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The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes

David P. Gauthier

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198246169
eISBN:
9780191680939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246169.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents the most plausible reading of Thomas Hobbes's moral and political theory based on his book, Leviathan. Hobbes constructs a political theory that bases unlimited political authority ... More


From Bondage to Freedom: Spinoza on Human Excellence

Michael Lebuffe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383539
eISBN:
9780199870530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book defends a comprehensive interpretation of Spinoza's enlightened vision of human excellence, including his theories of good and evil, virtue, perfection, and freedom. Spinoza holds that what ... More


Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


Legitimacy: The Caliphate and the State

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Europe, separate states acquired legitimacy; in Islam the universal caliphate and 'umma retained the fullest respect. Muslim philosophers, not unlike Augustine and Hobbes, derived the need for the ... More


The Politics of the Euro-Zone: Stability or Breakdown?

Kenneth Dyson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241651
eISBN:
9780191599118
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241651.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Euro‐zone represents the single most important step in European integration since 1957 and one of the boldest economic, monetary, and political projects in modern history. This book examines the ... More


Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present

Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150840
eISBN:
9781400844746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This book provides a sweeping critical history of social theories about war and peace from Thomas Hobbes to the present. It presents both a broad intellectual history and an original argument as it ... More


Corpuscularianism and the Rise of Mechanism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

From the early 17th century onwards, the dominant natural philosophy was mechanism: the view that all explanations must ultimately take the form of a reduction to a very economical range of features ... More


Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Arihiro Fukuda

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

The English civil wars of the mid-seventeenth century produced two political thinkers of genius: Thomas Hobbes and James Harrington. They are known today as spokesmen of opposite positions, Hobbes of ... More


Hope and Heroic Action: Rousseau, Paoli, Kosciuszko, and the Republican Tradition of War

Karma Nabulsi

in Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the three traditions of war, and introduces the republican tradition, which is represented partially through the writings of Jean Jacques Rousseau, who, along ... More


State Institutions

Axel Hadenius

in Institutions and Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246663
eISBN:
9780191599392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246661.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Spells out, from a Weberian perspective, the basic features of the state, and provides a historical review of the development of different forms of state. Various methods of governance at the ... More


Modern Liberalism and its Critics

BRENT WATERS

in The Family in Christian Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271962
eISBN:
9780191709883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271962.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter assesses the rise of modern liberalism by examining the works of selected theorists and their fellow liberal critics. The first section summarizes the origins and subsequent development ... More


Pre‐industrial Europe

Andreas Osiander

in Before the State: Systemic Political Change in the West from the Greeks to the French Revolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198294511
eISBN:
9780191717048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294511.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the late pre-Reformation period, re-urbanization and increasing monetization impacting on what had become a profoundly rural civilization gave rise to political structures markedly different from ... More


How the Euro‐Zone Operates: ‘Hollowing Out’ Or Rescue of the European State?

Kenneth Dyson

in The Politics of the Euro-Zone: Stability or Breakdown?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241651
eISBN:
9780191599118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241651.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter assesses and compares the ‘governance’ and ‘state‐centric’ models of interaction between member states and the operation of the Euro‐zone. The ‘governance’ model overemphasizes the ... More


The Legitimacy of the Euro‐Zone: The Problems of Social Justice, Consent, and Identity

Kenneth Dyson

in The Politics of the Euro-Zone: Stability or Breakdown?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241651
eISBN:
9780191599118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241651.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

From the viewpoint of stability, the Eurozone needs to be established and maintained within a normative political consensus that provides strong moral grounds for compliance with its directives. This ... More


Fine Distinctions: Some Rejoinders to Quentin Skinner's Attacks on the Modern Doctrine of Negative Liberty

H. Matthew Kramer

in The Quality of Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247561
eISBN:
9780191601927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247560.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Delineates the principal ideas that make up my theory of freedom as negative liberty. Raises a number of challenges to positive-liberty theories and to the civic-republican conception of freedom, ... More


Hobbes's Linguistic Turn

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Here, I examine and criticize the claim that Hobbes was a proto‐positivist precursor of the modern scientific study of politics. Against this view, I argue that Hobbes may be better viewed as a ... More


Before Negative and Positive Liberty

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The negative conception of freedom as non‐interference and the positive conception of freedom as self‐mastery are not the only available ideals of liberty; a third alternative is the conception of ... More


Two Conceptions of Morality

Bernard Gert

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares two conceptions of morality, one championed by Aristotle, Ross, and Kant, the other championed by Hobbes and Mill. In The Good in the Right, Audi develops a version of the first ... More


Retrospective

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter pulls together the strands of argument that arise in throughout this book. It discusses Hume's sometimes explicit, sometimes implicit views of other moral theories — as opposed to ... More


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