National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS) again focused national attention on intermarriage with the much-publicized finding that 52 percent of Jews who had married between 1985 ... More


German Jews and Their Social Relationships

Steven M. Lowenstein

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows that Jewish social life in the 19th century slowly became more sophisticated and less exclusive. Numerous German Jews acquired manners appropriate to polite gentile society and ... More


Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Marion A. Kaplan (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This examination of the everyday lives of ordinary Jews in Germany focuses on emotions, perceptions, and mentalities. How did they construe changes brought about by industrialization? How did they ... More


Mythologies and Realities of Jewish Life in Prerevolutionary St. Petersburg

Benjamin Nathans

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry an Annual XV 1999

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195134681
eISBN:
9780199848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134681.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter analyzes the development of St. Petersburg Jewry as a community on the front line of the encounter with Russians and the tsarist state. Beginning with an analysis of the origins and ... More


Introduction: Emancipation and the Modern Jewish Identity

Michael Clark

in Albion and Jerusalem: The Anglo-Jewish Community in the Post-Emancipation Era

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562343
eISBN:
9780191721441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562343.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This introductory chapter discusses issues of modern Jewish identity and definition. Specifically, it explores how emancipation in Europe's nation states dissolved traditional patterns of Jewish ... More


Toward a Theory of Disproportionate American Jewish Liberalism

Geoffrey Brahm Levey

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XI: Values, Interests, and Identity: Jews and Politics in a Changing World

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195103311
eISBN:
9780199854585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195103311.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Jews have risen to become one of the best-educated and most economically secure ethno-religious groups in the United States. Some of the existing theories explain why American Jews are, or have been, ... More


Religious Practice in the Synagogue and at Home

Trude Maurer

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0024
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the revival of Jewish culture in general, and also more specifically in the Jewish Communities and religious life during the Weimar Republic. Large segments of German Jewry ... More


Introduction

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Jews' transition into urban and skilled occupations. This transition was the outcome of a profound transformation of the Jewish religion after ... More


Emancipation Politics and Party Politics

Geoffrey Alderman

in Modern British Jewry

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207597
eISBN:
9780191677731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207597.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The issue of political emancipation dominated the communal agenda of the Anglo–Jewish leadership during the middle years of the 19th century. There was, however, no unanimity of view as to the ... More


Associational Life and Voluntary Action

Rainer Liedtke

in Jewish Welfare in Hamburg and Manchester c.1850–1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207238
eISBN:
9780191677564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207238.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter concentrates on a multitude of smaller Jewish charities and self-help institutions for a variety of purposes. It deals with subjects which are either unique to one city, such as the ... More


Jewish Sources

Nicholas De Lange

in Byzantines and Crusaders in Non-Greek Sources, 1025-1204

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263785
eISBN:
9780191734304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263785.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter provides a brief introduction of the Byzantine Jewish community. It presents the different types of writing that originated from the period and which are still being used today. The ... More


Albion and Jerusalem: The Anglo-Jewish Community in the Post-Emancipation Era

Michael Clark

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562343
eISBN:
9780191721441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562343.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Lionel de Rothschild's hard-fought entry into Parliament in 1858 marked the emancipation of Jews in Britain — the symbolic conclusion of Jews' campaign for equal rights and their inclusion as ... More


Fighting Childhood Obesity in a Jewish Community

Maureen R. Benjamins

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Inspired by the power of having specific health data for one's own community, leaders of the Jewish community in Chicago undertook the steps necessary to conduct a similar survey within the most ... More


Michael Brown, The Israeli-American Connection: Its Roots in the Yishuv, 1914–1945. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1996. 396 pp.Allon Gal, (ed.), Envisioning Israel: The Changing Ideals and Images of North American Jews. Jerusalem and Detroit: Magnes Press and Wayne State University Press, 1966. 444 pp.

Melvin I. Urofsky

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry an Annual XV 1999

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195134681
eISBN:
9780199848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134681.003.0040
Subject:
History, History of Religion

A review of the books, The Israeli-American Connection: Its Roots in the Yishuv, 1914–1945 by Michael Brown and Envisioning Israel: The Changing Ideals and Images of North American Jews by Allon Gal, ... More


Leisure Time and Social Life

Trude Maurer

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0025
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the degree of integration of Jews with the non-Jewish environment and the bonds within the Jewish community. Although ostracized from German cultural life, Jews held fast to ... More


Bankers and Brokers, Peddlers and Pickpockets (1700–1800)

Todd M. Endelman

in The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227194
eISBN:
9780520935662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227194.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the Jewish community in England during the resettlement period. The Jewish community of the resettlement period was overwhelmingly Spanish and Portuguese in origin. Most ... More


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