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Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Emily Baragwanath

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Herodotus sought to communicate not only what happened, but also the background of thoughts and perceptions that shaped those events and was also critical to their interpretation in retrospect. This ... More


The Histories, Plutarch, and reader response

Emily Baragwanath

in Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Taking Plutarch's criticisms in de Malignitate Herodoti as a point of entry into Herodotus' strategies for guiding his readers' response, this chapter argues that Herodotus' reader is motivated to ... More


Constructions of motives and the historian's persona

Emily Baragwanath

in Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter addresses Herodotus' portrayal of characters in the Histories whose inquiries into questions of motivation parallel his own. In discussing the dual persona of the Herodotean narrator, it ... More


Problematized motivation in the Samian and Persian logoi (Book III)

Emily Baragwanath

in Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter considers the way in which evidence from character and action, in the Histories, is not necessarily a guide to motivation; and how, despite the importance Herodotus places on nomoi, ... More


‘For freedom's sake…’: motivation in the Ionian Revolt (Books V–VI)

Emily Baragwanath

in Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In this chapter the Athenians' idealistic expression of 8.144—with its slogans of ‘freedom’ and ‘Greek unity’ (to Hellênikon)—introduces a discussion of these key ideal motives and the role of ... More


Xerxes: motivation and explanation (Books VII–IX)

Emily Baragwanath

in Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the interaction of ascriptions of motivation with wider patterns of explanation for Xerxes' failure, illustrating how, for example, specific attributions of motive—particularly ... More


Themistocles: constructions of motivation (Books VII–IX)

Emily Baragwanath

in Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter addresses Herodotus' presentation of Themistocles' motives, taking as a test case the general's rhetoric and conduct at Andros (9.109-110) and after. It reconsiders the possibility of ... More


Voices of Resistance

Richard Rutherford

in Ancient Historiography and its Contexts: Studies in Honour of A. J. Woodman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558681
eISBN:
9780191720888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558681.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter makes a sustained comparison between the speeches of Calgacus and Agricola in Tacitus's Agricola, and the longer sequence in the narrative of the Batavian revolt in Tacitus, Histories ... More


The Valori Family and Machiavelli's Portraits of Francesco il vecchio

Mark Jurdjevic

in Guardians of Republicanism: The Valori Family in the Florentine Renaissance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199204489
eISBN:
9780191708084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204489.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Chapter Three analyses the Valori family's friendship with Niccolò Machiavelli. It considers Niccolò Valori's political support of Machiavelli, their common fortunes following the restoration of the ... More


Scholars and martialists: the politics of history and scholarship

Alexandra Gajda

in The Earl of Essex and Late Elizabethan Political Culture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199699681
eISBN:
9780191739057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699681.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Essex and his followers’ attitudes to classical and historical scholarship are examined. The relationship between arms and letters was idealized in praise for Essex’s militarism, but the study of ... More


Tarda Moles Civilis Belli : The Weight of the Past in Tacitus' Histories

Rhiannon Ash

in Citizens of Discord: Rome and Its Civil Wars

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195389579
eISBN:
9780199866496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389579.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines three conspicuous instances of historiographical synkrisis in Tacitus' Histories (Histories 1.50.2–3; 2.38; 3.51) in which the republican civil wars are the lens through which ... More


Herodotus

Stephen V. Tracy

in Pericles: A Sourcebook and Reader

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256033
eISBN:
9780520943629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256033.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Pericles' contemporaries Sophocles and Protagoras depict him as he dealt with the onslaught of the plague, at the end of his life. By contrast, the historian Herodotus of Halicarnassus, who was ... More


The Invention of Greek Ethnography

Joseph E. Skinner

in The Invention of Greek Ethnography: From Homer to Herodotus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199793600
eISBN:
9780199979677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793600.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The aim of this book has been merely to problematize the entire process of imposing disciplinary categories on the ancient sources and marshalling them in such a way as to support a linear narrative ... More


‘Prophecy in reverse’? Herodotus and the Origins of History

Thomas Harrison

in Herodotus and his World: Essays from a Conference in Memory of George Forrest

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253746
eISBN:
9780191719745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253746.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter does not aim to not to review (still less to seek to replace) earlier treatments of the ‘origins of history’. Rather, it suggests a different — broader — approach to such a question, and ... More


Divinity and History: The Religion of Herodotus

Thomas Harrison

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253555
eISBN:
9780191715112
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253555.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, European History: BCE to 500CE

Critics of Herodotus have generally shown unease in the face of the religious passages of the Histories, a sense that he ‘lets himself down’ by delving into matters irrelevant to the proper purpose ... More


Solon and Human Fortune

Thomas Harrison

in Divinity and History: The Religion of Herodotus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253555
eISBN:
9780191715112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253555.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter argues that the Histories are founded on the principle of the instability of human fortune. Herodotus' words echo closely those of Solon to Croesus and of Amasis to Polycrates; the same ... More


Divine Retribution

Thomas Harrison

in Divinity and History: The Religion of Herodotus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253555
eISBN:
9780191715112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253555.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter addresses two questions: first, that of the nature of Herodotus' belief in divine retribution (its significance in the Histories, the actions which receive retribution, the means by ... More


The Unity and Multiplicity of the Divine

Thomas Harrison

in Divinity and History: The Religion of Herodotus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253555
eISBN:
9780191715112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253555.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, European History: BCE to 500CE

The previous chapters examined the main forms of intervention in the Histories, and it is now necessary to examine a number of questions that intersect them. The first is the question of the nature ... More


Fate and Human Responsibility

Thomas Harrison

in Divinity and History: The Religion of Herodotus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253555
eISBN:
9780191715112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253555.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, European History: BCE to 500CE

‘The concept of man as an independent moral agent’, it has been written, is ‘fundamental to Herodotus' view of historical causation’. Other principles, however, other themes of Histories appear to ... More


Pluralism in the Histories

Lauren J. Apfel

in The Advent of Pluralism: Diversity and Conflict in the Age of Sophocles

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600625
eISBN:
9780191724985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600625.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with Herodotus' approach to history across a host of methodological and moral domains. The hallmark of Herodotus' method in the Histories, it is argued, is variety. This is ... More


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