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Introduction

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Earlier Western researchers have often assumed that the history of Arabic-Islamic philosophy ended with Averroes at the turn to the 13th century and that al-Ghazali’s critique of philosophy in his ... More


Avicenna’s Intellectual and Historical Milieu

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter covers the historical, cultural, and intellectual background up to and during the time of Avicenna. It begins by presenting the Greek course curriculum taught at the ... More


Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Sanjeer Alam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The debate over educational disparities across religious communities in India, especially those concerning the Muslims, is as old as the history of the modern education system in the country. This ... More


Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Frank Griffel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Al-Ghazali (d. 1111) is one of the most important theologians, philosophers, and Sufis of Islam. Born around 1056 in northeastern Iran, he became the holder of the most prestigious academic post in ... More


Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700-1350)

Livnat Holtzman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748689569
eISBN:
9781474444828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689569.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

More than any other issue in early and medieval Islamic theology, anthropomorphism (tashbīh) stood at the heart of many theological debates. These debates were not purely intellectual; they were ... More


Religion and Education: Theoretical Foundations

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The question of what explains relative educational backwardness among the Muslim communities of India has remained a puzzle. Is it Islamic theology that prevents the Muslims from taking advantage of ... More


“No Salvation Outside Islam”: Muslim Modernists, Democratic Politics, and Islamic Theological Exclusivism

Mohammad Fadel

in Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199945399
eISBN:
9780199980796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In chapter 2, Mohammad Fadel contends that the introduction of liberal democratic ideals in the Muslim world has fostered greater toleration of non-Muslims, both legally and soteriologically. ... More


A Qur’anic Perspective on the Eschatological Role of Jesus

Zeki Saritoprak

in Islam's Jesus

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049403
eISBN:
9780813050171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049403.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The chapter begins by giving a brief introduction to the terminology used in Islamic theology when discussing Jesus's eschatological role, especially the term nuzul. The chapter then examines Islamic ... More


Realism and the Real: Islamic Theology and the Problem of Alternative Expressions of God

Tim Winter

in Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199945399
eISBN:
9780199980796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In chapter 6, Tim Winter argues that Islamic monotheism is inherently at odds with the paradigm of religious pluralism as conventionally understood. According to the Islamic ethos, there can only be ... More


Introduction

Mairaj U. Syed

in Coercion and Responsibility in Islam: A Study in Ethics and Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788775
eISBN:
9780191830846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788775.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces the types of conceptual problems coercion posed to responsibility through the use of hypothetical scenarios. It summarizes Alasdair MacIntyre’s argument that rationality ... More


Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others

Mohammad Hassan Khalil (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199945399
eISBN:
9780199980796
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In this groundbreaking volume, eminent and up-and-coming scholars, representing a diversity of backgrounds and viewpoints, address the question of non-Muslim salvation: according to the Islamic ethos ... More


Embracing Relationality and Theological Tensions: Muslima Theology, Religious Diversity, and Fate

Jerusha Lamptey

in Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199945399
eISBN:
9780199980796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In chapter 10, Jerusha Lamptey problematizes the widely held assumption that there exist “impermeable boundaries” between the various groups described in Islamic scripture. According to Lamptey, the ... More


Celestial Bodies Seen from Deccan Soil

Scott Kugle

in When Sun Meets Moon: Gender, Eros, and Ecstasy in Urdu Poetry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469626772
eISBN:
9781469626796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626772.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explains how Islam developed in the Deccan, because religion and region shaped these poets’ experiences of gender, sexuality, and poetry. It illustrates the development of Islam in ... More


Compulsion and Moral Agency in Muʿtazilism

Mairaj U. Syed

in Coercion and Responsibility in Islam: A Study in Ethics and Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788775
eISBN:
9780191830846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788775.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces the problem that compulsion raised in theology: whether the absence of compulsion was a condition for moral agency. It identifies the position that God is rationally Just as ... More


Ottoman Puritanism and its Discontents: Ahmad al-Rumi al-Aqhisari and the Qadizadelis

Mustapha Sheikh

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198790761
eISBN:
9780191833250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790761.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This book is about the emergence of a new activist Sufism in the Muslim world from the sixteenth century onwards, which emphasised personal responsibility for putting God’s guidance into practice. It ... More


The Food of the Damned

David M. Freidenreich

in Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199945399
eISBN:
9780199980796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In chapter 11, David M. Freidenreich argues that medieval Muslim legal and theological discussions concerning non-Muslims—even in those cases where scholars promote an inclusivist vision—typically ... More


Revisiting Wiktorowicz: Categorising and Defining the Branches of Salafism

Joas Wagemakers

in Salafism After the Arab Awakening: Contending with People's Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190274993
eISBN:
9780190662998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274993.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The chapter revisits the classic categorization of Salafism Quintan Wiktorowicz put forth in 2006 and challenges the way in which it has been employed. Focusing on theological readings of the ... More


Yaḥyā Ibn ʿAdī on a <i>Kalām</i> Argument for Creation

Peter Adamson and Robert Wisnovsky

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 5

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198806035
eISBN:
9780191843938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806035.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This article offers an analysis, translation, and edition of a brief, recently uncovered Arabic text by the tenth-century CE Christian Aristotelian thinker Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī. Ibn ʿAdī here takes issue ... More


From Ibn Sīnā to Suhrawardī: The Contested Idea of Using Imagination after Death

L. W. C. van Lit

in The World of Image in Islamic Philosophy: Ibn Sina, Suhrawardi, Shahrazuri and Beyond

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474415859
eISBN:
9781474435024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415859.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter knows three sections. First, Ibn Sīnā’s thinking on the role of the imagination in the afterlife is discussed. He works from the paradigm that only philosophers who have fully actualized ... More


Coercion and Responsibility in Islam: A Study in Ethics and Law

Mairaj U. Syed

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788775
eISBN:
9780191830846
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788775.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Coercion and Responsibility in Islam is an exploration of how classical Muslim theologians and jurists belonging to four different intellectual traditions reasoned about the issues coercion raises ... More


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