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The Advent of the Modern Fauna: On the Births and Deaths of Species, 1801–1831

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about the earliest decades of the scientific study of “transmutation,” previously called evolution, in which early evolutionists focused on the search for a natural causal ... More


Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Niles Eldredge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book follows the development of evolutionary science over the past two hundred years. It highlights the fact that life endures even though all organisms and species are transitory or ephemeral. ... More


Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: From Myth to History

Pietro Corsi

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an overview of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck's life and his works, including his theories and contributions to evolutionary thought. Lamarck' s theories were expounded in his central ... More


Competing Visual Metaphors

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the rise of the tree as a prominent visual metaphor. Beginning in the mid-eighteenth century, European scientists struggled to keep pace with the work of classifying organisms ... More


Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1809—the year of Charles Darwin's birth—Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach ... More


Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


Of Mice and Men: Malthus, Weismann, and the Future of Socialism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the ways British socialists interpreted evolution. As Fabianism and Marxism became more prominent, the Lamarkian and anti-Malthusian politics of men like William Morris and ... More


Correlation Crosses the Channel

Gowan Dawson

in Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the Franco-German contexts in which the law of correlation originated, and also considers how Cuvier’s law was used to thwart the transmutationism of Lamarck. It examines ... More


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