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Escalation in Decision-Making: The Tragedy of Taurus

Helga Drummond

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289531
eISBN:
9780191684722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289531.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

Getting organizations going is one thing, stopping them is another. This book examines how and why organizations become trapped in disastrous decisions. The focal point is Project Taurus, an IT ... More


Romania's Hardware and Software Industry; Building Information Technology Policy and Capabilities in an Transitional Economy

Richard Heeks and Mihaiela Grundey

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The Communist Party took power in Romania after the Second World War and Romania formed part of the ‘Eastern bloc’ of Soviet satellite states. The dramatic events of December 1989 overthrew the ... More


Back to the Future: The Aircraft and IT Industries in Britain since 1945

Richard Coopey and Peter Lyth

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199226009
eISBN:
9780191710315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores the development of two ‘high technology’ sectors of the British economy in the post-war period. The chapter is set against the context of the general debate over the relative ... More


Conclusions: Patterns, Practices, and Implications

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter addresses the various issues raised in this book. It also identifies patterns of behavior and extracts lessons, finally situating the role of IT of the public sector into the broader ... More


Digital Applications in the Federal Government: The Social Security Administration, the Bureau of the Census, and the U.S. Postal Service

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the impact of IT on the work of the Social Security Administration (SSA), the Bureau of the Census, and the US Postal Service (USPS). All three organizations extensively use ... More


Role, Presence, and Trends in the Use of Information Technology by the Federal Government

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the use and deployment of information technology by the federal government from 1950 to 2007. By looking at the government as a whole, several patterns of use, deployment, and ... More


Digital Applications in State, County, and Local Governments

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the deployment and use of information technology in state, county, and local governments. Public sector managers and users enjoyed the same benefits and similar challenges in ... More


Digital Applications in Schools

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the deployment and use of information technology in public schools. Topics covered include computing in educational administration from the 1950s to 2000s, the use of computers ... More


Digital Applications in Higher Education

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the deployment and use of computing in higher education. Topics covered include administrative uses, teaching and computers, role of computing in academic research, IT in the ... More


Information Technology Policy: An International History

Richard Coopey (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Information Technology (IT) has become symbolic of modernity and progress almost since its inception. The nature and boundaries of IT have also meant that it has shaped, or become embedded within, a ... More


Integration at Any Price: The Case of the NHS National Programme for Information Technology

Justin Keen

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the unintended consequences of a huge technology-based modernization project: the NHS National Programme for Information Technology in England. The project was envisaged by ... More


ESPRIT: Europe's Response to US and Japanese Domination in Information Technology

Dimitris Assimakopoulos, Rebecca Marschan-Piekkari, and Stuart Macdonald

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Established in 1983, the European Strategic Program for Research in Information Technologies (ESPRIT) is the oldest of the European Commission's research and technology development (RTD) programmes. ... More


The Rise and Fall of State Information Technology Planners—or How Norwegian Planning Became Capatins of Industry, 1960-1990

Knut Sogner

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

There have been three distinct phases for the Norwegian IT industry: the prewar rise and fall of private business enterprises; the postwar rise and fall of a state-supported national industry; and ... More


Facing In, Facing Out: Information Technology Production Policy in India from the 1960s to the 1990s

Richard Heeks

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

India was a Third World Information Technology colossus by the year 2000. In 1998/99, it exported an estimated US$2.2 billion-worth of software and produced more than 700,000 computers for the home ... More


Information Technology Policy in the USSR and Ukraine: Achievement and Failures

Boris Malinovsky and Lev Malinovsky

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

By the late 1950s and early 1960s, the Soviet Union had one of the world's leading computer industries. At the end of the 1960s, the possibility of merging the USSR's scientific and industrial ... More


Information Technology Policy: Competing for the Future

Richard Coopey

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the three major trends affecting the major industrialized nations following the Second World War. It then discusses the success of American manufacturers in ... More


The Shifting Interests of the US Government in the Development and Diffusion of Information Technology Since 1943

Arthur L. Norberg

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the dominant role of government agencies in providing support for computing during the last four decades. By extending the discussion over three phases, the chapter enlarges the ... More


The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States

William Aspray

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents the history of policies and practices in the supply of IT workers, especially as they relate to policy for higher education and computing research, in the United States. There ... More


Empire and Technology; Information Technology Policy in Postwar Britain and France

Richard Coopey

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter explores the decline of the IT sectors in Britain and France, showing how the foundations and structure of the industry there experienced long-term inertia and contained fault-lines ... More


From National Champions to Little Ventures: The NEB and the Second Wave of Information Technology in Britain, 1975–1985

Martin Campbell-Kelly and Ross Hamilton

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The National Enterprise Board (NEB) was to be the main instrument for Labour's industrial policy in Britain when it returned to power in 1975. Foremost, the NEB was to nationalize 20 or 25 of the ... More


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