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Pogrom in Gujarat: Hindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India

Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151762
eISBN:
9781400842599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151762.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In 2002, after an altercation between Muslim vendors and Hindu travelers at a railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat, fifty-nine Hindu pilgrims were burned to death. The ruling nationalist ... More


Continuing Reforms in the Era of Coalition Politics

Suresh D. Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

in Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses some speculative suggestions about the sustainability and ownership of reforms. The critical role of the emergence of regional parties in national politics with neutral ... More


FORGING POWER: Coalition Politics in India

BIDYUT CHAKRABARTY

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676761
eISBN:
9780199081554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676761.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This volume looks at the evolution of coalition politics in India, both at the national and provincial levels. It investigates the processes that led to coalition governments. It explores the ... More


An Irregular Dissolution 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter comments on President K. R. Narayanan's decision to dissolve the Lok Sabha on December 4, 1997. It suggests that Narayanan's action showed high sense of presidential accountability to ... More


Political Topography

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State: A Biography of Gujarat

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076933
eISBN:
9780199080908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076933.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Politics anchors this biography of an Indian region. This chapter charts Gujarat's political topography, beginning with the decades preceding independence. It suggests that current patterns of ... More


The Options When a Government Loses its Majority 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter addresses constitutional questions that arose in the aftermath of the Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) withdrawal of support to the National Front on 23 October 1990. There were four ... More


Expulsions and the Law on Defections 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0038
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter criticises Speaker of the Lok Sabha Shivraj Patil's thoughts about the expulsion of Janata Dal's twenty-five members in Lok Sabha from December 1990 to July 1992. Patil argued that the ... More


Resignation of Disqualified Ministers 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0040
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the conflict between Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar and Lok Sabha Speaker Rabi Ray because of the latter's decision to disqualify eight Janata Dal members of Lok Sabha under ... More


The Centre's Fact-finding Teams in the States 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0056
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the fact-finding teams that the BJP-dominated government at the Centre sent to states ruled by other parties. The Rapid Action Force (RAF)'s specific task was to assist in ... More


From National Identity to Plural Identities

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the shift from national identity to plural identities that came to be reflected in the Parliament of India. In the 1980s and 1990s, many members of the Parliament increasingly ... More


Social Justice and Quotas in Government Jobs for Other Backward Classes: The Mandal Debate, 1990

Rochana Bajpai

in Debating Difference: Group Rights and Liberal Democracy in India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067504
eISBN:
9780199080410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067504.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter reconstructs arguments for and against the extension of employment quotas to the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the 1990 Mandal debate, focusing on the concept of social justice. It ... More


India's ‘Two-Level’ Negotiations

Harsh V. Pant

in THE US-INDIA NUCLEAR PACT: Policy, Process, and Great Power Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198073963
eISBN:
9780199080809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073963.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The nuclear pact between India and the United States triggered a heated debate not only in both countries but also in the larger international community. This is attributed to the wide-ranging ... More


Ayodhya and the Politics of Religion

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira: Policy, Power, Political Change (1984-2009)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195685978
eISBN:
9780199082216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter is concerned with the position and response of the Congress and its governments to the aggravation of the Ayodhya dispute, which resulted in seriously weakening the party. An ... More


Regime Change and Working a Coalition

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira: Policy, Power, Political Change (1984-2009)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195685978
eISBN:
9780199082216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the regime change in the Congress in the 1990s. It suggests that the 1996 elections marked the end of the Congress epoch in Indian politics and explains that repeated electoral ... More


Postscript

Vinay Lal

in The History of History: Politics and Scholarship in Modern India

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195672442
eISBN:
9780199081929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195672442.003.0007
Subject:
History, Historiography

When the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its allies lost in the election of 2004, it marked a significant development in Indian politics and a shining moment in Indian democracy. The elections of ... More


The Beg Court (1977–8)

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter describes the Beg Court of 1977–8. The next-in-line to follow Ray as CJI was H.R. Khanna but it was no surprise, just hours before Ray’s retirement on 28 January 1977, the government ... More


The Chandrachud Court (1978–85)

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter describes the Chandrachud Court of 1978–85. The Janata regime was pledged to restore the independence of the judiciary but had not committed itself to restoring the convention of ... More


Agents

Sanjoy Chakravorty

in The Price of Land: Acquisition, Conflict, Consequence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198089544
eISBN:
9780199082438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089544.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter identifies the agents or actors in contemporary land acquisition processes: the traditional buyers (typically the state) and sellers, and the new agents: political parties and civil ... More


The Janata Experiment, 1977–9

Bidyut Chakrabarty

in FORGING POWER: Coalition Politics in India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676761
eISBN:
9780199081554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676761.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the coalition experiment of the Janata Party in 1977 and evaluates its importance in the context of the regionalization of Indian politics. The Janata Party alliance exemplified ... More


Nation and Infra-Nationalisms: Secular-Nationalism Gomes Apart

Aditya Nigam

in The Insurrection of Little Selves: The Crisis of Secular Nationalism in India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676068
eISBN:
9780199081752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676068.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines how the nation and the crisis of secular-nationalism unravelled in India, focusing on the conjunctures of the 1980s and 1990s. With respect to the 1980s, the chapter focuses on ... More


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