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Iceland

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section provides information on the most significant features of government and politics in Iceland. These include data on state structure and offices, parties, government constitutions, ... More


Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Robert Elgie (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Semi‐presidentialism is an increasingly popular form of constitutional government. Semi‐presidential regimes can now be found in Western Europe, in Austria, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, and ... More


Down and Down We Go: Political Trust in Sweden

Sören Holmberg

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In Scandinavia, as demonstrated by the analysis of the World Values Survey in Ch. 2, people remain highly positive towards the political community and democratic principles; nevertheless, support for ... More


Iceland

Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The office of Icelandic president was created in 1944 to take over the functions of the Danish monarch, which were largely ceremonial at that time, and is non‐party political. Although the president ... More


Conflict and Cooperation: American–Western European Relations (not) Redefined, 1969–1977

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the late 1960s, the wider framework for and the basic structure of the North Atlantic alliance was being challenged on virtually all fronts at the same time, causing the need for a reappraisal of ... More


 Whither Christianity?: A Study in Origin, Thought, and Action

Lamin Sanneh

in Disciples of All Nations: Pillars of World Christianity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195189605
eISBN:
9780199868582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189605.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Synopsis: This chapter examines Roman imperial pressure and the persecution that triggered wide‐ranging dispersion and movement in Christianity. Persecution induced habits of vigilance, and ascetic ... More


Social Networks and Community in the Viking Age

Anna Wallette

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

During the Viking Age, the use of private violence was a precondition for social power. Iceland, for instance, was a law-making community but had no executive power to put the laws into effect. ... More


Iceland (1836): ‘L’Invitation au voyage’

Wendy S. Mercer

in The Life and Travels of Xavier Marmier (1808-1892): Bringing World Literature to France

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263884
eISBN:
9780191734830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263884.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The year 1836 was an important year for Marmier, for it marked his first expedition with the Commission du Nord on board the corvette La Recherche to the Scandinavian countries. To his mind, his ... More


Arctic foxes: Consequences of resource predictability in the Arctic fox—two life history strategies

Anders Angerbjörn, Pall Hersteinsson, and Magnus Tannerfeldt

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the life history characteristics of two Arctic fox populations, a relatively stable one in Iceland and a fluctuating one in Sweden. Intraspecific variation in reproductive and ... More


The Christianization of Iceland: Priests, Power, and Social Change 1000-1300

Orri Vesteinsson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207993
eISBN:
9780191677885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207993.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Religion

In this historical study of High-Medieval Iceland, the author investigates the influence of the Christian Church on the formation of the earliest state structures in Iceland, from the conversion in ... More


Premier-Presidentialism, President-Parliamentarism, and Democratic Performance: Indicative Case Studies

Robert Elgie

in Semi-Presidentialism: Sub-Types And Democratic Performance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199585984
eISBN:
9780191729003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585984.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a set of indicative case studies that illustrate the consequences of the two forms of semi-presidentialism. For both, evidence from cases that appear to confirm the hypothesized ... More


In the Country

Owen Chadwick

in The Early Reformation on the Continent

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269021
eISBN:
9780191600470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269021.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Reformed parishes wanted married and educated clergy, but the capacity to support a manse, with a pastor and his family, could be quite beyond the resources of rural communities. Pastors often had ... More


FriendXAdvance Man

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The author has a brief history of collaboration with Skúli Sigurdsson; the first publication of his academic career was coauthored with Sigurdsson. But two different career paths on the two different ... More


DogXWhale

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In this chapter, the author narrates his trip to Húsavík, Iceland for a meeting with deCODE Genetics CEO Kári Stefánsson. Kári and the deCODE team were presenting their plans, wants, needs, wishes, ... More


HistoryXFable

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the deCODE mass media stories, no one leveraged the saga effect better than Robert Kunzig in his December 1998 piece in Discover, “Blood of the Vikings.” The issue was on U.S. newsstands as the ... More


A Nordic Perspective on Natural Resource Abundance

Thorvaldur. Gylfason

in Resource Abundance and Economic Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199275786
eISBN:
9780191602160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275785.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of resource abundance on the economic performance of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Natural resource abundance can retard economic growth by reducing ... More


Viking Law and Order: Places and Rituals of Assembly in the Medieval North

Alexandra Sanmark

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474402293
eISBN:
9781474435260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402293.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Until very recently Viking Age and Old Norse assembly (thing) sites were essentially unknown, apart from a few select sites, such as Thingvellir in Iceland. The Vikings are well-known for their ... More


State and Society, Centre and Periphery

Paul Douglas Lockhart

in Denmark, 1513–1660: The Rise and Decline of a Renaissance Monarchy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271214
eISBN:
9780191709616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271214.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the difficult years from Brömsebro to Christian IV's death. Topics covered include the burden of taxes, polarization along economic lines, local government, and Norway and ... More


Embodying the Extraordinary in Iceland and India: The Difference Spirits Make

Corinne G. Dempsey

in Bringing the Sacred Down to Earth: Adventures in Comparative Religion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199860333
eISBN:
9780199919598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860333.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter juxtaposes Hindu and Christian strategies for conferring extraordinary abilities onto human bodies. The traditions under consideration, Icelandic Spiritualism and Indian Neo-Vedanta, ... More


The Revival of Wartime Arrangements

C. T. Sandars

in America’s Overseas Garrisons: The Leasehold Empire

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296874
eISBN:
9780191685293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296874.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the U.S. government's efforts to revive wartime agreements after the end of World War II. The U.S. invested much in the construction of a worldwide network of military bases ... More


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