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Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Steven A. Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book offers a fundamental reinterpretation of the role of the Gulag—the Soviet Union's vast system of forced-labor camps, internal exile, and prisons—in Soviet society. Soviet authorities ... More


The Mafia in Perm

Federico Varese

in The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

If mafia groups are present in a market, they must be organized in some form. Two questions have generated a heated and long-running debate among scholars of the mafias: first, are criminal groups ... More


Introduction

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter first sets out the book's purpose, namely to explore the role played by the Gulag in the Soviet polity. It provides a close study of the camps and exiles in the Karaganda region of ... More


The Origins, Functions, and Institutions of the Gulag

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter offers a general reconsideration of the Gulag's origins and the role it played in Stalin's Soviet Union, and an extended look at the variety of institutions that made up this penal ... More


Reclaiming the Margins and the Marginal: Gulag Practices in Karaganda, 1930s

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter looks at the Gulag and the Karaganda camps in the foundational era—the 1930s—and the practices of the camp system as they were shaped in that important decade. The Gulag's practices had ... More


Categorizing Prisoners: The Identities of the Gulag

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter offers a conceptualization of the identities of Gulag inmates as foisted on them by Soviet authorities and as understood by the prisoners themselves. Identity in the Gulag operated ... More


Armageddon and the Gulag, 1939–1945

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the Gulag during the Armageddon of the Great Patriotic War. It shows how the institutions, practices, and identities of the Gulag shifted in accord with the demands of total ... More


A New Circle of Hell: The Postwar Gulag and the Rise of the Special Camps

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter takes the Gulag into the postwar era when authorities used the institution in an attempt to reassert social control. At the same time, arrivals from the newly annexed western territories ... More


The Crash of the Gulag: Releases and Uprisings in the Post-Stalin Era

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the period after Stalin's death. It looks at the explosive uprisings in the Gulag with a particular focus on the forty-day revolt at the Kengir division of Steplag. It also ... More


Conclusion

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0008
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This concluding chapter summarizes the preceding discussions, covering the Gulag's emergence as a mass social phenomenon in the 1920s to its collapse by the end of the 1950s. The system took a ... More


Gulag Letters

Arsenii Formakov

Emily D. Johnson (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209310
eISBN:
9780300228199
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209310.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Memoirs and works of fiction that describe the Stalinist Gulag often depict labor camps as entirely cut off from the rest of Soviet society. In fact, however, many prisoners corresponded at least ... More


Marked for Life

Mark Edele

in Soviet Veterans of World War II: A Popular Movement in an Authoritarian Society, 1941-1991

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237562
eISBN:
9780191717185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237562.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

A second problem group consisted of former prisoners of war (POWs). Their handicap was political rather than physical. The Stalinist regime was extremely suspicious of anybody who had been under ... More


Awakening to Crisis

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165814
eISBN:
9780199788811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165814.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Stalin and his coterie's pursuit of their own goals left large swathes of their country in dire poverty. As became apparent from the mounting flow of complaints to the center, some sectors of the ... More


I, Maya Plisetskaya

Maya Plisetskaya

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088571
eISBN:
9780300130713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088571.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Dance

Maya Plisetskaya, one of the world's foremost dancers, rose to become a prima ballerina of Moscow's Bolshoi Ballet after an early life filled with tragedy and loss. In this memoir, Plisetskaya ... More


The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Jeffrey S. Hardy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book reveals how the vast Soviet penal system was reimagined and reformed in the wake of Stalin's death. The text argues that penal reform in the 1950s was a serious endeavor intended to ... More


Illness and Inhumanity in Stalin's Gulag

Golfo Alexopoulos

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300179415
eISBN:
9780300227536
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179415.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book is a new and chilling study of lethal human exploitation in the Soviet forced labor camps, one of the pillars of Stalinist terror. The book is a shocking study of life and death in Stalin's ... More


Illness and Mortality: “Lost Labor Days”

Golfo Alexopoulos

in Illness and Inhumanity in Stalin's Gulag

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300179415
eISBN:
9780300227536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179415.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the role of the Gulag medical-sanitation department. Their task was not necessarily to keep prisoners healthy, but to maximize exploitation and minimize “labor losses.” The ... More


Power: “We Are Not Doctors but Delousers”

Golfo Alexopoulos

in Illness and Inhumanity in Stalin's Gulag

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300179415
eISBN:
9780300227536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179415.003.0008
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter illustrates the challenges faced by the Gulag medical-sanitation department. The principal task of this department was to maximize the number of working prisoners. Yet health care ... More


In the Service of Stalin: The Spanish Communists in Exile, 1939-1945

David Wingeate Pike

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203155
eISBN:
9780191675751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203155.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This is the epic story of the tens of thousands of communists exiled from Spain after Franco’s victory in the Spanish Civil War. With their iron discipline and fervent dedication to Stalin’s cause, ... More


Utopia Gone Terribly Right: Plutonium’s “Gated Communities” in the Soviet Union and United States

Kate Brown

in Communism Unwrapped: Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199827657
eISBN:
9780199950461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827657.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explores how military and political leaders used the production of desire in two plutonium producing towns, Richland, Washington (USA) and Chelyabinsk-40 (USSR) to insure a stable work ... More


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