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The Reparations Proposals of the Truth Commissions in El Salvador and Haiti: A History of Noncompliance

Alexander Segovia

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Truth commissions were created to investigate human rights violations as a result of political negotiations in both El Salvador and Haiti. The commissions included in their reports recommendations ... More


Variations on State Building and Refugees: Myth and Reality

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the 1990s, modesty in expectations remained the leitmotif of international humanitarian operations in places like Cambodia, Haiti, and East Timor. In Cambodia, human rights violations littered ... More


Coalitions of Convenience: United States Military Interventions after the Cold War

Sarah E. Kreps

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199753796
eISBN:
9780199827152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753796.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

When the Clinton Administration sent the United States military into Haiti in 1994, it first sought United Nations authorization and assembled a large coalition of allies. With a defense budget ... More


Haiti: Quid Pro Quo Multilateralism

Sarah E. Kreps

in Coalitions of Convenience: United States Military Interventions after the Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199753796
eISBN:
9780199827152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753796.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the multilateral 1994 Haiti intervention, an unlikely case of multilateralism for both the operational commitment and regional power explanations. The vast power disparities ... More


Introduction

David Malone

in Decision-Making in the UN Security Council: The Case of Haiti, 1990-1997

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294832
eISBN:
9780191685071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Between 1990 and 1997, the United Nations was involved in a broad range of activities in support of democracy in Haiti. Those activities reflected the international concern over a military uprising ... More


Premier-Presidentialism, President-Parliamentarism, and Democratic Performance: Indicative Case Studies

Robert Elgie

in Semi-Presidentialism: Sub-Types And Democratic Performance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199585984
eISBN:
9780191729003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585984.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a set of indicative case studies that illustrate the consequences of the two forms of semi-presidentialism. For both, evidence from cases that appear to confirm the hypothesized ... More


When Catholic Worlds Collide: French Missionaries and Ecclesiastical Politics in Louisiana, 1803–1845

Michael Pasquier

in In God’s Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195396447
eISBN:
9780199979318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion, World Modern History

This chapter explores ecclesiastical politics in the Diocese of Louisiana and the Floridas in the early nineteenth century. Faced with a large population of slaves and free people of color, French ... More


Bretons in Conquest of a Former Colony: French Catholic Missionaries in Haiti, 1860–1915

Philippe Delisle

in In God’s Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195396447
eISBN:
9780199979318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion, World Modern History

Revolution in France and Saint-Domingue, coupled with the creation of an independent Haiti in 1804, put in jeopardy the work that Catholic missionaries had done over the course of the eighteenth ... More


Republicanism Black and White

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157178
eISBN:
9780199834617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157176.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

During the American Revolution and in the early national years, republican ideology was claimed by both the supporters and the critics of American slavery. For some, black men seemed to lack the ... More


The Jew in the Haitian Imagination: A Popular History of Anti-Judaism and Proto-Racism

Elizabeth McAlister

in Race, Nation, and Religion in the Americas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195149180
eISBN:
9780199835386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195149181.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay explores the contemporary legacies of colonial religious discourses, by examining how participants in Haiti’s annual Rara festival—a Lenten carnival and public performance of Haitian ... More


Legislating “Civilization” in Postrevolutionary Haiti

Kate Ramsey

in Race, Nation, and Religion in the Americas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195149180
eISBN:
9780199835386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195149181.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This article examines the nineteenth century Haitian state’s penal prohibition of “le vaudoux” as a form of “sortilege” or spell. It studies how, in the face of unremitting white Western hostility ... More


From Douglass to Duvalier: U.S. African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 18701964

Millery Polyne

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034720
eISBN:
9780813039534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034720.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Haiti has long been both a source of immense pride—because of the Haitian Revolution—and of profound disappointment—because of the unshakable realities of poverty, political instability, and ... More


Features of recent transitions

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Despite some common features, each war-to-peace transition is distinct, owing to the specific interplay of a number of factors. These include the circumstances in which conflict or chaos began — for ... More


Fault Lines: Views across Haiti's Divide

Beverly Bell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452123
eISBN:
9780801468322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, killing more than a quarter-million people and leaving another two million Haitians homeless. This book is a searing account of the first ... More


Decision-Making in the UN Security Council: The Case of Haiti, 1990-1997

David Malone

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294832
eISBN:
9780191685071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After President Aristide was overthrown by the Haitian military in September 1991, the UN Security Council and the OAS instituted a progression of measures to restore him to power. This unique and ... More


Haiti: Towards the Abyss? Poverty, Dependence, and Resource Depletion

Mats Lundahl

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

News from Haiti has seldom been positive for the past four decades and it has always had bad press coverage. Though some errors have been corrected, the Haitian case is still considered as an ... More


‘Born to Command’: Leonora Sansay and the Paradoxes of Female Benevolence as Resistance in Zelica; the Creole

Marlene L. Daut

in Tropics of Haiti: Race and the Literary History of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World, 1789-1865

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381847
eISBN:
9781781382394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381847.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Examines the three-volume novel Zelica; the Creole (1820), most often attributed to Leonora Sansay. The author argues that Zelica ambivalently constructs a narrative in which during the Revolution, ... More


Caribbean Crossing: African Americans and the Haitian Emigration Movement

Sara Fanning

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780814764930
eISBN:
9780814760086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764930.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Shortly after winning its independence in 1804, Haiti's leaders realized that if their nation was to survive, it needed to build strong diplomatic bonds with other nations. Haiti's first leaders ... More


Istwa Across the Water: Haitian History, Memory, and the Cultural Imagination

Toni Pressley-Sanon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813054407
eISBN:
9780813053141
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054407.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Istwa across the Water draws on the historian and poet Kamau Brathwaite’s concept of tidalectics as cultural exchange that is patterned after the back and forth movement of the ocean’s waves, to ... More


The Rise and Decline of Security Council Activism, 1990–1997

David Malone

in Decision-Making in the UN Security Council: The Case of Haiti, 1990-1997

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294832
eISBN:
9780191685071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter surveys the shifts in UNSC attitudes, mandates, and activities between 1990 and 1997. It focuses on a pattern of intervention in internal conflicts, which developed during this period ... More


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