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The History of Personalized Medicine

Edward Abrahams and Mike Silver

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter examines the historical path that has led to personalized medicine as we know it today, in the hope of gaining a better perspective on where it will take us in the not-too-distant ... More


Climate, fever, and medicine before 1700

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part I begins by taking stock of European theories of fever, and of the importance of the work of the Hippocratic revival, particularly as reflected in the work of Sydenham, ... More


Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Stanley Finger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This volume presents a series of vibrant profiles that trace the evolution of our knowledge about the brain. Beginning almost 5,000 years ago, with the ancient Egyptian study of “the marrow of the ... More


The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

C.U.M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This book examines the history of Western attempts to explain how messages might be sent from the sense organs to the brain and from the brain to the muscles. It focuses on a construct called animal ... More


Hippocrates: The Brain as the Organ of Mind

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In order to understand the Hippocratic revolution in medicine and how it led to the perception of the brain as the ruling member of the body, we must think of ancient Greece at three different but ... More


Galen on the Seat of the Intellect: Anatomical Experiment and Philosophical Tradition

Teun Tieleman

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Galen's vivisection experiments concerned with the nervous system may rank among the most sophisticated known from ancient sources. Galen appears to inaugurate a new era in medicine, and anatomy in ... More


Health in the Balance: Early Theories About Patterns of Disease Occurrence

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Curiosity about the causes and occurrence of disease is not unique to epidemiologists. After all, who wouldn’t be interested in knowing about how to live a healthy life?—or to predict and ward off ... More


The Concept of Environment

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that a clear initial conception of the variables to be involved is critical to construct an effective epidemiological study. In the most general sense, this has been an essential ... More


The Body of Western Embodiment: Classical Antiquity and the Early History of a Problem

Brooke Holmes

in Embodiment: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190490447
eISBN:
9780190490478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190490447.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Much of western philosophy, especially ancient Greek philosophy, addresses the problems posed by embodiment. This chapter argues that to grasp the early history of embodiment is to see the category ... More


On the body and sexuality

Pierre Brulé and Antonia Nevill

in Women of Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748616435
eISBN:
9780748651023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616435.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

If the quest for the rational defines Greek biology and medicine as ventures in the ‘scientification’ of knowledge, what we read remains most often ‘unscientific’. We see in operation less a ... More


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