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Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Barry Eichengreen

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The gold standard and the Great Depression might appear to be two very different topics requiring two entirely separate books, and the attempt to combine them here reflects Barry Eichengreen's ... More


Ideology and the Shadow of History: A Perspective on the Great Depression

Barry Eichengreen and Peter Temin

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Great Depression is one of those seminal events in the modern world economy on which policy-makers and market participants rely when formulating their conceptions of how market economies behave. ... More


The World Economy between the World Wars

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book surveys the main events in the international economy from the outbreak of the First World War to the end of the Second World War: a period of time variously defined as the “globalization ... More


The Two Interwar Recessions

Christopher Dow

in Major Recessions: Britain and the World 1920-1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241231
eISBN:
9780191596179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241236.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Through most of the interwar period, UK unemployment was high: it was high after the recession of 1921, and higher again during and after the Great Depression of 1929–32. It was argued in Ch. 3 that ... More


A Global Crisis

Kiran Klaus Patel

in The New Deal: A Global History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149127
eISBN:
9781400873623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter sets the stage and interprets the Great Depression as a global event, as a time of testing for both democracy and capitalism. The Great Depression was not solely an American experience, ... More


Economic Consequences

Douglas A. Irwin

in Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter addresses the economic effects of the Smoot–Hawley tariff. The popular perception is that the tariff raised import duties to record levels and helped cause the Great Depression. In fact, ... More


Managerial Control: The Origins of American Segmentalism

Peter A. Swenson

in Capitalists against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142976
eISBN:
9780199872190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142977.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter begins the historical analysis of welfare state development by tracing the origins of American segmentalism, a pattern of labor market control marked by decentralized industrial ... More


The New Deal for Market Security

Peter A. Swenson

in Capitalists against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142976
eISBN:
9780199872190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142977.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Constructs an explanation of welfare state development in the U.S. from analysis of segmentalism and cartelism, analyzed in earlier chapters, which characterized key components of its labor market ... More


Introduction

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This introduction to the book and the period covered provides a rapid summary of the most salient economic events between 1918 and 1939. This was a tumultuous period, as the unresolved tensions from ... More


Introduction

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The gold standard is conventionally portrayed as synonymous with financial stability, and its downfall, starting in 1929, is implicated in the global financial crisis and the worldwide depression. A ... More


Recovering from the Great Depression

Robert Wuthnow

in Remaking the Heartland: Middle America since the 1950s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146119
eISBN:
9781400836246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146119.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines how the Middle West recovered from the ill effects of the Great Depression. The Great Depression was something Americans hoped they would never experience again. In the rural ... More


Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Douglas A. Irwin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Smoot–Hawley tariff of 1930, which raised U.S. duties on hundreds of imported goods to record levels, is America's most infamous trade law. It is often associated with—and sometimes blamed ... More


International Economic Organization: Banking, Finance, and Trade in Europe Between the Wars

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Provides an overview of inter‐war international economic relations, with particular emphasis on the causes of the Great Depression of 1929–33. Four explanations for the failure of inter‐war policy ... More


Repatriating the Unassimilable Aliens

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter details variation in relief officials' efforts to use their own funds to expel destitute individuals from the nation. Relief agencies across the country helped repatriate immigrants ... More


Wall Street Meets the New Deal (1930–35)

Charles R. Geisst

in Wall Street: A History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130867
eISBN:
9780199871155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130863.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

The reaction from Washington to Wall Street woes. Hoover calls Senate investigation into market practices, Roosevelt wins White House, short selling depresses market, F. Pecora becomes lead counsel ... More


Escaping by Accident

Noel Maurer

in The Empire Trap: The Rise and Fall of U.S. Intervention to Protect American Property Overseas, 1893-2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155821
eISBN:
9781400846603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155821.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter demonstrates how the Great Depression allowed Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt to pull back from Theodore Roosevelt's imperial commitment. The Depression facilitated the end of the ... More


A Load Too Heavy: Religion and the Debate over Government Relief

Robert Wuthnow

in Rough Country: How Texas Became America's Most Powerful Bible-Belt State

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159898
eISBN:
9781400852116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159898.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines how a state that was once favorable to the federal welfare system became so antagonistic to big government a half century later. It argues that although Texas benefited from and ... More


American Culture and the Great Depression

Lawrence W. Levine

in The Unpredictable Past: Explorations in American Cultural History

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195082975
eISBN:
9780199854035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082975.003.0011
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The chapter provides views on Americans and their culture during the Great Depression. No people is ever really prepared for major economic crisis. For many black Americans the Depression merely ... More


Crisis and Opportunity

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the third of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I. It describes the desperate attempts of policy makers to defend the ... More


The Social-Democratic State

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The social democratic state rises from the Great Depression and Second Word War. And up to the 1970s, the capitalist economies grow enormously, at the same time that social rights were recognized and ... More


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