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Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


The Demise of Chronology

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter continues the discussion of critique’s of Isaac Newton’s The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms. Among these was by Arthur Bedford, whose main objection to Newton’s work, even more than its ... More


Isaac Newton on Prophecies and Idolatry

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

On February 9, 1674/5, Isaac Newton left Cambridge for London, remaining there some five weeks. His main purpose was procuring a Royal dispensation from the statutory requirement of Trinity College ... More


ISAAC NEWTON: RATIONALISING THE UNIVERSE

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by discussing Isaac Newton's biography and private life. It notes some of Newton's traits, which allowed him to face all the hurdles that came his way. It investigates how he ... More


The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

It was around Newton's Principia that most of the issues in eighteenth‐century natural philosophy hinged. The chapter explores the differences between the prevailing cosmological system, that of ... More


Interpreting Words

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

More than three decades separate Isaac Newton’s explorations of astronomical chronology and his youthful engagement with problems of perception and measurement. By the time of his first computations ... More


The War on Newton in England

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes the anticipation surrounding the publication of Isaac Newton’s The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms. The willingness of publisher Jacob Tonson to fork out a sizeable sum of money ... More


Publication and Reaction

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the events surrounding the publication of Isaac Newton’s The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms after his death in 1727. Newton’s indictment of Antonio Conti as the false friend, ... More


Numbers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An account is given of the Forrest‐Armstrong theory of number (Peter Forrest). Natural numbers are argued to be relations holding between a certain property and a certain mereological whole (black ... More


Vibrations and Subtle Fluids

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter introduces the vibration theory, which was unable to dethrone the doctrine of animal spirit. It discusses Isaac Newton's “aether,” which supposedly encompassed the universe and ... More


The Elimination of Absolute Time by the Special Theory of Relativity

William Lane Craig

in God and Time: Essays on the Divine Nature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195129656
eISBN:
9780199849130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129656.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Most physicists and philosophers of science would probably agree with Wolfgang Rindler that with the development of relativity theory Einstein took the step “that would completely destroy the ... More


Troubled Senses

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the roots of Isaac Newton’s interest in natural and historical knowledge. In the late seventeenth century, experiment-based knowledge remained suspect. Technical chronologers ... More


The War on Newton in France

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the French response to Isaac Newton’s The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms. Among these is the critique by Jesuit Etienne Souciet. Souciet divided his remarks into five ... More


The Metaphysical Unity of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The chapter explores the collapse of mechanism and the competition between Newton's and Leibniz's non‐mechanistic models of physical explanation; the relation between Leibniz's metaphysics and his ... More


Troubled Numbers

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter demonstrates how Isaac Newton’s emerging attitudes toward perception, and the very process of measurement itself, were different from those of his contemporaries. It discusses the ... More


Newtonian History

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers Isaac Newton’s conceptualization of the origins of monarchies. In 1702, Newton penned the “Original of Monarchies” following the death of William III. At the heart of the new ... More


Text and Testimony

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the manner in which Isaac Newton handled textual evidence as he grafted his revised idiosyncratic and exceptionally focused chronology. Three sources particularly exercised ... More


Introduction

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Following the publication of The Theory of Moral Sentiments, it appears that Adam Smith gave greater emphasis to jurisprudence and economics at the expense of the ethical material. While the lectures ... More


Newton’s Ontology of Omnipresence and Infinite Space

J. E. Mcguire and Edward Slowik

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume VI

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659593
eISBN:
9780191745218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659593.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the role of God’s omnipresence in Newton’s natural philosophy, with special emphasis placed on how God is related to space. Unlike Descartes’ conception, which denies the ... More


Evidence and History

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes how the interest generated by Isaac Newton’s astronomical chronology extended well into the nineteenth century. Newton’s purpose in bringing calculation to bear on history was ... More


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