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World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines the provisions of the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki, which was developed as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other ... More


The Protection of Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the history of human experimentation, with special attention to cases that have helped to shape ethical guidelines and policies. It discusses important codes, such as the ... More


Humanity and Hyper-regulation: From Nuremberg to Helsinki

Onora O'Neill

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Contemporary work on research ethics often points to Nazi inhumanity and abuse of research subjects as a prelude to arguing that research on human subjects requires their fully informed consent. By ... More


Sports Law and Policy in the European Union

Richard Parrish

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719066061
eISBN:
9781781700501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719066061.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The increasing commercialisation of sport raises important questions concerning regulation. The development of the European Union (EU) and the internationalization of sporting competition have added ... More


Building the House (1973–1977)

Simon J. Nuttall

in European Political Co-operation

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273189
eISBN:
9780191684005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273189.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter discusses the accomplishments and challenges faced by the European Political Co-operation (EPC) from 1973 to 1977. The EPC reached its first high in July 1973 when the Copenhagen Report ... More


Lung Cancer Associated with Asbestos Exposure

Richard Attanoos

in Asbestos and Its Diseases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195178692
eISBN:
9780199864591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178692.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the history of asbestos-related lung cancer (LC) together with the prevailing theories of lung carcinogenesis in asbestos-exposed subjects. The synergism between tobacco smoke ... More


Revisiting Verb (Projection)Raising in Old English

Eric Haeberli and Susan Pintzuk

in Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199582624
eISBN:
9780191731068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines the distribution of verb raising (VR) and verb projection raising (VPR) in Old English (OE), using the York–Toronto–Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Old English Prose. VR and VPR refer ... More


Vietnam to Helsinki: A Seventies Trip

James E. Cronin

in Global Rules: America, Britain and a Disordered World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300151480
eISBN:
9780300210217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300151480.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the period when both Great Britain and the United States failed to control either the economy or the world outside: the 1970s. More specifically, it examines the economic and ... More


A Nordic model in child welfare?

Helena Blomberg, Clary Corander, Christian Kroll, Anna Meeuwisse, Roberto Scaramuzzino, and Hans Swärd

in Social work and child welfare politics: Through Nordic lenses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424068
eISBN:
9781447303534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424068.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter captures the similarities and variations in the performance of child welfare through a comparative Nordic approach. It provides new perspectives on the discussion on whether the welfare ... More


Reconciling sport and law

Richard Parrish

in Sports Law and Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719066061
eISBN:
9781781700501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719066061.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the political context of sports relationship with the European Union (EU). The 1994 Larive report links the active or passive participation in sport with the social and cultural ... More


1960–75: the new Europe takes shape

Kjell M. Torbiörn

in Destination Europe: The Political and Economic Growth of a Continent

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065729
eISBN:
9781781700488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065729.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Following the second Berlin crisis and the ‘nuclear brinkmanship’ between the United States and the Soviet Union over Cuba in October 1962, the two superpowers took various steps to diffuse tensions ... More


Derived Environment Effects in Colloquial Helsinki Finnish

Arto Anttila

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

One of the longstanding puzzles in generative phonology is the so-called Nonderived Environment Blocking (NDEB), proposed by Paul Kiparsky. Based on NDEB, some phonological rules apply only in ... More


Subjects, Participants, and Partners: What Are the Implications for Research as the Role of Informed Consent Evolves?

Alexander Morgan Capron

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Informed consent is usually thought of as the ethical cornerstone of research with human beings yet over the past thirty years a largegap has opened between informed consent as an object of ... More


The Beginnings of the Journey

Minna Törmä

in Enchanted by Lohans: Osvald Sirén's Journey into Chinese Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888139842
eISBN:
9789888268405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139842.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The second chapter goes back to the time of Sirén’s early career. It began in Finland and in Sweden. He started works on rococo topics and gradually gained international fame as a scholar of Italian ... More


Trust and Transparency at the CSCE, 1969–1975

Michael Cotey Morgan

in Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) from 1969 to 1975. It contends that trust was both a tool and objective of the conference, detailing how, even in the ... More


Two Kings Head North: Transforming Italian Opera in Scandinavia

in Divas and Scholars: Performing Italian Opera

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226304823
eISBN:
9780226304885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226304885.003.0014
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter discusses a “coda,” describing two unusual sets of performances with which Philip Gossett was involved during the 2002–2003 season in Scandinavia: Verdi's Gustavo III (the first version ... More


The Cold War root of post-Cold War tension: duality of détente in the 1970s and neo-Cold War in the 1980s

James W. Peterson

in Russian-American Relations in the Post-Cold War World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526105783
eISBN:
9781526128553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105783.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

During the late Cold War there was a serious effort by leaders in both capitals to defuse the tension and conflict that characterized their relationship during the 1950s and 60s. Commitments by both ... More


<i>The</i> Muftiate <i>on the International Stage</i>

Eren Tasar

in Soviet and Muslim: The Institutionalization of Islam in Central Asia, 1943-1991

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190652104
eISBN:
9780190652135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652104.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

From the late 1950s onward, SADUM was called upon to assist the Soviet state in winning over allies across the Muslim world. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, it formed relationships with foreign ... More


The Sincerest Form of Flattery: The Peace Corps, the Helsinki Accords, and the Internationalization of Social Values

Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman

in Making the American Century: Essays on the Political Culture of Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199845392
eISBN:
9780199365104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845392.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

Through the prism of two international developments—the emergence of the international volunteer movement and the forging of the Helsinki principles—this chapter shows that Americans and Western ... More


Discovering the Past for Yourself: Corpora, Data-Driven Learning, and the History of English

Jukka Tyrkkö

in Approaches to Teaching the History of the English Language: Pedagogy in Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190611040
eISBN:
9780190611071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190611040.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter outlines the state of the art in corpus-based language teaching and digital pedagogy, focusing on the differences between using corpora with present-day and historical data. The basic ... More


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