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Global Environmental History: 10,000 BC to AD 2000

Ian Simmons

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621583
eISBN:
9780748670765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621583.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In the last 12,000 years, human societies have moved through phases of forager, agricultural, industrial and ‘post-industrial’ economies. Each of these has been affected by the natural world and in ... More


Amazonian ecosystems and atmospheric change since the last glacial maximum

Francis E. Mayle and Mark B. Bush

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews previously published palaeovegetation and independent palaeoclimatic datasets to determine the responses of Amazonian ecosystems to changes in temperature, precipitation, and ... More


The domestication of the earth: humans and environments in pre-industrial times

Ian Simmons

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

The domestication of the earth entails the enfolding of ‘nature’ into human life and society. This chapter focuses on the millennia of the Holocene, when human societies consisted of food collectors ... More


Pleistocene Warming and Extinctions

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the dynamics of plant and animal species and species assemblages during the Earth's most recent period of rapid warming to garner insights into the potential consequences of ... More


Salt: White Gold of the Ancient Maya

Heather McKillop

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813025117
eISBN:
9780813039497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813025117.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book reports the discovery, excavation, and interpretation of Late Classic Maya salt works on the coast of Belize, transforming our knowledge of the Maya salt trade and craft specialization ... More


An introduction to Late Glacial–Holocene environments

Anson W. Mackay

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Holocene is the Earth's most recent interglacial, which began approximately 11,500 years ago. Environmental change across this interval and the preceding Late Glacial, driven by factors such as ... More


Are Pleiotropic Mutations and Holocene Selective Sweeps the Only Evolutionary-genetic Processes Left for Explaining Heritable Variation in Human Psychological Traits?

Geoffrey F. Miller

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter proposes that the field of evolutionary psychology must take seriously the notion that evolution has accelerated during the Holocene. This rapid recent evolution might call into question ... More


Megadrought and Collapse: From Early Agriculture to Angkor

Harvey Weiss (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199329199
eISBN:
9780190607920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199329199.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

This is the first book to treat the major examples of megadrought and societal collapse, from the late Pleistocene end of hunter–gatherer culture and origins of cultivation to the 15th century AD ... More


Archaeology at Nevasa, Daimabad, and Inamgaon

Clark Spencer Larsen

in Bioarchaeology and Climate Change: A View from South Asian Prehistory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036670
eISBN:
9780813041803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036670.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter presents an overview of the archaeological record of three sites occupied during the Deccan Chalcolithic period (2200–700 B.C.) in India. It describes archaeological investigations at ... More


A Neolithic Nomad from Dakhleh Oasis

Ann L. W. Stodder and Ann M. Palkovich

in The Bioarchaeology of Individuals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038070
eISBN:
9780813043135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038070.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter presents the osteobiography of a man who lived in predynastic Egypt, between 3200 B.C. and 2000 B.C.. One of only a few Neolithic skeletons representing the early Neolithic use of this ... More


Lessons from Land Present and Past Signs of Ecological Decay and the Overture to Earth’s Sixth Mass Extinctio

C. JOSH DONLAN, PAUL S. MARTIN, and GARY W. ROEMER

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book addresses the question of how the removal of whales in various fisheries influenced the workings of modern oceans. Despite the recent and dramatic nature of these events, their consequences ... More


Holocene Monterey Bay Fur Seals: Distribution, Dates, and Ecological Implications

Diane Gifford-Gonzalez

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The research reported in this chapter has proceeded on the assumption that zooarchaeological, stable isotopic, and ancient DNA analyses can, in combination, elucidate the longer-term histories of ... More


Global and African Regional Climate during the Cenozoic

Sarah J. Feakins and Peter B. Demenocal

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Many events in global tectonics and high latitude climate had significant effects on Cenozoic climate evolution. This chapter explores three revolutions in climate research that have dramatically ... More


Subfossil Lemurs of Madagascar

Laurie R. Godfrey, William L. Jungers, and David A. Burney

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Madagascar's living lemurs (order Primates) belong to a radiation recently ravaged by extirpation and extinction. There are three extinct and five extant families (two with extinct members) of lemurs ... More


Quaternary Geologic and Climatic Changes

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

The Quaternary was a time of dramatic evolutionary change, due to strong climatic latitudinal gradients. Oceanic biotic exchanges occurred between the Arctic, east Pacific, and from the equator, ... More


Climate Shock and Awe: Can There Be An “Ethno-Science” of Deep-Time Mande Palaeoclimate Memory?

Roderick J. McIntosh

in Climate Cultures: Anthropological Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300198812
eISBN:
9780300213577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198812.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

One of the most intractable problems in archaeology is that of deep-time memory. There has not been an entirely happy history to the proposition that peoples can package, archive, and transmit an ... More


Introduction: The Age of Complexity

Oran R. Young

in Governing Complex Systems: Social Capital for the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035934
eISBN:
9780262338899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035934.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The Earth is moving into a new era, frequently referred to as the Anthropocene, in which anthropogenic drivers have become major determinants of the trajectory of the Earth system. Compared to the ... More


Cooperation and Conflict

Kim Sterelny

in The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter defends an essentially individualist model of the evolution of cooperation amongst Pleistocene foragers. The chapter argues that these foragers satisfied the conditions of the “folk ... More


Climate Change

James S. Dunbar

in Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062686
eISBN:
9780813051673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062686.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Climate is a context and a driver of habitat and resource availability. The specter of recent global warming aside, in the eighteenth and twentieth centuries we were accustomed to the relatively ... More


Ecological Histories in the Middle Holocene

Asa R. Randal

in Constructing Histories: Archaic Freshwater Shell Mounds and Social Landscapes of the St. Johns River, Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813061016
eISBN:
9780813051284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061016.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The onset of intensive shellfishing has been modelled as a response to the middle Holocene Hypsithermal Climate Epoch and the concomitant establishment of near-modern hydrology of the St. Johns ... More


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