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Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


The Demise of Chronology

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter continues the discussion of critique’s of Isaac Newton’s The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms. Among these was by Arthur Bedford, whose main objection to Newton’s work, even more than its ... More


Isaac Newton on Prophecies and Idolatry

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

On February 9, 1674/5, Isaac Newton left Cambridge for London, remaining there some five weeks. His main purpose was procuring a Royal dispensation from the statutory requirement of Trinity College ... More


ISAAC NEWTON: RATIONALISING THE UNIVERSE

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by discussing Isaac Newton's biography and private life. It notes some of Newton's traits, which allowed him to face all the hurdles that came his way. It investigates how he ... More


The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

It was around Newton's Principia that most of the issues in eighteenth‐century natural philosophy hinged. The chapter explores the differences between the prevailing cosmological system, that of ... More


Interpreting Words

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

More than three decades separate Isaac Newton’s explorations of astronomical chronology and his youthful engagement with problems of perception and measurement. By the time of his first computations ... More


The War on Newton in England

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes the anticipation surrounding the publication of Isaac Newton’s The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms. The willingness of publisher Jacob Tonson to fork out a sizeable sum of money ... More


Publication and Reaction

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the events surrounding the publication of Isaac Newton’s The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms after his death in 1727. Newton’s indictment of Antonio Conti as the false friend, ... More


Numbers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An account is given of the Forrest‐Armstrong theory of number (Peter Forrest). Natural numbers are argued to be relations holding between a certain property and a certain mereological whole (black ... More


Troubled Senses

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the roots of Isaac Newton’s interest in natural and historical knowledge. In the late seventeenth century, experiment-based knowledge remained suspect. Technical chronologers ... More


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