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The History of Personalized Medicine

Edward Abrahams and Mike Silver

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter examines the historical path that has led to personalized medicine as we know it today, in the hope of gaining a better perspective on where it will take us in the not-too-distant ... More


Climate, fever, and medicine before 1700

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part I begins by taking stock of European theories of fever, and of the importance of the work of the Hippocratic revival, particularly as reflected in the work of Sydenham, ... More


Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Stanley Finger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This volume presents a series of vibrant profiles that trace the evolution of our knowledge about the brain. Beginning almost 5,000 years ago, with the ancient Egyptian study of “the marrow of the ... More


The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

C.U.M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This book examines the history of Western attempts to explain how messages might be sent from the sense organs to the brain and from the brain to the muscles. It focuses on a construct called animal ... More


Hippocrates: The Brain as the Organ of Mind

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In order to understand the Hippocratic revolution in medicine and how it led to the perception of the brain as the ruling member of the body, we must think of ancient Greece at three different but ... More


Galen on the Seat of the Intellect: Anatomical Experiment and Philosophical Tradition

Teun Tieleman

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Galen's vivisection experiments concerned with the nervous system may rank among the most sophisticated known from ancient sources. Galen appears to inaugurate a new era in medicine, and anatomy in ... More


Health in the Balance: Early Theories About Patterns of Disease Occurrence

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Curiosity about the causes and occurrence of disease is not unique to epidemiologists. After all, who wouldn’t be interested in knowing about how to live a healthy life?—or to predict and ward off ... More


The Concept of Environment

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that a clear initial conception of the variables to be involved is critical to construct an effective epidemiological study. In the most general sense, this has been an essential ... More


On the body and sexuality

Pierre Brulé and Antonia Nevill

in Women of Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748616435
eISBN:
9780748651023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616435.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

If the quest for the rational defines Greek biology and medicine as ventures in the ‘scientification’ of knowledge, what we read remains most often ‘unscientific’. We see in operation less a ... More


Weeping and Bad Hair: The Bodily Suffering of Early Christian Hell as a Threat to Masculinity

Meghan Henning

in Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190458997
eISBN:
9780190459024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190458997.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter draws upon the conceptions of gendered bodily suffering found in the ancient medical corpus (Hippocrates, Galen and inscriptions), martyrdom literature, and the Roman judicial rhetoric ... More


The Body of Western Embodiment: Classical Antiquity and the Early History of a Problem

Brooke Holmes

in Embodiment: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190490447
eISBN:
9780190490478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190490447.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Much of western philosophy, especially ancient Greek philosophy, addresses the problems posed by embodiment. This chapter argues that to grasp the early history of embodiment is to see the category ... More


Historic Decentering of the Modern Discourse of Climate Change: The Long View from the Vedic Sagesto Montesquieu

Michael R. Dove

in Climate Cultures: Anthropological Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300198812
eISBN:
9780300213577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198812.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter places contemporary climate change discourse within a context of millennia of human experience with and thinking about the climate. Dove examines five canonical historic texts–works by ... More


From Hippocrates to Shakespeare and Dickens: epilepsy's entry into ‘the circuit of culture’

in Representing Epilepsy: Myth and Matter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846312373
eISBN:
9781846316173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316173.002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter describes the cultural narratives of epilepsy in the mid-twentieth century. It considers the medical-cultural languages of epilepsy from Hippocrates through to William Shakespeare, ... More


Life is Short, Art is Long

in On Borrowed Time: The Art and Economy of Living with Deadlines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226886015
eISBN:
9780226886039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226886039.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins by considering the philosophies of time of Hippocrates, Aristotle, and Theophrastus. It then sets out the book's purpose—to reflect on the nature, essence, and sense of ... More


Information and Empirical Sensibility

Richard Yeo

in Notebooks, English Virtuosi, and Early Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106564
eISBN:
9780226106731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226106731.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter argues that thinking about notes clarified some of the challenges and opportunities of the ‘new philosophy,’ or empirical science, in early modern Europe. Francis Bacon called for the ... More


Medicine as a Calling

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the development of Herman Boerhaave's basic approach to medicine and chemistry by reviewing his education as a student at the University of Leiden and then his early program ... More


The Goals of Physicians

J. Donald Boudreau, Eric J. Cassell, and Abraham Fuks

in Physicianship and the Rebirth of Medical Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199370818
eISBN:
9780190874377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199370818.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of how physicians think about sickness. Since the era of the Hippocratic Corpus, there have been two distinctive intellectual approaches to understanding the ... More


Complexio/Complexion: Categorizing Individual Natures, 1250–1600

Valentin Groebner

in The Moral Authority of Nature

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136806
eISBN:
9780226136820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136820.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the background and the uses of some Renaissance notions of the nature of individuals and the boundaries they were placed within, with particular attention to the frameworks of ... More


Medicine between Cultures in the Hellenistic Fayum

Daniel King

in Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean: 400 BCE-250 CE

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805663
eISBN:
9780191843617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805663.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This paper looks into the relationship between Greek medicine and Egyptian culture in Tebtynis. Cultural interaction in this context has often been interpreted from a perspective that privileges the ... More


The Quadrivium and Natural Sciences

Winston Black

in The Oxford History of Classical Reception in English Literature: Volume 1: 800–1558

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199587230
eISBN:
9780191820410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587230.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Scribes and authors in medieval England played an important role in the copying, transmission, and interpretation of classical works on science and medicine, which included the mathematical arts of ... More


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