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How and Why Do Terrorist Campaigns End?

Audrey Kurth Cronin

in Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265901
eISBN:
9780191772047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265901.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In order to assess terrorist groups within a broad historical and strategic framework, it is vital to assess how and why terrorist campaigns end. Moreover, if effective counter-terrorism is to be ... More


The Legacy of Iraq: From the 2003 War to the 'Islamic State'

Benjamin Isakhan (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696161
eISBN:
9781474416177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696161.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This book critically reflects on the failure of the 2003 intervention to turn Iraq into a liberal democracy, underpinned by free-market capitalism, its citizens free to live in peace and prosperity. ... More


Said the Prophet of God: Hadith Commentary across a Millennium

Joel Blecher

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520295933
eISBN:
9780520968677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295933.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

While scholars have long studied how Muslims authenticated and transmitted Muhammad’s sayings and practices (hadith), the story of how Muslims interpreted and reinterpreted hadith across a millennium ... More


Europe and (Non-)Accommodation in Turkey: Framing the Kurds, Syria, and Greece

Neophytos Loizides

in The Politics of Majority Nationalism: Framing Peace, Stalemates, and Crises

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804794084
eISBN:
9780804796330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804794084.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 4 focuses on Turkey and the Kurdish question particularly in relation to the country’s neighbors. It highlights the 1998 Öcalan incident when hundreds of thousands of Turkish citizens joined ... More


The Battle for Syria: International Rivalry in the New Middle East

Christopher Phillips

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300217179
eISBN:
9780300222173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300217179.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book provides an analysis of the crucial but underexplored roles the United States and other nations have played in shaping Syria's ongoing civil war. Most accounts of Syria's brutal, ... More


The Baluch, Sunnism and the State in Iran: From Tribal to Global

Stéphane A. Dudoignon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190655914
eISBN:
9780190872632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190655914.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Since 2002, Sunni jihadi groups have been active in Iranian Baluchistan without managing to plunge the region into chaos. This book suggests that a reason for this, besides Tehran’s military ... More


Following Current Paths of Destruction: ISIS and Beyond

Ondřej Beránek and Pavel Ťupek

in The Temptation of Graves in Salafi Islam: Iconoclasm, Destruction and Idolatry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474417570
eISBN:
9781474444774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417570.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter outlines the context within which various iconoclastic incidents have taken place in various parts of the Islamic world in recent years. After focusing on ISIS and the massive ... More


Compulsion in Religion: Saddam Hussein, Islam, and the Roots of Insurgencies in Iraq

Samuel Helfont

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190843311
eISBN:
9780190843342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843311.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Compulsion in Religion relies on extensive research with Ba’thist archives to investigate the roots of the religious insurgencies that erupted in Iraq following the American-led invasion in 2003. The ... More


Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History

Petter Nesser

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264024
eISBN:
9780190638566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264024.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The book provides a comprehensive account of Islamist terrorism in Europe from 1994 until 2015, and a detailed background for understanding the current and future threat. In contrast to existing ... More


Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Simon Staffell and Akil Awan (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Jihadist narratives have evolved dramatically over the past five years, driven by momentous events in the Middle East and beyond; the death of bin Laden; the rise and ultimate failure of the Arab ... More


Religion and violence

Jonathan Benthall and Jonathan Benthall

in Islamic Charities and Islamic Humanism in Troubled Times

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781784993085
eISBN:
9781526124005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993085.003.0018
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This Chapter reflects on the alleged special association between religion in general and violence – an association rebutted by both authors under review, David Martin (in Religion and Power: No logos ... More


Beyond Narrative: How and Why Islamically Inspired Narratives of Political Violence Resonate in Contemporary Tunisia

Jonathan Githens-Mazer

in Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter addresses the symbolic power of narratives of Islamic resistance in the Tunisian context. This includes understanding why Islam constitutes a template to challenge to the politics of the ... More


The Obama Doctrine Meets the Middle East and Afghanistan

Robert G. Kaufman

in Dangerous Doctrine: How Obama's Grand Strategy Weakened America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167206
eISBN:
9780813167749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167206.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that the main tenets of the Obama Doctrine have made a bad situation in the Middle East worse. Obama’s policy of giving priority to withdrawing from Iraq rather than winning the ... More


Escaping the Islamic State?

Noah Salomon

in For Love of the Prophet: An Ethnography of Sudan's Islamic State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691165158
eISBN:
9781400884292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165158.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This epilogue first describes cases of Sudanese university students joining ISIS. It then argues that if we begin to evaluate the success of the Sudanese Islamic state project based not on the ... More


The Ayatollahs and the Struggle to Maintain Legitimacy in the New Public Sphere

Caroleen Marji Sayej

in Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501715211
eISBN:
9781501714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715211.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Chapter One explores the ways in which the ayatollahs adapted politically to survive after 2003. The power vacuum created a space for new social actors to challenge their status and position, in ... More


Cross-Pressuring Opinion

George C. Edwards III

in Predicting the Presidency: The Potential of Persuasive Leadership

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691170374
eISBN:
9781400880980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691170374.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines how the president cross-pressures his co-partisans by supporting policies contrary to their predispositions. There are two conditions under which the president takes stands ... More


Epilogue: Islamism, ISIS, and the Politics of Interpretation

Joel Blecher

in Said the Prophet of God: Hadith Commentary across a Millennium

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520295933
eISBN:
9780520968677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295933.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The epilogue examines contemporary appropriations of hadith commentary among Islamist groups in the contemporary Islamic world, while contemplating the way an interpreter strives for timeliness ... More


Conclusion: The Iraq Legacies and the Roots of the ‘Islamic State’

Benjamin Isakhan

in The Legacy of Iraq: From the 2003 War to the 'Islamic State'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696161
eISBN:
9781474416177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696161.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This concluding chapter draws together the key arguments of this volume and reflects briefly on the three central legacies of the 2003 Iraq War and their relationship to contemporary events in Iraq. ... More


No red lines: the question of western military intervention

Christopher Phillips

in The Battle for Syria: International Rivalry in the New Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300217179
eISBN:
9780300222173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300217179.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter analyses the question of western intervention and why no state deployed its military to bring about regime change in Syria. It explores why the Syria conflict attracted so little direct ... More


Descent into chaos: stalemate and the rise of ISIS

Christopher Phillips

in The Battle for Syria: International Rivalry in the New Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300217179
eISBN:
9780300222173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300217179.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter looks at why the US and other states had chosen to intervene in eastern Syria after 2014, following the rise of ISIS. It explores the fragmentation of Syria and considers how other ... More


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