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Introduction

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Introduction discusses the purpose of the book, which is to attempt to rejuvenate the philosophy of concepts by steering it toward a new course. The book argues, the Introduction explains, that ... More


Categorization and Concept Learning

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the empirical evidence showing that prototypes, exemplars, and theories exist and that they are used in distinct cognitive processes. It focuses on the vast psychological ... More


General Model

Joel Slemrod and Christian Gillitzer

in Tax Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026727
eISBN:
9780262319003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026727.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter shows how formal optimal tax analysis models can be extended to cover all social costs and multiple tax instruments. The key insight is that, at an optimum, for all tax policy ... More


Green African States and International Relations

Carl Death

in The Green State in Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300215830
eISBN:
9780300224894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215830.003.0007
Subject:
History, African History

Transnational and international relations are also crucial to the production of green state effects, and this chapter profiles a range of examples, from climate change diplomacy, to environmental aid ... More


Firms in the International Economy: Firm Heterogeneity Meets International Business

Sjoerd Beugelsdijk, Steven Brakman, Hans van Ees, and Harry Garretsen (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019743
eISBN:
9780262314473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019743.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

International Economics (IE) and International Business (IB) are usually treated as two separate disciplines. With the advent of new trade theory the firm was reintroduced in IE and the fields more ... More


Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Steven M. Silverstein, Bita Moghaddam, and Til Wykes (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Despite major advances in methodology and thousands of published studies every year, treatment outcomes in schizophrenia have not improved over the last fifty years. Moreover, we still lack ... More


Schizophrenia: The Nature of the Problems and the Need for Evolution and Synthesis in Our Approaches

Steven M. Silverstein, Bita Moghaddam, and Til Wykes

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

What is schizophrenia? What are its causes? Can it be cured? Can it be prevented? These fundamental issues have confronted the field of schizophrenia research and treatment for over 100 years. Our ... More


What Kind of a Thing Is Schizophrenia?: Specific Causation and General Failure Modes

Angus W. MacDonald

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The status of schizophrenia as a disorder has been controversial since its original description by Kraepelin and Bleuler. This chapter critiques a prominent theory of schizophrenia espoused by Meehl ... More


How the Diagnosis of Schizophrenia Impeded the Advance of Knowledge (and What to Do About It)

William T. Carpenter

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Schizophrenia is best viewed as a clinical syndrome, without compelling evidence of a homogeneous disease. Most investigations over the past century, however, have been designed without addressing ... More


Which Aspects of Heterogeneity Are Useful to Translational Success?

Aiden Corvin, Robert W. Buchanan, William T. Carpenter, James L. Kennedy, Matcheri S. Keshavan, Angus W. MacDonald, Louis Sass, and Michéle Wessa

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Schizophrenia brings challenges of heterogeneity at multiple levels related to symptomatology, behavior, outcome, genetics, and pathophysiology. The clinical disorder may capture more than one ... More


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