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Introduction

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Earlier Western researchers have often assumed that the history of Arabic-Islamic philosophy ended with Averroes at the turn to the 13th century and that al-Ghazali’s critique of philosophy in his ... More


Avicenna’s Intellectual and Historical Milieu

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter covers the historical, cultural, and intellectual background up to and during the time of Avicenna. It begins by presenting the Greek course curriculum taught at the ... More


Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Sanjeer Alam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The debate over educational disparities across religious communities in India, especially those concerning the Muslims, is as old as the history of the modern education system in the country. This ... More


Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Frank Griffel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Al-Ghazali (d. 1111) is one of the most important theologians, philosophers, and Sufis of Islam. Born around 1056 in northeastern Iran, he became the holder of the most prestigious academic post in ... More


Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700-1350)

Livnat Holtzman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748689569
eISBN:
9781474444828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689569.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

More than any other issue in early and medieval Islamic theology, anthropomorphism (tashbīh) stood at the heart of many theological debates. These debates were not purely intellectual; they were ... More


Religion and Education: Theoretical Foundations

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The question of what explains relative educational backwardness among the Muslim communities of India has remained a puzzle. Is it Islamic theology that prevents the Muslims from taking advantage of ... More


“No Salvation Outside Islam”: Muslim Modernists, Democratic Politics, and Islamic Theological Exclusivism

Mohammad Fadel

in Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199945399
eISBN:
9780199980796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In chapter 2, Mohammad Fadel contends that the introduction of liberal democratic ideals in the Muslim world has fostered greater toleration of non-Muslims, both legally and soteriologically. ... More


A Qur’anic Perspective on the Eschatological Role of Jesus

Zeki Saritoprak

in Islam's Jesus

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049403
eISBN:
9780813050171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049403.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The chapter begins by giving a brief introduction to the terminology used in Islamic theology when discussing Jesus's eschatological role, especially the term nuzul. The chapter then examines Islamic ... More


Realism and the Real: Islamic Theology and the Problem of Alternative Expressions of God

Tim Winter

in Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199945399
eISBN:
9780199980796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In chapter 6, Tim Winter argues that Islamic monotheism is inherently at odds with the paradigm of religious pluralism as conventionally understood. According to the Islamic ethos, there can only be ... More


Introduction

Mairaj U. Syed

in Coercion and Responsibility in Islam: A Study in Ethics and Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788775
eISBN:
9780191830846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788775.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces the types of conceptual problems coercion posed to responsibility through the use of hypothetical scenarios. It summarizes Alasdair MacIntyre’s argument that rationality ... More


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